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Acta Psychologica Sinica    2016, Vol. 48 Issue (5) : 509-517     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00509
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The effects of TrkB inhibition in the mPFC on cognitive function and BDNF expression in the hippocampus of rats
WANG Qiong1; WANG Weiwen2; LI Man1; DU Wei1; SHAO Feng1
(1 Department of Psychology and Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China) (2 Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
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Abstract  

Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors and is critically involved in many cognitive functions such as learning and memory. TrkB, the specific receptor of BDNF, can bind with its ligand and regulate various neural-biochemical functions. The hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) are crucial brain areas involved in regulating memory and learning; BDNF in the hippocampus and mPFC plays an important role in these cognitive functions. Previous studies have focused on the effects of BDNF in the hippocampus and mPFC on cognitive function, however details of the interaction and co-regulation between these two areas are still unclear. In this study, male rats were obtained on postnatal day (PND) 35 and cannulas were implanted bilaterally in mPFC. One week post surgery, rats were given chronic bilateral micro-injections of ANA-12, a specific TrkB receptor antagonist, into the mPFC for seven days. Then, rats' behaviors in the open field test, and spatial learning and reversal learning in the Morris water maze (MWM) were observed through early adulthood (PND 56). After the behavioral tests, rats were sacrificed and samples of hippocampal tissue were obtained for BDNF measurement using the western blot technique. The results of the present study show that chronic blocking of TrkB in the mPFC significantly reduces the escape latency and distance traveled in the reversal learning stage of the MWM, suggesting enhanced reversal learning in early adult rats. The distance traveled and time spent in the central area of the open field, as well as the escape latency and distance traveled in the spatial learning stage of the MWM were not affected by blocking TrkB in the mPFC. The results of the western blot show that the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus was not affected by blocking mPFC TrkB. These results suggest that BDNF in the mPFC plays an important role in regulating reversal learning in young adult rats, but the influence of mPFC-BDNF on the spatial learning of rats is relatively limited. In addition, the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus seems to not be directly regulated by chronic blocking of BDNF in the mPFC. The results of the present study demonstrate that inhibition of TrkB in the mPFC improves early adult rats' reversal learning in the MWM without changing the spatial learning, nor does this specific blokade affect BDNF expression in the hippocampus. These results underscore the need for further exploration of the role of the hippocampus and mPFC in regulating cognitive functions such as learning and memory, and the relationships between these two important brain areas. Furthermore, the results provide a tentative theoretical basis for studying changes in cognitive function related to mental disease and the underlying neurobiological mechanisms.

Keywords brain derived neurotrophic factor      spatial learning      reversal learning      medial prefrontal cortex      hippocampus     
Corresponding Authors: SHAO Feng, E-mail: shaof@pku.edu.cn; WANG Weiwen, E-mail: wangww@psych.ac.cn    
Issue Date: 25 May 2016
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WANG Qiong; WANG Weiwen; LI Man; DU Wei; SHAO Feng. The effects of TrkB inhibition in the mPFC on cognitive function and BDNF expression in the hippocampus of rats[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica,2016, 48(5): 509-517.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00509     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2016/V48/I5/509
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