Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
The Motivational Hierarchy between Self and Mother: Evidence from the Feedback-related Negativity
ZHU Xiangru1; ZHANG Yan1; YANG Suyong2; WU Haiyan3; WANG Lili4; GU Ruolei3
(1 Institute of Psychology and Behavior, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China) (2 Department of Psychology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China) (3 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (4 School of Educational Science, Huaiyin Normal University, Huai’an 223300, China)
Download: PDF(773 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    

Self not only represents individual distinctiveness, but also internalizes and integrates with closed others, such as mother. The importance of closed others for self conception is shaped by culture difference, which could be reflected on the neural level. For instance, previous studies on Western people have observed significant difference in the activation of medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) between the judgment of self and that of mother, which is a region involved in self-relevant processing. In contrast, for East Asians, there is a shared neural representation between self and mother in Chinese people. However, it remains unknown whether self and mother have the same motivational hierarchy among East Asians. Eighteen college students (22.1 ± 0.8 years of age, ranged 20~24, 10 males) participated in this study. Informed consent was obtained prior to the experiment. All had normal vision (with correction), and none had a history of neurological disease or brain injury. All of them were right-handed. The subjects were paid for their participation. The subjects were asked to finish the simple gambling task. Each trial started with a 3000 ms presentation of the a notice about the beneficiary of the ongoing bet (i.e. either ‘for yourself’, ‘for your mother’ or ‘for stranger’). The subjects were told that the stranger was someone selected from the subject pool. Each participant was paid 20 Chinese yuan for their participation. In the gambling task, there was a separate account for each beneficiary. Based on the gained points for each beneficiary, the final revenue or losses were added to the separate account. Finally, the money were put on the mother's or stranger's cell phone. The current findings replicated the well-established ERP pattern that losses evoked a larger FRN than gain in the gambling task. Also, the FRN amplitude was sensitive to the beneficiary factor. That is, the FRN was larger when the subjects made choices on behalf of themselves and their mothers than for strangers, but there was no significant difference between self and mother conditions. These ERP results provided evidence that self and mother share the same motivational hierarchy in Chinese brain.

Keywords self      mother      motivational hierarchy      feedback-related negativity     
Corresponding Authors: GU Ruolei, E-mail:   
Issue Date: 25 June 2015
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
ZHU Xiangru
YANG Suyong
WU Haiyan
GU Ruolei
Cite this article:   
ZHU Xiangru,ZHANG Yan,YANG Suyong, et al. The Motivational Hierarchy between Self and Mother: Evidence from the Feedback-related Negativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00807
URL:     OR
[1] YIN Keli; YANG Yuxue; ZHANG Jijia; TIAN Jiangyao. The influence of self-categorization on perceived ethnic socialization in a simulated conflict context with two-way Bias: Evidence from Jingpo, Dai, and Han junior students[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(2): 253-261.
[2] JIN Xiaotong; ZHAO Taiyang; CUI Hongjing; XU Wei; LI Guangzheng. The influence of the perceived status change on status consumption[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(2): 273-284.
[3] LIU Qingqi; NIU Gengfeng; Fan Cuiying; ZHOU Zongkui. Passive use of social network site and its relationships with self-esteem and self-concept clarity: A moderated mediation analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 60-71.
[4] LIU Di; WANG Haizhong. Negative emotion effects of anthropomorphic advertising: Mediating role of guilt[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 128-137.
[5] FEI Dingzhou; QIAN Donghai; HUANG Xuchen. The self-control process model of altruistic behavior: The positive effect of moral emotions under the ego depletion[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1175-1183.
[6] HU Qingfen; LU Jing. The combination of self-position and self-orientation in children’s map task[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1143-1150.
[7] FAN Wei; ZHONG Yiping; YANG Zilu; LI Jin; OUYANG Yi. The degree of self-reference effect of extroversion individuals[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(8): 1002-1012.
[8] FAN Wei; ZHONG Yiping; LI Huiyun; MENG Chuyi; YOU Chang; FU Xiaolan. The influence of self-control in the perceived of deception and deception[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(7): 845-856.
[9] XING Shufen; LIANG Xi; YUE Jianhong; WANG Zhengyan. Multiple attachment relationships and the impacts on children’s socio-emotional development under the background of grandmother co-parenting[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(5): 518-528.
[10] DUAN Jinyun; GU Xiaohua; SUN Luying. The influence of explicit self-esteem, implicit self-esteem and the discrepancies between them on advice taking[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(4): 371-384.
[11] CUI Nan, XU Lan, XIE Wenting. Which one makes you regret, to do or not to do?  The effect of self-regulatory mode on inaction inertia[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(4): 423-434.
[12] WANG Tao; FENG Wenting; WEI Hua; ZHOU Nan. Loneliness makes me fall in love with you: The influence of product display on lonely individual’s product preference[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(4): 398-409.
[13] YING Mengting; JIANG Guangrong; YU Lixia; LU Ting. Patterns of reinforcement sensitivity for non-suicidal self-injury in college students[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(3): 258-270.
[14] ZHONG Yiping; LI Jin; ZHAN Youlong; FAN Wei; YANG Zilu. Rotated self-face recognition: Evidence from ERPs[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(11): 1379-1389.
[15] NIU Gengfeng; SUN Xiaojun; ZHOU Zongkui; KONG Fanchang; TIAN Yuan. The impact of social network site (Qzone) on adolescents’ depression: The serial mediation of upward social comparison and self-esteem[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(10): 1282-1291.
Full text



Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech