Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
Embodied Cognition in Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism
LI Xiaodan1; YE Haosheng1,2
(1 Education School of Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (2 The Center for the Psychology and Brain Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)
Download: PDF(391 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

Ancient Chinese thought reflected the ontology idea of body and had a construction of mixer of the “body-mind-world” system. The syncretism of body-mind was an essential preset in ancient Chinese thought. “Qi” was regarded as a basic material of universe as well as human being. Ancient Chinese controlled the “Qi” by the practice of self-cultivation. The balanced flow of in and out of “Qi” in the body of human being could make an effort of body figure, physical structure and mind. The body concept of ancient Chinese thought was more propound and diversified than the body concept of modern western embodied cognitive theory. Ancient Chinese reached the state of syncretism between nature and man by approach of cultivating from body to mind and cultivating from mind to body. In Confucianism, Confucius established the traditional practice of kernel. The self-cultivation of practice of kernel which was constituted of ritual studies mainly focused on the transformation of body and mind. In Taoism, Zhuangzi was opposed to the constraint of man’s body and mind so that he put forward a view that human being should use their body subject and kenotic body to make perception of the world and taoism. But Confucianism and Taoism had a common body subject. The perception of body subject was the most important cognitive factor to cognition of self and world. With the bidirectional shape of body and mind, the body-mind experience of taoism was the common ideal of Confucianism and Taoism. Meanwhile, Confucianism and Taoism reflected and practiced cultivation in social situation. The body was sitational. The ritual of Confucianism was a interpersonal communication system included spatial and comport metaphor. Taoism advocated inaction of all things. They thought human being should concentrate on their body and body knowing of the nature. The embodied thought of ancient Chinese thought was a complexity theory which suffuses strong traditional culture. As Merleau-Ponty’s proposition, ancient Chinese body had the same basic material as the world. In ancient Chinese thought, “Qi” was the basic material of body and so as the world. With the concern of embodied cognition, study integrating the perspective of the view of body-mind of ancient Chinese thought can promote the development of Chinese psychology and the paradigm of embodied cognition.

Keywords embodied cognition      Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism      body subject      phenomenology      embodiedment     
Corresponding Authors: YE Haosheng, E-mail: yehaosheng0817@163.com   
Issue Date: 25 May 2015
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
LI Xiaodan
YE Haosheng
Cite this article:   
LI Xiaodan,YE Haosheng. Embodied Cognition in Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00702
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00702     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2015/V47/I5/702
[1] LIU Wenjuan; SHEN Manqiong; LI Ying; WANG Ruiming. The interaction between emotional concept processing and emotional face perception[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(2): 163-173.
[2] LIU Siyun; ZHOU Zongkui; LI Na. The Impact of Cyber-Experience on Action Verb Processing[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(8): 992-1003.
[3] TANG Peipei; YE Haosheng; DU Jianzheng. The Spatial Size Metaphor of Power Concepts: A Perspective from Embodied Cognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 514-521.
[4] YE Haosheng. Theoretical Analysis of the Meaning of Embodiment[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(7): 1032-1042.
[5] LI Huijuan;ZHANG Jijia;ZHANG Ruixin. The Vertically Spatial Metaphors of Kinship words of Qiang Nationality[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(4): 481-491.
[6] WU Xiangci; WANG Enguo. Power Shifts Attention on A Vertical Dimension: An ERP Study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(12): 1871-1879.
[7] SHEN Manqiong; XIE Jiushu; ZHANG Kun; Li Ying; ZENG Chuxuan; WANG Ruiming. The Spatial Metaphor of Bilingual Affective Concepts Processing[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(11): 1671-1681.
[8] WANG Zeng;LU Zhongyi. The Vertical Spatial Metaphor of Moral Concepts and Its Influence on Cognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(5): 538-545.
[9] YE Haosheng. Cognition and Body: A Perspective from Theoretical Psychology[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(4): 481-488.
[10] ZHANG Pan;LU Zhongyi. The Mental Representation of Color Information in Sentence Comprehension[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(4): 406-415.
[11] SU Dequan;ZHONG Yuan;ZENG Hong;YE Haosheng. Embodied Semantic Processing of Chinese Action Idioms: Evidence from fMRI Study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(11): 1187-1199.
[12] LU Zhong-Yi,BA Xiao-Na,LI Xing-Fen. Dynamic Simulation of Emotion in Language Comprehension[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(8): 995-1003.
[13] ZHANG Li;CHEN Xue-Mei;WANG Qi;LI Hong. The Influence of Body Form and Social Environment on the SNARC Effect: Based on the Embodied Cognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(10): 1309-1317.
[14] YE Hao-Sheng. Embodied Cognition: A Consideration from Theoretical Psychology[J]. , 2011, 43(05): 589-598.
[15] LI Qi-Wei. Cognitive Revolution and Second-Generation Cognitive Science[J]. , 2008, 40(12): 1306-1327.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech