Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
A Comparison Study of Role Overload, Work-Family Conflict and Depression between China and North America: The Moderation Effect of Social Support
JIN Jiafei;XU Shan;WANG Yanxia
(School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China)
Download: PDF(526 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

The issues of work-family relationship have been widely studied for almost thirty years. Previous researches focused on the antecedent and outcome variables of such relationship model. Many researchers substantiated that the role overload and support which come from work and family domain have significant effects on the work-family relationship and depression as well. Based on the Boundary theory and Conversation of Resources theory, a number of studies explained the effects of role stress (such as role overload) on work-family conflict in two ways. One was the direct effect and another was interdomain transition effect. However, most of those results were proved in the Western samples, far too little attention was paid to cross-cultural comparison. In the limited cross-cultural studies, researchers used different countries to represent different cultures without considering the effect of specific aspects of culture on the difference between two distinct samples. In addition, the resource scarcity cannot account for the differences caused by culture. Thus, it would be worthwhile to examine the relationship between work and family across two heterogeneous samples, providing a fresh perspective demonstrating their differences by treating support level as one trait of culture. The purpose of this study was to make a comparison between American and Chinese employees in a common point of the mediation effect of conflict on the relationship between role overload and depression, and in a difference point of the moderation effect of support on the relation between role overload and conflict. We collected our data from two online platforms (Number of North American sample: 408, Number of Chinese sample: 442) with the survey method. Before the final scales were developed for analysis, we first conducted multi-group confirmatory factor analyses using LISREL 8.70 to assess the measurement equivalence of the scales across the two samples and languages. After reporting the reliability of scales, we tested our hypotheses by using the hierarchical regression method in SPSS. Our results partially supported our anticipation. Generally speaking, the conflicts between work and family were mediators of role overload and depression for both Chinese and North American workers. Besides, support from either work or family domain moderated the relations between role overload and conflict in the American sample not in the Chinese sample. Specially speaking, work support had a negative moderation effect on the relationship between work role overload and work-family conflict. However, we should note that the increase of work support or family support enhanced the positive relation between family role overload and family work conflict. We provided a new theoretical view to clarify the difference between mechanisms in the work-family relations model across different cultures. On the one hand, based on the distinct support atmosphere existing in the two different countries, we combined the Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility and Conversation of Resources theories to explain our findings. Specifically, Chinese workers have received more support than their counterparts in America in the long term, resulting in less sensitivity about support and leading to an almost constant relationship between role overload and conflict. On the contrary, American workers were used to low level of work support, leading them to perceive less work-family conflict once they received more work support. On the other hand, we had different results in the family domain. Specially, we assumed that the positive moderation effect of work support or family support in the relation of family role overload and family-work conflict can be explained by popular individualism in the American society. When employees have accustomed to low social support for a long time, they know exactly what they should do in both domains. Therefore, they would encounter more conflict if their coworkers or family members provided support suddenly since they may treat such support as intervention in their personal lives. Our findings reminded managers in the different countries to consider different policies to reduce employees’ conflict and depression. In detail, the foreign companies which invest in the Chinese market should establish managerial policy emphasized on reducing work role overload while those Chinese firms which invest in North America should take measures to support their employees.

Keywords work-family/family-work conflict      work/family support      China      North America      depression     
Corresponding Authors: JIN Jiafei   
Issue Date: 25 August 2014
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
JIN Jiafei
XU Shan
WANG Yanxia
Cite this article:   
JIN Jiafei,XU Shan,WANG Yanxia. A Comparison Study of Role Overload, Work-Family Conflict and Depression between China and North America: The Moderation Effect of Social Support[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.01144
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.01144     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2014/V46/I8/1144
[1] GUO Haiying; CHEN Lihua; YE Zhi; PAN Jin; LIN Danhua. Characteristics of peer victimization and the bidirectional relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems among rural-to-urban migrant children in China: A longitudinal study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(3): 336-348.
[2] YU Zengyan; ZHAO Ameng; LIU Aishu. Childhood maltreatment and depression: A Meta-Analysis[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 40-49.
[3] CAO Yanmiao; WANG Meiping; CAO Cong; JI Linqin; ZHANG Wenxin. The interaction between dopamine D2 receptor gene TaqIA polymorphim and peer victimization on early adolescent depression[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 28-39.
[4] REN Zhihong; LI Xianyun; ZHAO Lingbo; YU Xianglian; LI Zhenghan; LAI Lizu; RUAN Yijun; JIANG Guangrong. Effectiveness and mechanism of internet-based self-help intervention for depression: The Chinese version of MoodGYM[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(7): 818-832.
[5] NIU Gengfeng; SUN Xiaojun; ZHOU Zongkui; KONG Fanchang; TIAN Yuan. The impact of social network site (Qzone) on adolescents’ depression: The serial mediation of upward social comparison and self-esteem[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(10): 1282-1291.
[6] CAO Cong; WANG Meiping; JI Linqin; WEI Xing; CAO Yanmiao; ZHANG Wenxin. The MAOA rs6323 polymorphism interacts with maternal supportive parenting in predicting adolescent depression: Testing the diathesis-stress and differential susceptibility hypotheses[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(1): 22-35.
[7] WANG Meiping; ZHANG Wenxin; CHEN Xinyin. The Interaction between rs6295 Polymorphism in the 5-HTR1A Gene and Parenting Behavior on Early Adolescents’ Depression: The Verification of Differential Susceptability Model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(5): 600-610.
[8] WANG Meiping; JI Linqin; ZHANG Wenxin. Interaction Effects between rs6323 Polymorphism in the MAOA Gene and Peer Relationship on Early Depression among Male Adolescents[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(10): 1260-1268.
[9] LI Jiangna; AN Shucheng; LI Zhen. Orbitofrontal Cortex 5-HT1A Receptor Modulate Glutamate and GABA in Depression Induced by Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(10): 1269-1278.
[10] TANG Mingming;PAN Yuqin;LIN Wenjuan. A New Animal Model of Depression Induced by Repeated Central Lipopolysaccharide Administration[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(5): 639-646.
[11] TIAN Lumei;ZHANG Wenxin;CHEN Guanghui. Effects of Parental Support, Friendship Quality on Loneliness and Depression: To Test An Indirect Effect Model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(2): 238-251.
[12] WU Shuai;AN Shucheng;CHEN Huibin;LI Fei. Orbital Frontal Cortex D1 Dopamine Receptor Modulate Glutamate and NMDA Receptor in Depression Induced by Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(1): 69-78.
[13] HONG Xing;XU Xiao-Hong;YANG Yu-Jie;XIE Ling-Dan;WANG Zhen-Lu;ZHANG Qin;ZHANG Guang-Xia;LIU Xing-Yi. Early Life Exposure to Bisphenol A Affects Anxiety and Depression Behaviors in Mice and Its Molecular Mechanism[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(9): 1167-1179.
[14] TIAN Lu-Mei,CHEN Guang-Hui,WANG Shu-Qiong,LIU Hai-Jiao,ZHANG Wen-Xin. Effects of Parental Support and Friendship Support on Loneliness and Depression During Early and Middle Adolescence[J]. , 2012, 44(7): 944-956.
[15] CUI Li-Xia;SHI Guang-Yuan;ZHANG Yu-Jing;YU Yuan. A Study of the Integrated Cognitive Model of Depression for Adolescents and Its Gender Difference[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(11): 1501-1514.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech