Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
The Vertically Spatial Metaphors of Kinship words of Qiang Nationality
LI Huijuan;ZHANG Jijia;ZHANG Ruixin
(1 Center for Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China) (2 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
Download: PDF(422 KB)   Review File (1 KB) 
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

The way human beings represent abstract concepts is an important issue worth exploring in cognitive psychology. The embodied cognition theory claims that the simulation of actual sensory-motor experiences gets involved into the process of mental representation of concepts. When people represent a concept, the pre-stored information of the sensory-motor experience is partly activated to form a simulation of this sensory-motor experience. The possibility and the ways for these abstract concepts to be represented in sensory-motor representation have always been unclear. The Conceptual Metaphor Theory proposes that abstract concepts are represented by metaphors. According to this theory, metaphors serve as the basis for abstract concepts by connecting them with more concrete representations. And, the up-down image schema is the most important metaphor. The kinship, the initial social relationship of individuals, is formed on the basis of blood relationship and marriage. There are corresponding words to represent kinship in each language system, and these words are termed as kinship words. Kinship words contain abundant information about genetics, marriage, sociology and culture. This study aimed to explore whether the embodied generation relationship of kinship words could be represented by more concrete representations through metaphors. Generally speaking, the senior generational kinship imply the higher authority, stronger and upper social status and more respect, but the junior generational kinship mean lower authority, weaker and lower social status and more care. Therefore, this article also tried to investigate the role of spatial up-down image schemas proposed in the Conceptual Metaphor Theory in the process of embodied generation relationship of kinship words. In this study, the authors chose the Qiang nationality, one of the oldest nationalities in China, as the subject for study.Kinship word judgment task and lexical decision task were introduced to examine the impact of the spatial up-down image schema on the seniority process of kinship words of Qiang nationality. Furthermore, the authors took spatial recognition task to examine whether the generation concept could automatically active the spatial up-down image scheme so as to guide the subjects’ spatial attention to the consistent position with image schema-congruent location. Results of experiment 1a and 1b indicated that “metaphor congruency effect” existed in Qiang subjects on the cognition of the kinship words. That is to say, the senior generational kinship words presented in the upper part of the screen, and the junior generational kinship words in the lower part were processed faster. Experiment 2 showed that when the spatial position of target stimuli were consistent with the information of the preceding kinship words, participants recognized the target faster. In sum, these results indicated that the embodied generation relation among Qiang’s kinship words might be explained through the vertical space relation, which automatically guided subjects’ space attention to the consistent position of the spatial up-down image schema affects. Thus, generation relation is partly understood in terms of vertical space, which demonstrates that the understanding of abstract concept is based on sensory-motor process, in accordance with Concept Metaphor Theory.

Keywords Qiang nationality      seniority in the family      spatial attention      embodied cognition      Conceptual Metaphor Theory     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Jijia   
Issue Date: 25 April 2014
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
LI Huijuan
ZHANG Jijia
ZHANG Ruixin
Cite this article:   
LI Huijuan,ZHANG Jijia,ZHANG Ruixin. The Vertically Spatial Metaphors of Kinship words of Qiang Nationality[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00481
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00481     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2014/V46/I4/481
[1] LIU Wenjuan; SHEN Manqiong; LI Ying; WANG Ruiming. The interaction between emotional concept processing and emotional face perception[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(2): 163-173.
[2] LIU Siyun; ZHOU Zongkui; LI Na. The Impact of Cyber-Experience on Action Verb Processing[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(8): 992-1003.
[3] YANG Huilan; HE Xiayou; ZHAO Xueru; ZHANG Wei. Multiple Metaphorical Representations of Power: Evidence from Size and Color[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(7): 939-949.
[4] LI Xiaodan; YE Haosheng. Embodied Cognition in Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(5): 702-710.
[5] TANG Peipei; YE Haosheng; DU Jianzheng. The Spatial Size Metaphor of Power Concepts: A Perspective from Embodied Cognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 514-521.
[6] YE Haosheng. Theoretical Analysis of the Meaning of Embodiment[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(7): 1032-1042.
[7] WU Xiangci; WANG Enguo. Power Shifts Attention on A Vertical Dimension: An ERP Study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(12): 1871-1879.
[8] SHEN Manqiong; XIE Jiushu; ZHANG Kun; Li Ying; ZENG Chuxuan; WANG Ruiming. The Spatial Metaphor of Bilingual Affective Concepts Processing[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(11): 1671-1681.
[9] WANG Zeng;LU Zhongyi. The Vertical Spatial Metaphor of Moral Concepts and Its Influence on Cognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(5): 538-545.
[10] YE Haosheng. Cognition and Body: A Perspective from Theoretical Psychology[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(4): 481-488.
[11] ZHANG Pan;LU Zhongyi. The Mental Representation of Color Information in Sentence Comprehension[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(4): 406-415.
[12] SU Dequan;ZHONG Yuan;ZENG Hong;YE Haosheng. Embodied Semantic Processing of Chinese Action Idioms: Evidence from fMRI Study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(11): 1187-1199.
[13] LU Zhong-Yi,BA Xiao-Na,LI Xing-Fen. Dynamic Simulation of Emotion in Language Comprehension[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(8): 995-1003.
[14] ZHANG Li;CHEN Xue-Mei;WANG Qi;LI Hong. The Influence of Body Form and Social Environment on the SNARC Effect: Based on the Embodied Cognition[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2012, 44(10): 1309-1317.
[15] YE Hao-Sheng. Embodied Cognition: A Consideration from Theoretical Psychology[J]. , 2011, 43(05): 589-598.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech