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Acta Psychologica Sinica
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The Processing of Isolated Negative Sentences with Uncertain States
CHEN Guangyao;WU Mingyi;WEI Xiaoping;ZHOU Miao;HE Xianyou;MO Lei
Center for Studies of Psychological Application/School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
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Abstract  

Affirmation and negation are semantic and grammatical categories present in virtually all languages. Many different theories have been proposed to explain the processing mechanism of negation. The schema-plus-tag model and the two-step simulation hypothesis have been accepted by many researchers. However, neither of these hypotheses cannot explain the processing mechanism of isolated negative sentences with uncertain states, such as the skirt is not red. In this study, we proposed anchor-based activation and satisfaction constrained model, to solve this problem. The sentence-verification paradigm was adopted in three experiments to explore the processing mechanism of negated sentences with uncertain states. In these experiments, participants were presented with affirmative or negative sentences with target objects, such as the skirt is/isn’t red. After reading the sentences with a delay condition of either 250ms, 750ms, or 1500ms, pictures were presented instantly. The task of participants was to verify whether the objects in the pictures appeared in the previous sentences. In these experiments, we designed three kinds of probing pictures. The first kind was “N”, which depicted the negated state of affairs of negated sentences, such as a red skirt for the sentence The skirt is not red; the second kind was “×+N”, which depicted the actual state of affairs of negated sentences, such as a red skirt plus negated marker (×); the last kind was “A”, which depicted one of the alternative states of affairs of negated sentences, such as a blue skirt. Results of Experiment 1 indicated that both of the data patterns of the affirmative and negated sentences were “N = ×+ N, ×+ N

Keywords negatives with uncertain state      isolated negative sentences      two-step simulation hypothesis      anchor-based activation and satisfaction constrained model     
Corresponding Authors: HE Xianyou   
Issue Date: 25 February 2014
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CHEN Guangyao
WU Mingyi
WEI Xiaoping
ZHOU Miao
HE Xianyou
MO Lei
Cite this article:   
CHEN Guangyao,WU Mingyi,WEI Xiaoping, et al. The Processing of Isolated Negative Sentences with Uncertain States[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00204
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00204     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2014/V46/I2/204
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[2] CHEN Guangyao; ZHANG Wei; Chen Qing; Zhao Xueru; He Xianyou. The Processing of Isolated Negative Sentences with Uncertain Categorical States: Evidence from Eye-movement Experiments[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(10): 1426-1441.
[3] GAO Zhi-Hua,LU Zhong-Yi,MA Hong-Xia. The Simulation Process of Chinese Simple Negative Declarative Sentence[J]. , 2011, 43(12): 1380-1387.
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