Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
The Influence of Positive Affect on Mental Rotation of Compound Stimuli: the Moderating Role of Approch Motivation
CUI Lixia;ZHANG Yujing;XIAO Jing;ZHANG Qin
(Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition and Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China)
Download: PDF(569 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

The Motivational Dimensional Model (MDM, Gable & Harmon-Jones, 2010c), based on a series of experiments on attention, memory, and cognitive categorisation, proposes that the positive affect high in approach motivation narrows the scope of cognition, whereas the positive affect low in approach motivation broadens the scope of cognition (Gable & Harmon-Jones, 2010b, 2011a; Price & Harmon-Jones, 2010). The current study examined the influence of positive affects differed in approach motivational intensity on the effect of global precedence on mental rotation of compound stimuli on the basis of MDM hypothesis. We carried out two experiments using behavioral and cognitive emotion-eliciting methods to examine the influence of positive affects differed in the approach motivational intensities on the effect of global precedence on mental rotation of compound stimuli. In Experiment 1 we adopted 3 body postures (leaning forward, sitting upright and reclining backward) accompanied by the facial expression of smile to elicit positive affects with high, moderate and low approach motivation, respectively. In Experiment 2 we adopted Monetary Incentive Delay Paradigm, which added neutral condition lacked in experiment 1. Twenty eight and thirty one university students completed the parity judgment task that requires mental rotation of compound stimuli in each experiment. The first object was to examine the influence of positive affects differed in approach motivation on mental rotation. The second object was to examine the different effect between the positive affect in different approach motivation and the neutral condition on mental rotation. The results were: (1) In Experiment 1 Individuals responded faster to global targets than local targets when sitting upright and reclining forward, while their performance remained in the same level given local and global targets when leaning forward; (2) In Experiment 2 the results showed that the main effect of the reward (gain/no gain) on the RTs of mental rotation task was not significant, but individuals responded faster to global targets than local targets in the postgoal expected and postgoal unexpected condition while did not differ in their RTs to local and global targets after the pretgoal cue. We concluded that the approch motivation moderated the influence of positive affect on the effect of global precedence on mental rotation. The effect of global precedence on mental rotation showed up when the approach motivation was low but disappeared when the approach motivation was high. These results suggest the positive affect low in approach motivation broadens the scope of mental rotation, whereas the positive affect high in approach motivation narrows the scope of mental rotation. But we did not found that the valence (positive affect / neutral condition) moderated the effect of global precedence on mental rotation.

Keywords approch motivation      positive affect      mental rotation      the Motivational Dimensional Model      Monetary Incentive Delay     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Qin   
Issue Date: 25 November 2013
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
CUI Lixia
ZHANG Yujing
XIAO Jing
ZHANG Qin
Cite this article:   
CUI Lixia,ZHANG Yujing,XIAO Jing, et al. The Influence of Positive Affect on Mental Rotation of Compound Stimuli: the Moderating Role of Approch Motivation[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.01228
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.01228     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2013/V45/I11/1228
[1] LIU Fang; DING Jinhong; ZHANG Qin. Positive affect and selective attention: Approach-motivation intensity influences the early and late attention processing stages[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(7): 794-803.
[2] WANG Zhenhong;LIU Ya;JIANG Changhao. The Effect of Low versus High Approach-Motivated Positive Affect on Cognitive Control[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(5): 546-555.
[3] ZHANG Xia,LIU Ming. Eye Movements in the Processing of Visual Mental Imagery[J]. , 2009, 41(04): 305-315.
[4] TAO Wei-Dong,HUANG Xi-Ting,ZHANG Hui,FENG Si-Hai,LIU Qiang,TAO Xiao-Li,XIE Chao-Xiang,LI Hong,SUN Hong-Jin. Observer’s Hand Orientation Influences Mental Rotation of A Hand Stimulus[J]. , 2009, 41(01): 10-25.
[5]

QIU Xiang,FU Xiao-Lan,SUI Dan-Ni,LI Jian,TANG Yi-Yuan

. The Effect of Global Precedence on Mental Rotation of Compound Stimuli[J]. , 2009, 41(01): 1-9.
[6] TAO Wei-Dong,SUN Hong-Jin,YAN Jing-Jiang,ZHOU Liu. The Dissociation of Egocentric and Allocentric Mental Rotation through an In-Rotation Effect[J]. , 2008, 40(01): 14-24.
[7] Wu Yanwen,You Xuqun.

The Parallel Process of Mental Rotation in Dual-task Situation

[J]. , 2007, 39(05): 785-794.
[8] You-Xuqun,Wang-Peng,Yan-Bihua. Character Effect of Mental Rotation in Different Planes[J]. , 2007, 39(01): 58-63.
[9] Xin Ziqiang Chi Liping (The Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HAPPINESS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT[J]. , 2001, 33(05): 59-64.
[10] Wu Bing(Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of science, Beijing, 100101)Sun Fuchuan(shanghai Institute of Physiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, shanghai, 200031). EYE MOVEMENTS IN RECOGNITION OF ROTATED CHINESE CHARACTERS[J]. , 1999, 31(01): 7-14.
[11] Yu Bolin,Li Zhaohui(Institute of Psychology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100012)Zhang Shulin(Institute of Psychology,South-west Normal University,Chongqing, 630715). EFFECTS OF COMPLEXITIES ON RECOGNITION FOR TILTED CHINESE CHARACTERS[J]. , 1995, 27(04): 337-343.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech