Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
The Influence of the Leader’s Creativity on the Employees’ Creativity
PAN Jingzhou;LOU Yating;ZHOU Wenxia
(1 College of Management and Economics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China) (2 Advanced Training Center of State Grid Corporation of China, Beijing, 100192, China) (3 School of Labor Relations and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
Download: PDF(565 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  Since individual creativity is the building block for organizational innovation, there is a heightened level of interest in individual creativity. With many influencing factors, special attention has been devoted to a leader’s impact on followers’ creativity. Drawing on social cognitive theory, the study focused on the influence of the leader’s creativity on the employees’ creativity in organizational settings, and further incorporated Leader Member Exchange Relationship (LMX) and authoritarian leadership as situational factors to tap their interaction effects on employees’ creativity. We conducted two studies using two different samples of leader-subordinate dyads in China to test our assumptions. Data in study 1 were collected from three Chinese organizations including a college, a hospital and a public institution. A total of 120 employees and their leaders participated in the survey and 96 (80%) pairs of leader-member dyads provided usable responses. The result of Study 1 demonstrated that the presence of the leader’s creativity was associated with the employees’ creativity and intrinsic motivation was a mediator between the two constructs. The data in Study 2 was collected from 21 Chinese companies of various sizes in the industries of construction design, electronics, information technology, networking, software and consulting. All 202 leader-member dyads were invited to participate in the survey, and 194 pairs (96%) provided usable responses. The findings showed: (1) the presence of the leader’s creativity had a positive association with the employees’ creativity; (2) authoritarian leadership positively moderated this relation; (3) LMX interacted with the joint condition to affect employees’ creativity – more specifically, the effect of the leader’s creativity on the employees was stronger when both LMX and authoritarian leadership were high than when LMX was high and authoritarian leadership was low; the effect of the leader’s creativity on the employees was stronger when both LMX and authoritarian leadership were low than when LMX was low and authoritarian leadership was high. Different from other studies’ focusing on the leader’s management activity, we demonstrated the implicit and potential influence of the leader’s creative performance at work on the followers as well as the influences of some context variables. By doing this, we expect to enrich the social learning theory and leadership literatures. By discussing the interaction effects, some straightforward fashions were challenged. At the end of the paper, the limitations and the future directions were discussed.
Keywords Creativity      LMX      Authoritarian Leadership      Social Learning Theory     
Corresponding Authors: ZHOU Wenxia   
Issue Date: 25 October 2013
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
PAN Jingzhou
LOU Yating
ZHOU Wenxia
Cite this article:   
PAN Jingzhou,LOU Yating,ZHOU Wenxia. The Influence of the Leader’s Creativity on the Employees’ Creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.01147
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.01147     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2013/V45/I10/1147
[1] NI Xudong; XIANG Xiaoxia; YAO Chunxu. Balance of team diversity’ effects on team creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(5): 556-565.
[2] LIU Yun; LI Yanping; TU Yidong. Why employees help colleagues: A multilevel study on leader-member exchange and helping behavior[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(4): 385-397.
[3] LI WenFu; TONG DanDan; QIU Jiang; ZHANG QingLin. The neural basis of scientific innovation problems solving[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(4): 331-342.
[4] ZHANG Jinghuan; LIU Xin; REN Feifei; SUN Xiangwei; YU Qi. The effects of group diversity and organizational support on group creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(12): 1551-1560.
[5] GU Chuanhua; WANG Yali; WU Caifu; XIE Xianglong; CUI Chengzhu; WANG Yaxian; WANG Wanzhen; HU Biying; ZHOU Zongkui. Brain Correlates underlying Social Creative Thinking: EEG Alpha Activity in Trait vs. State Creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(6): 765-773.
[6] LV Jie; ZHANG Gang. The Mechanisms of Knowledge Heterogeneity on Creativity of Knowledge Teams: An Interactive Cognition Perspective[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 533-544.
[7] MA Jun; ZHANG Haomin; YANG Tao. A Cross-level Analysis of Achievement Goal Orientation and Performance Control on Team Member’s Creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(1): 79-92.
[8] TU Yidong; LU Xinxin; GUO Wei; WANG Zhen. What Benefits Do Ethical Leaders Gain? Ethical Leadership, LMX Mean and Leaders’ Benefits[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(9): 1378-1391.
[9] REN Zhen; YANG Anbo; WANG Dengfeng; LIN Ying. Structure Models of Leader-Member Relationship (LMR) from the Perspectives of Cultural Differences between China and the West[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(9): 1355-1377.
[10] ZHANG Yong; LONG Lirong; HE Wei. The Effect of Pay for Performance on Radical Creativity and Incremental Creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(12): 1880-1896.
[11] LI Rui; TIAN Xiaoming. Supervisor Authoritarian Leadership and Subordinate Proactive Behavior: Test of A Mediated-Moderation Model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(11): 1719-1733.
[12] LIN Xiaomin; BAI Xinwen; LIN Lin. Effects of Similarity and Accuracy Indices of Shared Mental Models on Team Creativity[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(11): 1734-1747.
[13] QIAN Jinxin;YU Jiayuan. Modeling Self-reported Instrument Data with Gene Expression Programming[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(6): 704-714.
[14] CAI Yahua;JIA Liangding;YOU Shuyang;ZHANG Yi;CHEN Yanlu. The Influence of Differentiated Transformational Leadership on Knowledge Sharing and Team Creativity: A Social Network Explanation[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(5): 585-598.
[15] ZHANG Yong;LONG Lirong. The Impact of Pay for Performance on Employees’ Creativity: Moderating Effect of Person-job Fit and Mediating Effect of Creative Self-efficacy[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(3): 363-376.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech