Please wait a minute...
Acta Psychologica Sinica
|
A Multilevel Analysis of the Developmental Trajectory of Preschoolers’ Effortful Control and Prediction by Parental Parenting Style
LIANG Zongbao;ZHANG Guangzhen;DENG Huihua;SONG Yuan;ZHENG Wenming
(1 Research Center for Learning Science/Key Laboratory of Child Development and Learning Science, Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China) (2 Department of Child Health Care, Suzhou Municipal Hospital, Suzhou 215002, China)
Download: PDF(581 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  Learning to voluntarily suppress impulsivity and activate behavior in accord with social norms and expectations is one of greatest developmental task for preschoolers. Effortful control is the core component of self-regulation and refers to an individual’s ability to inhibit dominant behavior and perform subdominant behavior, as well as modulate physiological, emotional, and behavioral responses during this process. Most of previous research has found that early effortful control plays an important role in human life. It can improve individuals’ physiological and mental health, socio-economic status, and reduce their maladjusted behavior. Although existing research has suggested that preschoolers’ effortful control increases with age, the developmental trajectory of effortful control during preschool years needs further clarification. Whether the developmental trajectory during preschool years is linear or nonlinear, and whether the initial developmental level and change speed are related need to be further studied. Furthermore, the contribution of parenting beliefs and behavior to individual difference in the development of effortful control is very important for educational prevention. This longitudinal study explored the developmental trajectory of preschoolers’ effortful control and the contribution of parental parenting style to it. Four hundred and seventy four preschoolers (264 boys and 210 girls, Mage=50.92 months, SD = 4.21 at the first stage) and their parents participated in this study. Both fathers and mothers reported parenting beliefs and behavior and mother also rated children’s effortful control when children were 4, 5 and 6 years old. Multilevel analysis indicated that: (1) Children’s effortful control increased in a linear fashion during preschool years, and there are significant individual difference in the increasing linear slope and the final development level of effortful control. Children who exhibited higher initial effortful control exhibited a steeper increase in effortful control over time. (2) Children whose parents displayed encouragement and acceptance at T1 exhibited higher effortful control at T3. Children whose parents reported more rejection and punishment at T1 exhibited lower effortful control in at T3. (3) Paternal encouragement and acceptance predicted a steeper increase in the development of children’s effortful control, whereas maternal encouragement and acceptance predicted a slower increase in the development of effortful control. (4) Paternal parenting beliefs and behavior at T1 explained 10% and 2% of the variance in T3 and slope of their children’s effortful control during the preschool years, respectively, while mothers’ beliefs/behavior explained 14% and 3% of the analogous variance. In combination, fathers’ and mothers’ beliefs/behavior explained 19% of the variance in effortful control at age 6 and 10% of the variance in the slope of effortful control.
Keywords preschooler      effortful control      parenting      longitudinal study      multilevel analysis     
Corresponding Authors: LIANG Zongbao;ZHANG Guangzhen   
Issue Date: 25 May 2013
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
LIANG Zongbao
ZHANG Guangzhen
DENG Huihua
SONG Yuan
ZHENG Wenming
Cite this article:   
LIANG Zongbao,ZHANG Guangzhen,DENG Huihua, et al. A Multilevel Analysis of the Developmental Trajectory of Preschoolers’ Effortful Control and Prediction by Parental Parenting Style[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00556
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00556     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2013/V45/I5/556
[1] DONG Shuyang; LIANG Xi; ZHANG Ying; WANG Zhengyan. Maternal positive parenting behaviors and toddler’s compliance: Prediction from maternal sensitivity in infancy and bidirectional effects of autonomy encouragement in toddlerhood[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(4): 460-471.
[2] GUO Haiying; CHEN Lihua; YE Zhi; PAN Jin; LIN Danhua. Characteristics of peer victimization and the bidirectional relationship between peer victimization and internalizing problems among rural-to-urban migrant children in China: A longitudinal study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(3): 336-348.
[3] LI Tingyu; LIU Li; ZHU Liqi. 4~6 year-old children’s trust in economic game and its influencing factors[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(1): 17-27.
[4] XING Shufen; LIANG Xi; YUE Jianhong; WANG Zhengyan. Multiple attachment relationships and the impacts on children’s socio-emotional development under the background of grandmother co-parenting[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(5): 518-528.
[5] ZHOU Cuimin; TAO Sha; LIU Hongyun; WANG Cuicui; QI Xue; DONG Qi;The Project Team of National Children’s Study of China. The role of collective perception of school psychological environment in grades 4~6 students’ academic achievement[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(2): 185-198.
[6] ZHAO Ying; CHENG Yahua; WU Xinchun; NGUYEN Thi Phuong. The reciprocal relationship between morphological awareness and vocabulary knowledge among Chinese children: A longitudinal study[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(11): 1434-1444.
[7] CAO Cong; WANG Meiping; JI Linqin; WEI Xing; CAO Yanmiao; ZHANG Wenxin. The MAOA rs6323 polymorphism interacts with maternal supportive parenting in predicting adolescent depression: Testing the diathesis-stress and differential susceptibility hypotheses[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(1): 22-35.
[8] QIAN Miao; ZHOU Lixia; LU Tiantian; WENG Mengxing; FU Genyue. Theoretical Construction and Empirical Research on A Preschooler-friendly Implicit Association Test[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(7): 903-913.
[9] CHEN Wu; LI Dongping; BAO Zhenzhou; YAN Yuwen; ZHOU Zongkui. The Impact of Parent-Child Attachment on Adolescent Problematic Internet Use: A Moderated Mediation Model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(5): 611-623.
[10] WANG Meiping; ZHANG Wenxin; CHEN Xinyin. The Interaction between rs6295 Polymorphism in the 5-HTR1A Gene and Parenting Behavior on Early Adolescents’ Depression: The Verification of Differential Susceptability Model[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(5): 600-610.
[11] WANG Meiping;ZHANG Wenxin. Association between COMT Gene Rs6267 Polymorphism and Parent-Adolescent Cohesion and Conflict: the Analyses of the Moderating Effects of Gender and Parenting Behavior[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(7): 931-941.
[12] CAO Cong; WANG Meiping; ZHANG Wenxin; JI Linqin; CHEN Liang; CHEN Xinyin. Interaction between COMT Gene rs6267 Polymorphism and Maternal Parenting Behavior on Adolescents’ Physical and Relational Aggression[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(10): 1486-1497.
[13] YU Fengjie;ZHAO Jingxin;ZHANG Wenxin. The Development of Future Planning and Its Relation with Parenting Behaviors During Early and Middle Adolescence: The Mediating Effects of Behavioral Autonomy[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(6): 658-671.
[14] LIU Guoxiong. Development of Preschoolers’ Deontic Reasoning in Moral and Conventional Domain[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(3): 310-319.
[15] LI Dong-Ping,ZHANG Wei,LI Dan-Li,WANG Yan-Hui,ZHEN Shuang-Ju. The Effects of Parenting Styles and Temperament on Adolescent Aggression: Examining Unique, Differential, and Mediation Effects[J]. , 2012, 44(2): 211-225.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Acta Psychologica Sinica
Support by Beijing Magtech