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Acta Psychologica Sinica
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The Effect of Essentialist Theory of Ethnicity on Ethnic Identity and Stereotyping
GAO Chenghai;WAN Minggang
(1 Research Center for Education of Northwest Ethnic Minorities, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China) (2 Department of Education, Longnan Teachers College, Chengxian 742500, China)
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Abstract  采用问卷法、访谈法和实验法, 考察了少数民族与汉族大学生的民族本质论、民族认同和民族刻板印象的特点, 检验了民族本质论与民族认同和民族刻板印象的关系。研究1结果表明:(1)持有强烈民族本质论观点的个体感知到的群际差异更大; (2)民族本质论影响个体的群际导向, 它使个体有强烈的内群认同和偏好, 但其与外群接触的态度较为消极。研究2结果表明:汉族被试持有的民族本质论观点越强烈, 其对少数民族持有刻板印象的程度就更大, 尤其是消极刻板印象。民族本质论对民族认同和民族刻板印象有重要影响, 在实践中可以将民族本质论作为一个中介, 通过改变人们的民族本质论信念, 减少群际刻板印象与偏见, 改善群体关系。
Keywords 常人理论      民族本质论      民族建构论      民族认同      刻板印象     
Corresponding Authors: WAN Minggang   
Issue Date: 28 February 2013
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GAO Chenghai,WAN Minggang. The Effect of Essentialist Theory of Ethnicity on Ethnic Identity and Stereotyping[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00231
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00231     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/EN/Y2013/V45/I2/231
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