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  1982, Vol. 14 Issue (01): 44-52    
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关于儿童部分与整体关系认知发展的实验研究——6—7岁儿童用非除法运算解答包含除的实验
何纪全
中国科学院心理研究所
AN INVESTIGATION IN COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RELATION BETWEEN PART AND WHOLE IN CHILDREN WHOLE IN CHILDREN——ON SOLVING PROBLEMS OF INCLUSIVE DIVISION NOT BY DIVISION METHOD IN CHILDREN OF 6-7 YEARS OF AGE
He Ji-quan Institute of Piychology. Academia Sinica
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摘要 部分与整体的关系是事物的普遍关系的一种反映。儿童对表现在小学数学中的部分与整体关系的认知发展,是一个值得研究的课题。本研究对6—7岁儿童理解包含除的数量关系的认知特点,进行了调查。结果表明,6—7岁儿童用非除法运算解答二十以内的不同方式提问的包含除的问题,已达到一定的水平。对包含除的数量关系在理解上的差异,依赖于对数的部分与整体关系,即对总数、每份数和份数及其相互关系的掌握。
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何纪全
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Abstract:222 children of 6-7 were. asked to solve problems of inclusive division ofvarious forms. These children did not know multiplication and divsion methods.The results indicate: 1) Children of 6-7 showed cognitive ability number relationship of partand whole but only to a certain level. Three different ways were used by thechildren in solving problems of inclusive division: a) By non-arithematical method. b) By successive addition or subtraction of equal numbers. c) By composition and decomposition of equal numbers. 2) The mastering of part and. whole number relationship in inclusivedivision depends upon children's understanding of the relation between the totalnumber, the number of set into which the total number is divided and thenumber of the elements in each set. It was suggested that there are indications of the cognition of part andwhole relationship of numbers.
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     出版日期: 1982-03-25
通讯作者: 何纪全   
引用本文:   
何纪全. 关于儿童部分与整体关系认知发展的实验研究——6—7岁儿童用非除法运算解答包含除的实验[J]. , 1982, 14(01): 44-52.
He Ji-quan Institute of Piychology. Academia Sinica. AN INVESTIGATION IN COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RELATION BETWEEN PART AND WHOLE IN CHILDREN WHOLE IN CHILDREN——ON SOLVING PROBLEMS OF INCLUSIVE DIVISION NOT BY DIVISION METHOD IN CHILDREN OF 6-7 YEARS OF AGE. , 1982, 14(01): 44-52.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y1982/V14/I01/44
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