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心理学报  1981, Vol. 13 Issue (04): 47-52    
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关于闪光盲的研究——Ⅰ.闪光亮度、曝光时间和适应状态对闪光盲恢复时间的影响
方芸秋;毛守金;杨振玉;陈明;王厚华;宣恒锐;郭元兴
上海生理所 ,上海生理所 ,上海生理所 ,上海生理所 ,上海生理所 ,上海生理所 ,上海生理所
STUDIES ON FLASHBLINDNESS(Ⅰ)——THE EFFECT OF FLASH LUMINANCE AND FLASH DURATION ON RECOVERY TIME
Fang Yun-qiu;Mao Shou-jin;Yang Zhen-yu;Chen Ming;Wang Hou-hua;Xuan Heng-rui;Guo Yuan-xing.(Shanghai Institute of Physiology)
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摘要 在暗适应和在明适应(1×10~(-2)熙提)条件下,对11名正常视觉的男性受试者测定了闪光亮度、闪光时间对闪光盲恢复时间的影响。观察目标为6’视角的蓝道环缺口。结果表明:①在0.45—1.5熙提(暗适应条件)和2—36熙提(明适应条件)范围内,恢复时间与闪光亮度成线性关系。②关系曲线的斜率随闪光时间的加长而增大。③引起同样恢复时间的闪光盲,明适应时所需闪光亮度为暗适应时的3—5倍,实验结果可为防闪光盲护目镜减光倍率的确定提供参数。
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Abstract:Under both dark-adapted and light-adapted states (1×10~(-2) stilb), therecovery time (RT) from flashblindness in detecting a 6' gap of LandoltRing was measured for 11 male observers with normal vision. The resultsshow: (1) the RT increases linearly with increase of luminance from 0.45 to15 stilb under dark-adapted condition and 2 to 36 stilb under light-adaptedcondition; (2) the slope of the curve relating RT to luminance increases withincrease of exposure duration) (3) the flash luminance required to producethe same RT is about 3-5 times longer under light-adapted than that underdark-adapted condition. The experimental data may serve as a basis for the determination of thetransmission factor of the protecting glass.
     出版日期: 1981-12-25
通讯作者: 方芸秋   
引用本文:   
方芸秋,毛守金,杨振玉,陈明,王厚华,宣恒锐,郭元兴. (1981). 关于闪光盲的研究——Ⅰ.闪光亮度、曝光时间和适应状态对闪光盲恢复时间的影响. 心理学报, 13(04): 47-52.
Fang Yun-qiu,Mao Shou-jin,Yang Zhen-yu,Chen Ming,Wang Hou-hua,Xuan Heng-rui,Guo Yuan-xing.(Shanghai Institute of Physiology). (1981). STUDIES ON FLASHBLINDNESS(Ⅰ)——THE EFFECT OF FLASH LUMINANCE AND FLASH DURATION ON RECOVERY TIME. , 13(04), 47-52.
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