Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
阈上阈下不同面孔表情下的注视线索提示效应
张美晨;魏萍;张钦
(首都师范大学心理系, 北京市“学习与认知”重点实验室, 北京 100048)
The Impact of Supra- and Sub-liminal Facial Expressions on the Gaze-cueing Effect
ZHANG Meichen; WEI Ping; ZHANG Qin
(Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition and Department of Psychology,
Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China)
全文: PDF(858 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

为考察阈上、阈下不同面孔表情下的注视线索提示效应, 实验以阈上和阈下面孔的不同注视朝向为提示线索, 同时变化面孔表情, 要求被试迅速和准确地对随后出现的靶刺激(大写字母)的呈现位置做出判断。结果显示, 在阈上呈现条件下, 注视线索提示效应显著, 且该效应不受面孔表情的影响。在阈下呈现条件下, 注视线索提示效应显著, 但该效应受到了面孔表情的调节, 表现为在注视线索无效时, 判断目标位置所需反应时在正性、负性面孔表情下显著长于中性面孔条件。上述结果说明, 阈上知觉时, 面孔表情虽被清晰感知, 但个体自上而下的控制机制使其被忽略, 因而未能影响个体的注意偏向; 阈下知觉时, 面孔表情得到自动加工, 并影响了个体的注意偏向。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
张美晨
魏萍
张钦
关键词 阈上阈下注视线索提示效应面孔表情    
Abstract

 

Studies have shown that attention tends to shift to locations gazed by others. The gaze-cuing effect (GCE) means that targets presented at periphery are detected faster when the eyes in a central face are gazing at the same direction of the target than when the eyes are gazing at the opposite side. In the present study, we investigated the impact of consciously or unconsciously presented emotional faces on the gaze-cuing effect.
A positive, neutral, or negative cue face with its eyes gazing at left or right side was presented supraliminally or subliminally in the center of the screen, followed by a target letter presented at the gazed (cued) location or the opposite (un-cued) location. Participants were asked to make localization responses to the target as accurately and quickly as possible.
Results showed that, the GCE, in terms of RTs in the un-cued condition minus RTs in the cued condition, was significant and was not affected by facial expression when the face was presented supraliminally. However, when the cue was presented subliminally, the GCE effect was also significant and was modulated by the emotionality of the central face. Specifically, in the un-cued condition, RTs were significantly longer in the positive and negative conditions than that in the neutral condition. In other words, GCE was larger in the positive and negative conditions than in the neutral condition.

These results indicated that GCE can be modulated by faces with biological importance. The emotional information conveyed through supraliminally presented face might be suppressed by the top-down control setting, whereas the subliminally presented gazing cue was processed automatically and was escaped from top-down suppression.

Key wordssupraliminally    subliminally    gaze-cueing effect    facial expression
收稿日期: 2014-11-27      出版日期: 2015-11-25
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助(31470979, 31470980); 首都师范大学哲学社会科学拔尖人才资助。

通讯作者: 张钦, E-mail: zhqian@cnu.edu.cn; 魏萍, E-mail: weiping@cnu.edu.cn   
引用本文:   
张美晨;魏萍;张钦. 阈上阈下不同面孔表情下的注视线索提示效应[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01309.
ZHANG Meichen; WEI Ping; ZHANG Qin. The Impact of Supra- and Sub-liminal Facial Expressions on the Gaze-cueing Effect. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(11): 1309-1317.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01309      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2015/V47/I11/1309
[1] 王佳莹; 缴润凯; 张明. 任务设置影响负相容效应的机制 ——自上而下认知控制对阈下启动信息加工的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(11): 1370-1378.
[2] 张丹丹;赵婷;柳昀哲;陈玉明. 恐惧情绪面孔和身体姿势加工的比较:事件相关电位研究[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(8): 963-970.
[3] 徐雷;王丽君;赵远方;谭金凤;陈安涛. 阈下奖励调节认知控制的权衡[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(4): 459-466.
[4] 王佳莹;张明. 任务需求对语义水平负相容效应的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(2): 196-203.
[5] 王沛;霍鹏飞;王灵慧. 阈下知觉的加工水平及其发生条件—— 基于视觉掩蔽启动范式的视角[J]. 心理学报, 2012, 44(9): 1138-1148.
[6] 金翊翔,罗跃嘉. 中性词和负性词的纯粹接触效应[J]. , 2011, 43(07): 739-748.
[7] 张智君,赵亚军,占琪涛. 注视方向的知觉对注视追随行为的影响[J]. , 2011, 43(07): 726-738.
[8] 吕勇,张伟娜,沈德立. 不同愉悦度面孔阈下情绪启动效应:来自ERP的证据[J]. , 2010, 42(09): 929-938.
[9] 邓晓红,张德玄,黄诗雪,袁,雯,周晓林. 阈上和阈下不同情绪线索对返回抑制的影响[J]. , 2010, 42(03): 325-333.
[10] 赵亚军,张智君. 眼睛注视线索提示效应: 内源性注意还是外源性注意?[J]. , 2009, 41(12): 1133-1142.
[11] 蒋重清,杨丽珠,刘颖. 阈下情绪STROOP效应发展特点[J]. , 2007, 39(02): 242-248.
[12] 蔡华俭. 泛文化的自尊——基于中国大学生的研究证据[J]. , 2006, 38(06): 902-909.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn