ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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体感游戏促进儿童的执行功能:运动强度和认知参与的作用

盖笑松 1,许洁2   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学教育学部心理学院
    2. 东北师范大学心理学院
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-29 修回日期:2020-09-15 发布日期:2020-11-12
  • 通讯作者: 盖笑松

Exergame Can Improve Children’s Executive Function: The Role of Physical Intensity and Cognitive Engagement

  • Received:2020-04-29 Revised:2020-09-15 Published:2020-11-12
  • Contact: GAI Xiao-Song

摘要: 为了考察体感游戏中运动强度和认知参与促进儿童执行功能的一次性训练效果和长期训练效果,采用2(运动强度:高/低)×2(认知参与:高/低)×3(测量时间:前测、一次性训练后测、长期训练后测)的三因素混合实验设计,对122名4-6岁儿童进行6周(每周三次)的体感游戏训练。结果发现:在一次性训练中,体感游戏中的运动强度而不是认知参与显著促进儿童执行功能,尤其是工作记忆;在长期干预中,体感游戏中的运动强度和认知参与显著促进儿童执行功能,且认知参与的促进效果大于运动强度。这项研究说明了长期体感游戏对儿童执行功能的益处,并且说明哪种体感游戏能够短期或长期促进儿童执行功能。

关键词: 体感游戏, 认知参与, 运动强度, 执行功能

Abstract: Executive Function, refers to advanced cognitive processes that control and regulate other cognitive processes, including working memory, inhibition control, and cognitive flexibility, as a high-level cognitive ability when completing complex cognitive tasks. Executive function is an important predictor of a child's physical and mental health, quality of life, school success, marital happiness, and public safety. Studies have shown that physical activity can improve children's executive function, such as mindfulness yoga, coordinated exercise, martial arts, exergame, and so on. Exergame is also a kind of physical activity, as a synthetic word, which is a combination of exercise and game and can be seen as physical activity for stimulating a more active whole body gaming experience. This study is to investigate the effects of physical intensity and cognitive engagement in exergame on promoting children's executive function immediately and long-term training. This study is intended to carry out 2 (high/low physical intensity) x 2(high/low cognitive engagement) x 3(measurement time: before/immediately/after training) mixed experimental design and 122 children aged 4-6 years were trained for six weeks. Among, the within-subjects variables were exercise physical and cognitive engagement, and the between-subjects variables were measurement time. The dependent variables were working memory, inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility. The results showed that physical intensity, rather than cognitive engagement in exergame significantly improved children's executive function, especially working memory after training immediately. In the long-term intervention, physical intensity and cognitive engagement in exergame significantly promoted children's executive function, and the promoting effect of cognitive engagement was greater than that of physical intensity. This study demonstrates the benefits of long term exergame training play on executive function in children and shows which kinds of exergame can improve executive function in children in the short or long term.

Key words: exergame, cognitive engagement, physical intensity, executive function