Please wait a minute...
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
新建群体中的自我监控者:一项基于大学新生寝室的追踪研究
胡琼晶1,路西2,3,张志学4
1. 北京大学 光华管理学院
2. 北京大学
3. 中国农业大学
4. 北京大学光华管理学院
Self-Monitors in New Groups: A Longitudinal Study Based on Freshmen Dorms
1.
2. China Agricultural University
3. Peking University
全文: PDF(0 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 自我监控是与人际互动密切相关的人格特质。在群体建立和发展的过程中,自我监控不仅影响个体的人际交往质量,同时也可能作用于群体内部的互动;并且,自我监控的作用可能随着群体的发展而发生动态变化。为探究上述设想,本研究针对32个大学新生寝室进行了一学期的跟踪调查。结果表明,在个体层面,个体自我监控水平促进群体成员对该个体的积极情感,并进而间接促进其在群体中的地位获取(个体地位和友谊网络中心度);在群体层面,群体自我监控水平促进群体成员间的凝聚力,并进而间接促进群体在合作中的绩效表现。此外,个体自我监控水平对他人积极情感的影响存在时间效应,具体而言,其正向效应随着群体发展得到一定程度的增强。本研究对自我监控理论以及地位等相关领域做出了一定的贡献。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
胡琼晶
路西
张志学
关键词 自我监控 个体地位 群体绩效 追踪研究    
Abstract:Self-monitoring is a personality that is closely related to interpersonal interaction. It describes the extent to which an individual is attentive to social cues, and accordingly regulates and adapts his/her own behaviors to achieve social appropriateness. In the process of group establishment and development, self-monitoring not only impacts the quality of an individual’s interpersonal relations, but may exert an influence on group interaction and inferiorly group outcome. However, prior studies have mainly focused on the effects of self-monitoring at the individual level but neglected its effects at the group level. Besides, considering the group dynamism, the effects of self-monitoring may unfold with the group developing. Nevertheless, prior studies have overlooked the role of time in explaining how self-monitoring impacts individuals as well as groups. To fill in the gaps, this research focuses on new groups, and adopts a dynamic perspective to explore the effects of self-monitoring at both individual and group levels. Specifically, at the individual level, we attempt to examine how self-monitoring affects the positive sentiments other group members hold toward an individual and consequently affects the individual’s status attainment within the group; at the group level, we attempt to examine how group-mean self-monitoring affects group cohesion and consequently affects the performance of the group. In the meanwhile, we aim to explore whether the effect of self-monitoring on positive sentiments changes over time, as well as whether the effect of group-mean self-monitoring on group cohesion changes over time. To test the hypotheses, we conducted a longitudinal study (three points in time) over a semester based on 32 freshmen dorms. The results showed that at the individual level, self-monitoring was positively related to positive sentiments other group members held toward the focal person, and self-monitoring had a positive indirect effect on the individual’s status attainment (indicated by status rating and friendship indegree centrality) via positive sentiments; at the group level, group-mean self-monitoring was positively related to group cohesion, and group-mean self-monitoring had a positive indirect effect on objective group performance in a collaboration task via group cohesion. Besides, we found that the positive effect of self-monitoring on group members’ positive sentiments toward the focal person increased over time (from Time 2 to Time 3). Taken together, this research makes several contributions to existing literatures. First, we contribute to the self-monitoring literature by exploring the effects of self-monitoring at both individual and group levels. Our findings reveal that high self-monitors will not only build high-quality interpersonal relationships for themselves, but collectively enhance group cohesion. Second, we introduce the role of time and adopt a dynamic perspective to study self-monitoring. In fact, interactions among group members change with the group developing over time, and therefore the effect of self-monitoring may alter as well. Introducing the dynamic perspective captures this trend and deepens our understanding of self-monitoring. Third, in addition to expected contribution as proposed by prior research on status, our study suggests positive sentiments other group members hold toward a person are also important determinants of the individual’s status attainment within the group.
Key wordsself-monitoring    individual status    group performance    longitudinal study
收稿日期: 2017-09-21      出版日期: 2018-06-22
基金资助:国家自然科学基金重点项目
通讯作者: 张志学   
引用本文:   
胡琼晶 路西 张志学. 新建群体中的自我监控者:一项基于大学新生寝室的追踪研究[J]. , .
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y/V/I/0
[1] 郭海英;陈丽华; 叶枝;潘瑾;林丹华. 流动儿童同伴侵害的特点及与内化问题的循环作用关系:一项追踪研究[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(3): 336-348.
[2] 周宵, 伍新春, 王文超, 田雨馨.  社会支持、创伤后应激障碍与创伤后成长之间的关系:来自雅安地震后小学生的追踪研究[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(11): 1428-1438.
[3] 赵英;程亚华;伍新春;阮氏芳. 汉语儿童语素意识与词汇知识的双向关系:一项追踪研究[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(11): 1434-1444.
[4] 梁宗保;张光珍;邓慧华;宋媛;郑文明. 学前儿童努力控制的发展轨迹与父母养育的关系:一项多水平分析[J]. 心理学报, 2013, 45(5): 556-567.
[5] 范方,耿富磊,张岚,朱清. 负性生活事件、社会支持和创伤后应激障碍症状:对汶川地震后青少年的追踪研究[J]. 心理学报, 2011, 43(12): 1398-1407.
[6] 胡金生,杨丽珠. 高低自我监控者在不同互动情境中的被洞悉错觉[J]. 心理学报, 2009, 41(01): 79-85.
[7] 宋广文,陈启山. 印象整饰对强迫服从后态度改变的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2003, 35(03): 397-403.
[8] 李峰,张德,张宇莲. 心理控制源与自我监控在预测中的交互作用[J]. 心理学报, 1992, 24(03): 39-44.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn