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心理学报
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自我信息识别优势——来自注意定向网络的证据
高虹1,李杨卓1,胡蝶2,朱敏1,高湘萍3
1. 上海师范大学
2. 上海师范大学教育学院心理系
3. 上海师范大学教务处
Cognitive Advantage for Self-information: Evidence from the Orienting Network of Attention
 
 
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摘要 本研究采用注意网络测验任务(attention network test, ANT),分别检验自我相关信息在注意的警觉、定向和执行控制网络上的加工效率差异,以揭示自我信息识别优势的注意机制。实验1考察了面孔类型(自我面孔或他人面孔)在三种注意网络下的加工效率差异;实验2采用自我联结学习范式对实验1进行验证;实验3将颜色类型(红色或绿色)作为目标刺激,面孔类型作为背景,以考察任务无关自我信息是否对注意网络加工效率有影响。研究结果发现,当自我信息为目标时,个体在注意定向网络上存在加工效率优势,而警觉和执行控制网络上没有加工效率差异。当自我相关信息与任务无关时,在注意的警觉、定向和执行控制网络中均未表现出加工效率优势。说明了自我信息的注意优势发生在注意定向网络上,且受任务优先性影响。
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高虹 李杨卓 胡蝶 朱敏 高湘萍
关键词 自我注意网络测验警觉定向执行控制    
Abstract:Though cognitive advantage for self-related information has been well established in a number of studies using various stimuli. However, the mechanism for this effect remains unclear. In order to understand the function of attention in cognitive advantage for self-information, this study used the attention network test (ANT) to evaluate the difference between self-related information with friends-related information from three terms about the attention function including alerting, orienting and executive control. In experiment 1, all participants completed a version that presented targer and flanker stimuli, the target array consisted of a central target stimulus and four flanker stimuli. Each target was preceded by one of four cue conditions: a center cue, a double cue, a spatial cue, or no cue. Participants were instructed to pay attention to the face in the middle and press whichever button matched the self-or friend-face. Results showed that participants had a stable advantage in processing self-face, and the efficiency of orienting on self-face was significantly larger than friend-face. In experiment 2, we used recent developed self-associated learning approach to exclude the interference of familiarity. The result was consistent with experiment 1, the self-referential shapes had advantages on the efficiency of orienting network. But no difference was found in the process of the other two shapes (friend-referential shapes and nonsocial-meaning shapes). It implied that the improvement of orienting network on self-information processing was not because of familiarity but the important meaning contained in self-information. In experiment 3, We found that when the task was to determine the color of the face, the processing priority on orienting network of self-face was disappeared. It indicated that the task requirement influenced the cognitive advantage for self-information on orienting network. The major findings of this study were summarized as the following three aspects: Firstly, in the three attention networks, orienting network showed the processing priority of self-information, and therefore played an important role in self-processing advantage. There was no special bias of alerting network or executive control network in self-information processing. Secondly, the task-directed orienting network influenced the presence or absence of self-processing advantage.
Key wordsself-related information    attention network test    alerting    orienting    executive control
收稿日期: 2017-10-17      出版日期: 2018-05-29
ZTFLH:     
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通讯作者: 高湘萍   
引用本文:   
高虹 李杨卓 胡蝶 朱敏 高湘萍. 自我信息识别优势——来自注意定向网络的证据[J]. 心理学报, .
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y0/V/I/0
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