Please wait a minute...
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
语义关联的注意捕获——来自线索化范式的证据
王慧媛1,隋洁2,3,张明4
1. 长春师范大学
2. 清华大学心理学系
3. Department of Psychology, University of Bath
4. 苏州大学心理学系
Attentional capture is contingent on attentional control setting for semantic Meaning: Evidence from modified spatial cueing paradigm
全文: PDF(0 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 采用线索化范式,操作性地建立线索和靶子的语义关联,考察语义关联对注意捕获的影响。实验1采用特征线索意义靶子的形式,建立某一特定语义水平的注意控制定势,发现线索靶子语义一致时线索捕获注意,线索靶子语义不一致时同样的线索失去捕获注意的能力。实验2随机呈现线索颜色和靶子汉字,建立两种语义概念的注意控制定势,发现所有的线索都出现了捕获效应,而不论其在某一具体试次中是否与靶子意义一致。实验3交换了线索与靶子的属性及概念,采用意义线索特征靶子的形式,结果与实验1一致。这些结果表明,(1)语义关联的注意捕获符合关联性的无意注意定向假说,刺激的捕获能力受当前的注意控制定势调节;(2)由语义概念激活的知觉表征在调节空间注意分配上与其自身相比形式相同,但程度有所下降;(3)知觉特征水平的注意控制定势能够激活与其相应的语义概念,使其吸引注意并调节空间注意分配;(4)知觉表征和语义概念的激活可能是双向的,激活后在指导注意转移上表现出相同的特性。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
王慧媛
隋洁
张明
关键词 语义关联注意捕获注意控制定势线索化范式    
Abstract:That attentional capture on attentional control settings for features was proved in a great amount of literature. However, whether and how semantic congruency between stimuli modulates spatial attention is poorly undertood. A recent study showed that participants could set semantics in attentional capture by congruent color cues (Wang, Zhang, & Sui, 2014; Goodhew, Kendall, Ferber, & Pratt, 2014). Here, we attempted to provide stricter experiment designs to verify pure contingent attentional capture for semantic meaning from feature attribute or semantic concept cues respectively, and investigate the nature of attentional control in human visual spatial performance further. A modified spatial cuing paradigm was employed in the current study. In Experiment 1, cues were red or green and targets were white Chinese character “红”(meaning red) or “绿” (meaning green). We had participants to discriminate the gap location of target square in different cue-target blocks. Experiment 2 was identical to Experiment 1 except that cue property and target character were randomized and the task was to discriminate the target “红”or “绿”. In Experiment 3, cues were white Chinese characters and targets were red or green. The participants remained to discriminate the gap location of target color square in different cue-target blocks. The results showed that semantic congruent color cues exclusively captured attention when participants were required to search for a specific semantic meaning (Experiment 1), while cuing effects were found in the two color cue conditions when participants were required to discriminate for two Chinese characters, and the effect was independent of the semantic congruency of cue and target (Experiment 2). Likewise, the cues with semantic congruent Chinese character captured attention only when participants were required to search for a specific color in Experiment 3. There were comparable cuing effects across the three experiments. It is concluded that (1) semantic attentional capture is consistent with contingent attentional orienting hypothesis, and the capture effects are modulated by current attentional control setting, (2) perceptional representation activated by semantic concept modulates the location of spatial attention as itself, but the magnitude of the effect is declined, (3) the congruent semantic concept can be activated by attentional control setting for perceptional feature, and subsequently modulates the allocation of attention, (4) activation of semantic concept by perceptional representation may be bidirectional, and resembles each other in traits of attention shift guidance.
Key wordssemantic congruency    attentional capturel    attentional control setting    modified spatial cuing paradigm
收稿日期: 2017-10-12      出版日期: 2018-05-18
通讯作者: 张明   
引用本文:   
王慧媛 隋洁 张明. 语义关联的注意捕获——来自线索化范式的证据[J]. , .
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y/V/I/0
[1] 李毕琴, 李玲, 王爱君, 张明.  言语工作记忆内容在语义水平的注意捕获[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(5): 483-493.
[2] 刘丽;白学军. 注意控制定势和线索类型在注意捕获中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(9): 1093-1104.
[3] 王慧媛; 隋洁; 张明. 线索靶子关联和搜索策略对注意捕获的作用 ——来自意义线索的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(7): 783-793.
[4] 白学军; 刘丽; 宋娟; 郭志英. 特征和位置信息在价值驱动注意捕获中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(11): 1357-1369.
[5] 胡艳梅;张明. 基于记忆的注意捕获和注意抑制效应:ERP证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(1): 12-21.
[6] 吴诗玉;马拯. 二语词汇阅读的跨语言语音干扰:语义关联判断任务的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(11): 1318-1327.
[7] 张微;周兵平;臧玲;莫书亮. 网络成瘾倾向者在视觉工作记忆引导下的注意捕获[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(10): 1223-1234.
[8] 王慧媛;张明;隋洁. 线索靶子关联和搜索策略对注意捕获的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(2): 185-195.
[9] 刘丽;李运;李力红;白学军. 自上而下的注意控制定势在注意捕获中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(10): 1442-1453.
[10] 胡中华,赵光,刘强,李红. 视觉搜索任务中直视探测优势的眼动研究[J]. 心理学报, 2012, 44(4): 435-445.
[11] 魏萍;康冠兰. 注意捕获效应受知觉负载及目标与干扰项距离的共同影响[J]. 心理学报, 2012, 44(11): 1454-1462.
[12] 张庆,张杰栋,胡思源,刘嘉. 不受知觉负载调节的注意捕获效应:生态信息的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2011, 43(11): 1229-1238.
[13] 梁华,陈湘川,张达人. 不同注意负载条件下刺激驱动的注意捕获[J]. 心理学报, 2004, 36(01): 31-36.
[14] 罗琳,韩布新. 支持性条件对记忆年龄差异的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2001, 33(05): 22-26.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn