Abstract：Problem lottery playing has received increasing attention nowadays. Previous studies revealed that lottery-specific beliefs, such as lottery attitudes, risk perception, and irrational belief, played a significant role in the development and maintenance of problem lottery playing which were mostly based on social-cognitive theory or theory of planned behavior. Few studies have investigated the relation between general fate control belief and problem lottery playing, particularly the potential meaning maintenance mechanism. Fate control, as an important general belief, provides an account of our experiences and is also a form of meaning. Drawing on the meaning maintenance model perspective, this study aimed to examine the influence mechanism of fate control on problem lottery playing, and the mediating role of avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy.
The present sample comprised 2352 sport lottery players (1626 male, 726 female) recruited from various cities in china. Participations in the study were voluntary and reward was provided after they finished. Problem lottery playing severity index, fate control, avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy were measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 and Mplus 7.0 which was specifically developed for assessing the complex models with the bias-corrected percentile Bootstrap method.
Results showed that fate control was positively related to avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy; avoidance motivation was positively related to illusion of control, expectancy, and problem lottery playing; problem lottery playing was positively related to illusion of control, and expectancy. Avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy could fully mediated the relation between fate control and problem lottery playing through five path: the mediating role of avoidance motivation, the mediating role of illusion of control, the mediating role of expectancy, the chain mediating role of avoidance motivation and illusion of control, the chain mediating role of avoidance motivation and expectancy.
The present study offers following major contributions. First, we investigate the effects of fate control on avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy, which support the negative side of fate control. Second, the present study explores the meaning maintenance mechanism of fate control on problem lottery playing by identifying the central role of avoidance motivation based on meaning maintenance model, which broadens the research perspectives of problem lottery playing. Third, this study reveals that general fate control belief can also indirectly facilitates problem lottery playing through lottery-specific beliefs. Our findings suggest that problem lottery players’ prevention and treatment programs should attention the role of emotion managing and general belief.