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彩民命运控制与问题购彩的关系:基于意义维持模型的视角
胡月1,王斌2,马红宇3,李改2
1. 华中师范大学体育学院
2. 华中师范大学
3. 华中师范大学心理学院
Fate control and problem lottery playing: Meaning maintenance perspective
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摘要 中国彩民在购彩过程中表现出更多的命运控制信念,但是命运控制对我国彩民问题购彩的影响及其作用机制少有研究涉及。在意义维持模型的视角下,本研究构建了一个多重中介模型,考察命运控制对问题购彩的影响以及逃避动机、控制幻觉和预期在其中的作用机制。本研究采用问卷法对2352名体育彩民进行调查,结果发现:(1)命运控制对逃避动机、控制幻觉和预期具有显著的正向影响;(2)命运控制可以通过5条路径的间接作用影响彩民的问题购彩:逃避动机的中介作用,控制幻觉的中介作用,期望偏差的中介作用,逃避动机和控制幻觉的序列中介作用,逃避动机和期望偏差的序列中介作用。
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胡月
王斌
马红宇
李改
关键词 问题购彩命运控制逃避动机控制幻觉预期    
Abstract:Problem lottery playing has received increasing attention nowadays. Previous studies revealed that lottery-specific beliefs, such as lottery attitudes, risk perception, and irrational belief, played a significant role in the development and maintenance of problem lottery playing which were mostly based on social-cognitive theory or theory of planned behavior. Few studies have investigated the relation between general fate control belief and problem lottery playing, particularly the potential meaning maintenance mechanism. Fate control, as an important general belief, provides an account of our experiences and is also a form of meaning. Drawing on the meaning maintenance model perspective, this study aimed to examine the influence mechanism of fate control on problem lottery playing, and the mediating role of avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy. The present sample comprised 2352 sport lottery players (1626 male, 726 female) recruited from various cities in china. Participations in the study were voluntary and reward was provided after they finished. Problem lottery playing severity index, fate control, avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy were measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 and Mplus 7.0 which was specifically developed for assessing the complex models with the bias-corrected percentile Bootstrap method. Results showed that fate control was positively related to avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy; avoidance motivation was positively related to illusion of control, expectancy, and problem lottery playing; problem lottery playing was positively related to illusion of control, and expectancy. Avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy could fully mediated the relation between fate control and problem lottery playing through five path: the mediating role of avoidance motivation, the mediating role of illusion of control, the mediating role of expectancy, the chain mediating role of avoidance motivation and illusion of control, the chain mediating role of avoidance motivation and expectancy. The present study offers following major contributions. First, we investigate the effects of fate control on avoidance motivation, illusion of control, and expectancy, which support the negative side of fate control. Second, the present study explores the meaning maintenance mechanism of fate control on problem lottery playing by identifying the central role of avoidance motivation based on meaning maintenance model, which broadens the research perspectives of problem lottery playing. Third, this study reveals that general fate control belief can also indirectly facilitates problem lottery playing through lottery-specific beliefs. Our findings suggest that problem lottery players’ prevention and treatment programs should attention the role of emotion managing and general belief.
Key wordsproblem lottery playing    fate control    avoidance motivation    illusion of control    expectancy
收稿日期: 2017-09-08      出版日期: 2018-01-08
基金资助:公共健康视角下体育彩民购彩风险—保护因素模型的构建与应用研究;我国体育彩民公共健康风险评价、形成机制与管理实践研究
通讯作者: 王斌   
引用本文:   
胡月 王斌 马红宇 李改. 彩民命运控制与问题购彩的关系:基于意义维持模型的视角[J]. , .
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y/V/I/0
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