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老年人对夫妻间负性事件的认知性情绪调节策略及其与婚姻满意度的关系:交叉滞后分析
叶婉青1,李晓彤2,王大华3
1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究院
2. 北京市石景山区古城第二小学
3. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所
The cognitive emotion regulation for negative events among older couples and its relationship with marital satisfaction: a Cross-lagged Analysis
1. Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University
2. Gucheng No.2 Primary School of Shijingshan District, Beijing
3.
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摘要 采用问卷法对60岁以上的老年夫妻进行间隔两年的重复测量,探讨在夫妻关系内负性事件发生时个体使用的认知性情绪调节策略的情绪适应性特点及其与婚姻满意度的关系。共收集两次数据,第一期有效被试为615名,平均年龄67.48岁(SD=5.08);第二期数据在间隔两年之后收集,共追踪到有效被试352名,平均年龄66.88岁(SD=4.95)。采用第一期数据分析认知性情绪调节策略的情绪适应性特点,回归分析显示接受、灾难化、沉思和理性分析策略的使用能显著正向预测抑郁和焦虑情绪。采用两期的追踪数据做交叉滞后分析,结果显示前期的婚姻满意度可以预测两年后的他责、沉思策略的使用,婚姻满意度越高的个体在两年后会更少使用他责和沉思策略,而前期的认知性情绪调节策略对两年后的婚姻满意度无显著预测作用。
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叶婉青
李晓彤
王大华
关键词 认知性情绪调节婚姻满意度老年夫妻交叉滞后分析    
Abstract:When people face negative events, emotion regulation is an important factor that can influence people’s adaptive results. There are different definitions and theories of emotion regulation, but all the theories have involved the cognitive components. Because of the decline in health and sense of control and the lack of coping resources, older people tend to use more cognitive emotion regulation rather than behavioral emotion regulation during stressful events. Cognitive emotion regulation refers to the conscious and cognitive way of managing the intake of emotionally arousing information and dealing with stress, which is very important for older adults. In this study, we chose the negative events in marriage as the stress situation, and tested the adaptability of cognitive emotion regulation strategies by using the depression and anxiety as emotional adaptive variables. Besides, we used the Cross-Lagged Regression Analysis to explore the causal link between the marital satisfaction and cognitive emotion regulation strategies. We assumed that marital satisfaction is the result of cognitive emotion regulation strategies. There were 615 old adults with an average age of 67.48 (SD=5.08)who participated at the first time of investigation, 352 of whom assessed twice across 2 years. The measures included Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Garnefski, Kraaij, & Spinhoven, 2001), Marital Satisfaction subscale (Olson, Fournier, & Druckman, 1983), 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (Burke, Roccaforte, & Wengel, 1991), 20-item Geriatric Anxiety Scale (Pachana et al, 2007) , demographic measures, cognitive abilities tests and quetionnaire of negative events in life. The SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. The main findings were as follows: (1) the cognitive emotion regulation strategies including rumination, catastrophizing, acceptance, and putting into perspective positively predicted depression or anxiety among older adults; (2) the cognitive emotion regulation strategies at the first wave couldn’t predict marital satisfaction at the second wave, while marital satisfaction at the first wave could predict the blaming others and rumination at the second wave. The individuals who had lower marital satisfaction tended to use more strategies of blaming others and rumination. This results indicated that when facing negative events in marriage, acceptance, rumination, putting into perspective, and catastrophizing would cause depression or anxiety for older adults. This results partly reflected the age specificity, since acceptance and putting into perspective are adaptive strategies for younger people. Besides, the prediction of marital satisfaction on cognitive emotion regulation strategies might imply that marital satisfaction are more stable than cognitive emotion regulation strategies for older couples.
Key wordscognitive emotion regulation    marital satisfaction    older couples    Cross-Lagged Analysis
收稿日期: 2017-02-09      出版日期: 2018-01-08
ZTFLH:  B844  
基金资助:老年人夫妻依恋稳定性的研究
通讯作者: 王大华   
引用本文:   
叶婉青 李晓彤 王大华. 老年人对夫妻间负性事件的认知性情绪调节策略及其与婚姻满意度的关系:交叉滞后分析[J]. , .
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y/V/I/0
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