Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
相貌负面身体自我女性对相貌词的注意偏向眼动的证据
寇慧1;苏艳华1;罗小春1;陈红1,2
(1西南大学心理学部; 2西南大学认知与人格教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400715)
Attentional Bias Toward Face-related Words Among Females with Facial Negative Physical Self: Evidence from An Eye-movement Study
KOU Hui1; SU Yanhua1; LUO Xiaochun1; CHEN Hong1,2
(1 School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
(2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
全文: PDF(371 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

采用改进的点探测范式并结合眼动技术, 以相貌词(积极和消极)为刺激材料, 实验中积极相貌词?中性词、消极相貌词?中性词、积极相貌词?消极相貌词以及中性词?中性词配对呈现, 考察了相貌负面身体自我女性对相貌词的注意偏向及其时间进程。眼动数据的结果发现, 在积极相貌词?中性词和消极相貌词?中性词条件下, 与控制组相比, 相貌负面身体自我女性的首视点更频繁地指向消极相貌词, 对消极相貌词探测速度更快, 并且首视点维持在此类词语上的时间更长, 但未发现总体的注视时间偏向; 与积极相貌相比较, 相貌负面身体自我女性呈现与上述相同的结果, 此时的注意模式为警觉?脱离困难。此外, 相貌负面身体自我的女性还表现出对积极相貌词的减速探测偏向。行为证据进一步显示, 相貌负面身体自我女性对消极相貌词存在注意脱离困难。在积极相貌词?消极相貌词配对条件下, 相貌负面身体自我女性对消极相貌词也表现出注意脱离困难。以上结果表明, 相貌负面身体自我女性对消极相貌词表现出警觉?脱离困难的注意偏向。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
寇慧
苏艳华
罗小春
陈红
关键词 相貌负面身体自我女性注意偏向相貌词眼动    
Abstract

 Previous studies found cognitive bias toward body-related information among individuals with fat negative physical self. However, little is known about the cognitive bias toward face-related information among individuals with facial negative physical self (FNPS).

The current study aimed to investigate the attentional bias towards face-related words among females with FNPS. A modified dot probe paradigm was adopted. In the experiment, we used positive and negative face-related words as stimuli. A pair of words was presented in each trial. There were totally four types of word pairing conditions: positive face-related word-neutral word condition (PosNeu), negative face-related word-neutral word condition (NegNeu), positive face-related word-negative face-related word condition (PosNeg), and neutral word -neutral word condition (NeuNeu). We recorded the eye-movement while subjects were viewing the words.
In NegNeu condition, we found that, compared to controls, females with FNPS were more frequently and faster to direct their initial gazes to negative face-related words. Furthermore, they also showed a longer fixation on the negative word. However, the total gaze durations on both types of words were not significantly different. These results implied an attention vigilance-maintenance pattern for negative face-related words. In contrary, females with FNPS showed a slower rate to direct their gazes to positive words in PosNeu condition. Consistently, in PosNeg condition, females with FNPS showed the same attentional bias toward negative face-related words compared to positive face-related words. Furthermore, behavioral results showed that females with FNPS had difficulty in attention disengagement from negative face-related words, which were evident in both NegNeu and PosNeg condition.

In conclusion, our results demonstrated that females with FNPS had an attention vigilance-maintenance pattern toward negative face-related words.

Key wordsfemales with facial negative physical self    attentional bias    face-related words    eye-movement
收稿日期: 2015-01-22      出版日期: 2015-10-25
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(31170981), 国家社会科学基金西部项目资助(12XSH018), 研究生创新基金优博项目资助(kb201101)。

通讯作者: 陈红, E-mail: chenhg@swu.edu.cn   
引用本文:   
寇慧;苏艳华;罗小春;陈红. 相貌负面身体自我女性对相貌词的注意偏向眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01213.
KOU Hui; SU Yanhua; LUO Xiaochun; CHEN Hong. Attentional Bias Toward Face-related Words Among Females with Facial Negative Physical Self: Evidence from An Eye-movement Study. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(10): 1213-1222.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01213      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2015/V47/I10/1213
[1] 白学军;高晓雷;高蕾;王永胜. 藏语阅读知觉广度的眼动研究[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(5): 569-576.
[2] 梁菲菲;王永胜;杨文;白学军. 阅读水平调节儿童阅读眼动注视模式的发展:基于9~11岁儿童的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(4): 450-459.
[3] 孙俊才; 石荣. 哭泣表情面孔的注意偏向:眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(2): 155-163.
[4] 刘志方;张智君;杨桂芳. 中文阅读中的字词激活模式:来自提示词边界延时效应的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(9): 1082-1092.
[5] 苏衡;刘志方;曹立人. 中文阅读预视加工中的词频和预测性效应及其对词切分的启示:基于眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(6): 625-636.
[6] 王福兴;侯秀娟;段朝辉;刘华山;李卉. 中国象棋经验棋手与新手的知觉差异:来自眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(5): 457-471.
[7] 王福兴;李文静;颜志强;段朝辉;李卉. 幼儿对威胁性刺激蛇的注意觉察:来自眼动证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(6): 774-786.
[8] 闫国利;刘妮娜;梁菲菲;刘志方;白学军. 中文读者词汇视觉信息获取速度的发展 ——来自消失文本的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(3): 300-318.
[9] 王福兴;段朝辉;周宗奎;陈珺. 邻近效应对多媒体学习中图文整合的影响:线索的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 224-233.
[10] 陈双;陈黎静;杨晓虹;杨玉芳. 语篇背景在语义整合中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 167-175.
[11] 陈洁彬;鲁忠义. 路径转弯对语篇空间情境模型建构的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 176-189.
[12] 白学军;王永胜;郭志英;高晓雷;闫国利. 汉语阅读中词N+2的预视对高频词N+1 加工影响的眼动研究[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 143-156.
[13] 徐建平;陈基越;张伟;李文雅;盛毓. 应聘者在人格测验中作假的反应过程:基于工作赞许性的眼动证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(11): 1395-1404.
[14] 汪海彬;卢家楣;姚本先;桑青松;陈宁;唐晓晨. 职前教师情绪复杂性对情绪面孔加工的影响 ——来自行为、ERP和眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(1): 50-65.
[15] 迟慧;闫国利;许晓露;夏萤;崔磊;白学军. 声旁语音信息对形声字加工的影响——来自眼动研究的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(9): 1242-1260.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn