marital attachment,general attachment, Oder Adults&rsquo,Marital Attachment Scale, attachment style, older adults
marital attachment, general attachment, Oder Adults&rsquo,Marital Attachment Scale, attachment style, older adults
marital attachment,general attachment,Oder Adults&rsquo,Marital Attachment Scale,attachment style,older adults
,"/> 老年人夫妻依恋的测量及与一般依恋的关系
Please wait a minute...
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
王大华1;杨小洋2;王岩1;Richard B. Miller3
(1北京师范大学发展心理研究所, 北京 100875) (2中山大学心理学系, 广州 510275)
(3 Brigham Young University, Utah, USA)
The Assessment of Marital Attachment and Its Relationship with General Attachment among Older Adults
WANG Dahua1; YANG Xiaoyang2; WANG Yan1; Richard B. Miller3
(1 Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
(2 Department of Psychology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China) (3 Brigham Young University, Utah, USA)
全文: PDF(476 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

通过对697名60岁以上、配偶健在的老年人进行调查, 对《老年人夫妻依恋问卷》进行修订及信效度的检验, 并应用该问卷对老年人的夫妻依恋风格进行划分, 考察夫妻依恋风格与一般依恋之间的吻合程度。结果显示修订后的《老年人夫妻依恋问卷》具有稳定的三维度结构以及良好的信效度; 聚类分析显示老年人夫妻依恋以安全型和专注型为主, 而一般依恋以安全型和冷漠型居多。在老年人中仅有39.9%的个体具有相同类型的夫妻依恋与一般依恋, 呈现出较低的一致性。

E-mail Alert
Richard B. Miller
关键词 夫妻依恋一般依恋 老年人夫妻依恋问卷 依恋风格 老年    


According to attachment theory, during interactions with their caregivers infants build their “internal working models”, which shape their perception and reflection of social information in their future life. Collins and Read (1994) propose a hierarchical model to illustrate adults’ multiple attachment models and the differences between the general attachment model and the relationship-specific attachment model. Because marital relationships play an important role in later life, an investigation of older adults’ marital attachment and its relationship with the general attachment formed during childhood would increase the understanding of life-span development of attachment. The Older Adults’ Marital Attachment Scale (OAMAS) was recently developed targeting both the specific relationship, as well as the specific age period, and the developers have demonstrated its applicability. However, more evidence is needed using different samples to prove its reliability and validity. As a result, the current study aimed, firstly, at validating the scale, and, secondly, at investigating the association between marital attachment and general attachment among older adults.
A total of 697 older adults, over 60 years old, dwelling in communities in Beijing participated in the current study. The participants completed the Older Adults’ Marital Attachment Scale (Zhai, et al., 2010), Relationship Questionnaire (Bartholomew &Horowitz, 1991), Marital Satisfaction subscale (Olson, Fournier, & Druckman, 1983), 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (Burke, Roccaforte, & Wengel, 1991) and the Clock Drawing Test. After 86 of them with either dementia or depression were excluded, the final valid sample size was 611 participants. The cases were divided randomly into two subsets, one for exploratory factor analysis, and the other for confirmatory factor analysis. Cluster analysis and cross-tab analysis were then conducted on the total data. The SPSS 17.0 and Mplus 7.0 were used for analysis.
The main findings were as follows: (1) the final 15-item revised OAMAS showed a three-dimensional construct of attachment, namely anxiety, avoidance, and security; (2) the revised OAMAS exhibited acceptable reliability and good criterion-related validity; (3) the older adults’ marital attachment could be clustered into four types, including secure, preoccupied, dismissing, and fearful. The secure and the preoccupied comprised the major marital attachment style with 43.9% and 22.9%, respectively; (4) with regard to general attachment, the majority included the secure and dismissing types; and (5) about 39.9% of the total sample presented identical attachment types between marital relationship and general relationship.

These results indicated that the three dimensioned Older Adults’ Marital Attachment Scale could be a desired measure in studies concerning marital attachment among older adults. In addition, general attachment shaped in early life might not robustly predict the specified attachment in such as marital relationship. From a developmental viewpoint, the moderate consistency between marital and general attachment styles in later life also suggested that the attachment is a contextual property, instead of a stable trait.

Key wordsmarital attachment')" href="#">   
收稿日期: 2014-05-12      出版日期: 2015-09-25


通讯作者: 王大华, E-mail:   
王大华;杨小洋;王岩;Richard B. Miller. 老年人夫妻依恋的测量及与一般依恋的关系[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01133.
WANG Dahua; YANG Xiaoyang; WANG Yan; Richard B. Miller. The Assessment of Marital Attachment and Its Relationship with General Attachment among Older Adults. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(9): 1133-1142.
链接本文:      或
[1] 张奇林;周艺梦. 中国城镇低龄退休老年人工作与幸福感的关系[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(4): 472-481.
[2] 李彩娜;孙颖;拓瑞;刘佳. 安全依恋对人际信任的影响:依恋焦虑的调节效应[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(8): 989-1001.
[3] 周爱保;刘沛汝;张彦驰;尹玉龙. 老年人的朋友参照效应[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(9): 1143-1151.
[4] 陈栩茜;张积家;朱云霞. 言语产生老化中的抑制损伤:来自不同任务的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(3): 329-343.
[5] 肖红蕊;龚先旻;王大华. 老年人错误记忆的情绪效价和时间效应[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(7): 922-930.
[6] 刘英杰;魏萍;丁锦红;郭春彦. 内隐重复效应影响外显工作记忆的年龄差异[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(3): 321-330.
[7] 任娜,佐斌,侯飞翔,汪国驹. 情境效应或自动化加工:大学生对老年人的内隐态度[J]. , 2012, 44(6): 777-788.
[8] 王大华,黄一帆,彭华茂,陈晓敏. 老年人加工速度的干预研究[J]. , 2012, 44(4): 469-477.
[9] Shu-Chen Li, Martin Lö,vdén, Sabine Schaefer, Florian Schmiedek, Yee Lee Shing, Markus Werkle-Bergner, and Ulman Lindenberger. 马普人类发展研究所毕生发展心理研究中心:研究主题和研究活动展示[J]. , 2009, 41(11): 1102-1122.
[10] 谢宁,王程,吴艳红. 抑制控制能力衰退对知觉组织老年化的影响[J]. , 2009, 41(05): 424-432.
[11] 王大华,佟雁,周丽清,申继亮. 亲子支持对老年人主观幸福感的影响机制[J]. , 2004, 36(01): 78-82.
[12] 李德明,刘昌,陈天勇,李贵芸. 加工速度和工作记忆在认知年老化过程中的作用[J]. , 2003, 35(04): 471-475.
[13] 张卫东. 老年人特殊生活事件的应对意向与情境性应对[J]. , 1998, 30(04): 401-408.
[14] 李德明,孙福立,焦艳. 额区脑波年老化特点及其与某些认知能力的相关性[J]. , 1996, 28(01): 76-81.
[15] 李德明,孙福立,李贵芸,焦艳,卫星,严亦蔼. 教育因素对认知功能年老化过程的影响[J]. , 1995, 27(02): 219-224.
Full text



版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持