ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (03): 46-54.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

三国四城市小学儿童数学成绩的比较研究——跨文化研究之一

方格;佟乐泉;刘范   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-09-25 发布日期:1988-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 方格

CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON OF MATHEMATICAL ACHIEVEMENTS OF CHILDREN FROM CHINA, JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Fang Ge;Tong Le-quan;Liu Fan Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica, Beijing   

  • Online:1988-09-25 Published:1988-09-25

摘要: 本研究是中国科学院心理研究所和美国密西根大学的协作项目。数学团体测验是整体研究项目的一部分。这一研究的目的是比较在不同文化背景下北京(中)、芝加哥(美)、仙台(日)和台北(中)小学儿童的数学成绩。其结果表明:亚洲学生的成绩显著高于美国儿童的成绩。我们试将美国教材同其它国家的教材进行比较,已初步看出,教材讲授的时间可能是影响中国儿童成绩的重要因素之一。学生的学习态度可能是影响儿童成绩的另一因素。其它方面如家庭条件、母亲的观念、教师的教学风格以及课堂的组织形式都可能影响儿童的学习成绩。我们对此将陆续提出报告。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: This work was conducted cooperatively by the Institute of Psychologyof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the University of Michiganin the United States. The group maths test was part of a larger study,The purpose of this preliminary study was to compare the mathematicalachievents between children in Beijing, Chicago, Sendai (Japan) and Taibei(Taiwan). The results indicate that Asian students get higher scores thantheir American counterparts. We tried to compare American textbooks with those of other countries.Teaching time seems to be an important factor affecting Chinese child-ren's performance. Their attitude toward study might be another factor.Other factors such as family condition, teachers' style, mothers' conceptand the way the class is conducted also influence the level of their achieve-ment. All of these factors are being analysed and the results will bereported later.

Key words: NULL