ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (06): 715-726.

• • 上一篇    

广告干预对消费者品牌态度和信任的影响

袁登华;罗嗣明;付春江;谢应勤   

  1. (1广东外语外贸大学国际工商管理学院, 广州 510006) (2江西师范大学心理学院, 南昌 330027)
  • 收稿日期:2009-08-06 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2010-06-30 发布日期:2010-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 袁登华

Impact of Advertising Intervention on Consumer’s Brand Attitude and Trust

YUAN Deng-Hua;LUO Si-Ming;FU Chun-Jiang;XIE Ying-Qin   

  1. (1 School of Management, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China)
    (2 School of Psychology of Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330027, China)
  • Received:2009-08-06 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2010-06-30 Published:2010-06-30
  • Contact: YUAN Deng-Hua

摘要: 为了探讨广告干预对危机品牌的消费者品牌态度和信任的影响, 采用实验组与控制组对照的前测后测设计, 其中实验组采用2×2因素型被试间实验设计。结果表明: 广告干预对被试的内隐品牌态度发生了一定程度的影响, 对被试的外显品牌态度和品牌信任则发生了很大程度的影响; 高渗透广告相较于低渗透广告能驱使消费者对危机品牌产生更为正向的外显品牌态度; 理性诉求广告相较于感性诉求广告能驱使消费者对危机品牌产生更为正向的外显品牌态度; 广告的渗透程度和诉求方式对内隐品牌态度的影响存在交互作用; 品牌信任受双重态度驱动。

关键词: 危机品牌, 广告干预, 品牌态度, 品牌信任

Abstract: To counter the negative effects of a product-harm crisis, brands hope to capitalize on their equity, and often use advertising as a communication device to regain customers’ lost trust. We study how advertising influences consumers’ brand attitude and brand trust for crisis brand. Most theories assume that the new attitude replaces the former one; but some scholars argue that a new attitude can override, but not replace, the old one, resulting in dual attitudes. They suggest two different evaluations of the same attitude toward the object: an implicit attitude and an explicit attitude. Based on the Dual-Attitude Model, we proposed the research hypotheses that the advertising appeal mode and the advertising penetrating degree would influence consumer’s implicit brand attitude and explicit brand attitude differently; the brand attitude would affect the brand trust.
Random sampling and intentional sampling were used with a group of university students, all of whom knew which was the noncrisis milk brand and which milk brand had been affected by the Melamine Events. The sample included 200 students who represented the consumer. They were assigned randomly either to the experimental groups or control group. The sample excluded subjects who omitted items in the explicit brand attitude and brand trust questionnaire and had an error rate of IAT equal to or higher than 20%. All analyses reported here involve the remaining 158 participants. The advertising interventions were used in the experimental groups, but not in the control group. A pretest-posttest design was used for both experimental group and control group. A 2×2 factorial between-subjects design was implemented within the experimental groups. Techniques included in the SPSS statistical package were to analyze the responses of the subjects to the questionnaire and the IAT, specifically ANOVA, and Multiple Regression Analysis.
The results of the experiments indicated the following: (a) In the Melamine Events context, the negative implicit attitude to the crisis brand and the positive implicit attitude to the high quality brand were formed by subjects; (b) In some senses, a positive impact on consumer’s implicit brand attitude was made by the advertising intervention, however, a significant impact on consumer’s explicit brand attitude and brand trust was made; (c) Higher positive explicit attitude to crisis brand would be more driven by the high penetrating advertising than by the low penetrating advertising, also, it would be driven more by rational appeal advertising than by emotional appeal advertising. (d) There is an interaction on implicit brand attitude between the advertising penetrating degree and the mode of advertising appeal. (e) Brand trust would be driven by the dual brand attitudes.
Base on this study, we suggested the managers of companies that they should use advertising intervention to change consumer’s attitude to the crisis brand reasonably, they should pay attention not only to the explicit brand attitude but also to the implicit brand attitude. Meanwhile, the study suggested that brand managers should master techniques of advertising according to the psychological rules of the consumer.

Key words: crisis brand, advertising intervention, brand attitude, brand trust