ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (01): 93-100.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

儿童2~4岁行为抑制的稳定性

王争艳,陈会昌,陈欣银   

  1. 首都师范大学教科院心理学系,北京 100037;北京师范大学发展心理研究所,北京 100875;加拿大西安大略大学心理学系
  • 收稿日期:2002-02-23 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2003-01-30 发布日期:2003-01-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈会昌

THE STABILITY OF CHILDREN’S BEHAVIORAL INHIBITION: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY FROM TWO TO FOUR YEARS OF AGE

Wang Zhengyan,Chen Huichang,Chen Xinyin   

  1. 1 Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100037;2Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875
  • Received:2002-02-23 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2003-01-30 Published:2003-01-30
  • Contact: Chen Huichang

摘要: 采用实验室观察法研究了儿童行为抑制性发展的稳定性特征。被试为追踪样本,随机选取北京市124名儿童,经家长同意参加本项追踪项目。2岁时,有124名儿童参加本实验,在不同的陌生情景下对儿童行为进行录像观察,每次一对儿童和母亲。4岁时,有103名儿童参加实验室观察,21名儿童由于搬迁、失约或中途退出而没有数据;在观察室,每次邀请四名过完四岁生日不久的同龄、同性别、但父母评价害羞程度不同的、彼此陌生的儿童同时来到实验室作观察。结果表明:就整体而言,儿童在2岁时的行为抑制性特征与其4岁时的行为抑制性特征相关显著,但稳定性程度较低(0.294);通过对极端组和非极端组儿童的行为抑制性的稳定程度的比较发现,极端组儿童,无论是极端非抑制儿童还是极端抑制儿童,其行为特征的保持程度要好于非极端组;对儿童4岁时行为抑制性的性别差异检验虽然没有达到显著性水平(t= -1.776, p=0.079),但男孩总体上有非抑制性倾向(抑制性的平均分数为-0.2420),女孩有抑制性倾向(女孩的平均抑制性分数为0.2035)

关键词: 行为抑制性, 极端组, 非极端组, 稳定性

Abstract: The present longitudinal study assessed and compared children's inhibition stability from two years to four years of age and examined the gender difference on development. Ss were from longitudinal sample in Beijing, China, 124 toddlers (2-year-old) and 103 Children (4-year-old), 21 children at 4 years dropped out because of moving, stopping cooperation, and other reasons. The study sample was children who both participated in the 2 year and 4 year observation. Children’s behavioral inhibition was rated from the Strange Situation at 2 and 4 years. Results showed that individual differences of behavioral inhibition were stable over the 2 years of the study (0.294). Compared to non-extreme group, the preservation of extreme children’s behaviors was more stable. There was no significant sex difference between boys and girls(t= -1.776, p=0.079), but the result suggested that boys may keep uninhibited developmental trend and girls may keep inhibited developmental trend

Key words: behavioral inhibition, extreme group, non-extreme group, and stability

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