ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (01): 84-88.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

在家庭自由游戏和智力任务游戏中母亲对孩子的态度特征

陈会昌,侯静,陈欣银   

  1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所,北京 100875;加拿大西安大略大学心理系
  • 收稿日期:2002-05-24 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2003-01-30 发布日期:2003-01-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈会昌

MOTHER’S ATTITUDES TO THEIR CHILD IN FAMILY FREE-PLAY AND INTELLIGENCE-TASK-ORIENTED PLAY

Chen Huichang,Chen Xinyin,Hou Jin,   

  1. University of Western Ontario, Canad
  • Received:2002-05-24 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2003-01-30 Published:2003-01-30
  • Contact: Chen Huichang

摘要: 采用家庭观察的方法,考察了61名3~4岁儿童在家庭环境中的两个情境——自由游戏和带有智力任务倾向的拼图游戏中,其母亲对他们的态度和行为的特征,结果发现:(1)母亲在2种类型的游戏中对待孩子的态度和行为可以从母亲对孩子的控制性(高控、低控)、温暖性(接受和拒绝)、言语交流和参与性4个维度做出评价。(2) 当儿童的游戏从自由游戏转为带有智力任务倾向的游戏时,母亲对待孩子的态度和行为方式发生明显变化,直接要求、提问等高控行为增多,互相商量等低控行为减少;对孩子的拒绝行为和态度增强,而肯定、爱抚、积极情绪等接受行为减少;与孩子的言语交流和参与行为减少。(3)在上述2种游戏情境中,母亲对待孩子的态度表现出个别差异,在自由游戏情境中,42.6%的母亲为宽松型,32.8%的母亲为温暖型,24.6%的母亲为交流型。在带有智力任务倾向的游戏中,54%的母亲为宽松型,23%的母亲为低控型,23%的母亲为高控型

关键词: 家庭观察, 自由游戏, 任务倾向游戏, 母亲的态度

Abstract: In the present study 61 mothers’ attitudes and behaviors to their child in family free play and intelligence-task-oriented play had been observed by using videotaped observation. Mothers’ behaviors were coded through four dimensions: control behaviors, warmth, speech communication, and involvement. Results showed that when the child’s play transmitted from free play to intelligence-task-oriented play, the mothers’ attitudes and behaviors changed significantly: high control behaviors increased, low control behaviors decreased; more rejection behaviors and fewer acceptance behaviors appeared; speech communication and involvement behaviors also decreased. There were individual differences in the mothers in the two play-sessions: there were 42.6% of permitted mothers, 32.8% of warmth mothers and 24.6% communication mothers in the free play session, and there were 54% of permitted mothers, 23% of communication mothers and 23% of high control mothers in the intelligence-task-oriented play session

Key words: home observation, free-play, intelligence-task-oriented play, mothers’ attitudes to child

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