ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (01): 76-83.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

4~7岁儿童绘画摹写的语义编码特点

李甦,李文馥,王丽   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所,北京 100101;北京师范大学教育系,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2002-02-06 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2003-01-30 发布日期:2003-01-30
  • 通讯作者: 李甦

THE SEMANTIC ENCODING CHARACTERISTICS IN CHILDREN’S TWO- DIMENSIONAL MODEL DRAWINGS

Li Su,Li Wenfu,Wang Li   

  1. 1 Institute of Psychology, CAS, Beijing, 100101;2Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875
  • Received:2002-02-06 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2003-01-30 Published:2003-01-30
  • Contact: Li Su

摘要: 以二维模型为主对儿童绘画编码特点及发展进程的探讨。研究对象为4~7岁儿童,按年龄分为4组,共163人。主要实验有二:一是选择同一实物的三维和二维两类模型让被试摹写;二是选择语义熟悉程度和语义多寡不同的二维模型让被试摹写。个别实验,实验顺序随机安排。研究结果表明:儿童对维度不同的模型绘画编码具有共同的特点,表现出三种编码形式:其一,将模型的各构件分离,各自独立编码;其二,依模型的典型特征编码;其三,按各模型真实形象编码。对不同维度模型绘画编码发展的进程不同。儿童对二维模型绘画编码水平和发展速度比三维模型提早1年。模型语义的多寡及熟悉程度影响儿童二维模型绘画编码

关键词: 儿童绘画, 编码, 典型特征, 语义

Abstract: The present study is the further exploration to the developmental process of encoding characteristics through children’s drawings. One hundred and sixty-three children aged from 4- to 7-years participated in the study. The two main tasks were: copy the three and two-dimensional stimuli of the same model. And copy two-dimensional model with different familiarity and different kinds of meaning. The participants were tested individually, and the sequence of the two tasks were assigned randomly. The results indicated that there were three kinds of coding in the children’s drawings. The first is separate coding, that is, the children copy the model through decomposing the components of the model. The second is canonical orientation representation. The third is the children copy the models as their actual visual appearance. Few children use the first coding in four groups. Canonical orientation predominant at the age of 4, and the third coding is predominant after the age of 5. The change of the encoding in children’s drawings is a dynamic developmental process. The familiarity and the meaning of the models influenced children’s encoding

Key words: children’s drawings encoding stereotypic representation semantic

中图分类号: