ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (04): 84-90.

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应付方式量表的初步编制

施承孙;董燕;侯玉波;侯桂芝;周晓梅   

  1. 空军总医院临床心理科,空军总医院临床心理科,北京大学心理系,空军总医院临床心理科,空军总医院临床心理科 北京100036 ,北京100036 ,北京100871 ,北京100036 ,北京100036
  • 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2002-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 施承孙

PRELIMINARY DEVELOPMENT OF THE COPE SCALE

Shi Chengsun 1 , Dong Yan 1 , Hou Yubo 2 , Hou Guizhi 1 , Zhou Xiaomei 1 ( 1 Department of clinical Psychology, General Hospital of Chinese Air Force, Beijing 100036) ( 2 Department of Psychology Peking University, Beijing   

  • Online:2002-08-25 Published:2002-08-25

摘要: 编制应付方式问卷 ,并获得该量表的初步常模。来自全国 6个地区的 114 4名被试完成了有效测试 ,其中男性 5 5 9人 ,女性 5 85人 ,平均年龄 31.0 3± 7.99岁。结果 :(1)人们的应付方式主要有 4种类型 :即针对问题积极应付、否认与心理解脱、情感求助与宣泄、回避问题转移注意。 (2 )该量表具有良好的信度和效度 ,达到心理测量学的有关要求 ,可以作为评估应付活动的工具。 (3)初步提供了该量表的成人常模 ,并对应付方式在性别和年龄上的差异进行了讨论。

关键词: 应付, 应付问卷, 因素分析, 信度, 效度

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Cope Scale that assessed coping styles, and to determine the preliminary norm. The Cope Scale was tested on a total of 1,144 subjects (559 males and 585 females, mean age=31 03±7.99) from six regions in Mainland China. According to the results of exploratory factor analysis, there were four fundamental coping styles: (1) active coping focused on the problems, (2) denying the problems and mental disengagement, (3) seeking emotional support and venting of emotions, (4) avoiding the problems and shifting attention. Reliability and validity were demonstrated within the subscales. The reliability of the subscales were higher than 0.75. Significant correlations were showed between the scores of the subscales and those of EPQ. The results showed that the Cope Scale had good reliability and validity, and could be used to assess coping styles. The study also gathered norms for the Scale in adults, and the differences in coping styles among different age groups and gender were discussed.

Key words: coping, cope scale, factor analysis, reliability, validity