ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (04): 57-64.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中小学生欺负/受欺负的普遍性与基本特点

张文新   

  1. 山东师范大学心理系 济南250014
  • 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2002-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文新

PREVALENCE AND MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF BULLYING/VICTIMIZATION AMONG PRIMARY AND JUNIOR MIDDLE SCHOOL CHILDREN

Zhang Wenxin (Department of Psychology,Shandong Teachers' University,Jinan 250014)   

  • Online:2002-08-25 Published:2002-08-25

摘要: 利用修订的Olweus欺负问卷对 92 0 5名城乡儿童进行了测查 ,考察初中和小学阶段儿童欺负 /受欺负问题的普遍性及基本特点。结果发现 :中小学生中存在着较严重的欺负问题 ,近 1/ 5被调查的儿童卷入欺负 /受欺负问题 ;总体上小学和初中阶段学生欺负 /受欺负问题的发生率随年级的升高而下降 ,但欺负他人在初中阶段具有稳定性 ;直接言语欺负是最为普遍的欺负方式 ;在欺负 /受欺负的比率、对待欺负态度和欺负类型上均存在性别差异。

关键词: 欺负/受欺负, 欺负者, 受欺负者, 态度, 欺负类型

Abstract: A modified version of Olweus Bullying/Victimization Questionnaire was employed in a sample of 9205 primary and junior middle school children from both urban and rural areas, in order to evaluate the prevalence and explore the major characteristics of school bullying. The results indicated that serious bullying problems existed in primary and junior middle schools, with nearly one out of five (19%)of the children investigated getting involved in bullying problems. The ratios of victims and bullies decreased with the children's age, but that of the bullies kept relatively stable across the junior middle school years. Direct verbal bullying was the most common type of bullying behavior among primary and junior middle school children. Gender differences existed in regard to the incidence of bullying others and being bullied, children's attitudes towards bullying and the types of bullying behavior they suffered.

Key words: bullying/victimization, bullies, victims, attitudes, type of bullying