ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (04): 41-50.

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  1. 中山大学教育学院心理学系,首都师范大学教育科学学院心理学系 广州510275;首都师范大学教育科学学院心理学系,北京100089 ,北京100089
  • 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2002-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 黄敏儿


Huang Miner (Department of Psychology, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275) Guo Dejun (Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100089)   

  • Online:2002-08-25 Published:2002-08-25

摘要: 采用生理心理实验法研究忽视、抑制、重视、宣泄等方式调节负情绪的情绪变化过程 ,发现忽视有效减弱了主观感受和表情行为 ,并引起R -R间期更大的增加 ;抑制不能减弱主观感受 ,并引起手指脉搏血容振幅更大的增幅 ;重视增强了主观感受 ;宣泄增强了主观感受 ,并相对地减弱了生理激活水平。研究表明原因调节可以更有效地调整负情绪主观感受 ,反应调节使负情绪成分变化出现“水压模型”式循环动力特点 ;情绪调节过程实现着情绪在心理适应中的促进 (或阻碍 )作用。

关键词: 原因调节, 反应调节, 情绪调节基本过程

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the emotional processes of four basic styles of emotion regulation, which were reappraisal, expressive suppression, rumination, and expressive revealing. One hundred and eighty six female participants were shown a disgusting film during which their subjective experiences, expressive behaviors, and physiological responses were recorded. Before they watched the film, the participants were told to either (a) think about the film in such a way that they would feel nothing (reappraisal, a form of antecedent focused emotion regulation); (b) behave in such a way that someone watching them would not know what they were feeling (suppression, a form of response focused emotion regulation); (c) imagine that what happened in the film were actually happening to themselves (rumination, another form of antecedent focused emotion regulation); (d) behave in such a way that they expressed their experiences as much as or even more exaggerated than they would feel (revealing, another form of response focused emotion regulation). Compared with the control condition, reappraisal was effective in reducing emotion expressive behavior, negative emotional experience, and increasing parasympathetic activation (more enhanced in inter beat interval); suppression was effective in decreasing emotion expressive behavior and increasing sympathetic activation (more increased in finger pulse amplitude), but was not effective in changing subjective experiences; rumination was effective in increasing subjective experiences; and revealing resulted in increasing subjective feeling, decreasing physiological activation, while increasing emotion expressive behavior. In summary, antecedent focused emotion regulation was more effective in the changing negative subjective experiences by modulating cognitive appraisal, and response focused emotion regulation would lead to a dynamic system like a "hydraulic model" because of regulation of expression. Every process of regulation would facilitate or handicap adaptive functioning of emotions via divergent processes of subjective experience, emotion expressive behavior and physiology.

Key words: antecedent focused regulation, response focused regulation, basic process of emotion regulation