ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (01): 17-23.

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注意分散对虚假再认的影响

何海瑛;张剑;朱滢   

  1. 北京大学心理学系!北京 100871,北京大学心理学系!北京 100871,北京大学心理学系!北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2001-02-25 发布日期:2001-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 何海瑛

THE EFFECT OF DIVIDING ATTENTION ON FALSE RECOGNITION

He Haiying ;Zhang Jian ;Zhu Ying (Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871)   

  • Online:2001-02-25 Published:2001-02-25

摘要: 采用DRM范式研究学习阶段不同的注意水平对关联性记忆错觉的影响。结果表明随着注意水平的降低,对学过项目的正确再认率显著下降。对关键诱饵的虚假再认率不易受注意分散的影响。正确再认和虚假再认的记得成分相似,但知道成分的变化趋势不同。虚假再认比正确再认的感知觉细节少。

关键词: 注意分散, 记忆错觉, DRM范式, 虚假记忆

Abstract: Using DRM paradigm, two experiments to investigate the effect of dividing attent ion during the study phase on later false recognition was conducted. If organiza tional strategies during the study phase are contributing to relational memory i llusion, it would be expected that dividing attention during the study phase wou ld diminish false recognition. In experiment 1, two digits that were presented o n both sides of the word synchronously to control two levels of attention were u sed. In experiment 2, three digits that showed around the word sequentially were used to control three levels of attention. Remember/Know procedure was conducte d in both experiments, and experiment 2 involved feeling evaluation of remember response after R/K judgment. The result revealed that with attenuating of attent ion level, accurate recognition of studied items were significantly diminished, owning to remarkable dropping of remember response, but false recognition of cri ticallurediminished slightly.Remember/Know procedure showed accurate and false r ecognition had similar R pattern, but different K pattern. Accurate recognition contained richer sensory and perceptual detail than did false recognition.

Key words: dividing attention, memory illusion, DRM paradigm, false memory