ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (04): 393-399.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

婴儿客体永久性发展机制的研究

曾琦;董奇;陶沙   

  1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1997-12-25 发布日期:1997-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 曾琦

TEH DEVELOPMENTAL MECHANISM OF OBJECT PERMANENCE DURING INFANCY

Zeng Qi Dong Qi Tao Sha (Institute of Developmental Psychology ,Beijing Normal University ) Joseph J. Campos (Institute of Human Development ,University of California)   

  • Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

摘要: 客体永久性是婴儿早期发展中一项重要的心理能力,本研究以208名8-11个月的婴儿为被试,采用实验法和访谈法探讨了婴儿客体永久性的发展机制及其发展趋势问题。结果表明:1)我国婴儿的爬行与其客体永久性的发展无直接关系,支持了爬行对婴儿客体永久性发展的作用可能来自爬行经验而不是爬行动作的假设:2)我国婴儿的客体永久性随年龄增长而持续发展,提示爬行并不是客体永久性发展的唯一途径,爬行不能发挥作用时,婴儿的客体永久性可以通过其它途径得到发展;3)在8-11个月间,我国婴儿的客体永久性达到了阶段Ⅳ水平,8个月的婴儿已经具备了初步的客体永久性。从发展速度来看,婴儿的客体永久性在8、9个月间发展较为迅速,出现了显著的发展性变化,在9-11个月间没有显著的差异。

关键词: 婴儿, 客体永久性, 爬行, 发展机制

Abstract: The goal of the present study was to explore the developmental mechanism of object permanence during infancy by means of examining crawling effect on the development of object permanence and its developmental trend under Chinese ecological environment There were 208 subjects aged from 8 to 11-month -old. In this study, object permanence was assessed by spatial search test, and infant crawling status was assessed by locomotion assessment and maternal interview questionnaire. Results indicated: ( 1 ) Compared with crawling effect on object permanence in American infants, crawling status was not related to Chinese infant performance on object permanence. It supported the hypothesis that crawling effect on object permanence resulted from crawling experience, not crawling action itself (2) For Chinese infants, the developmental level of object permanence also improved with age. It illustrated that there were other channels for infants to acquire object permanence besides crawling. (3) At the age of 8 to 11-month, infants arrived at the developmental level of Stage Ⅳ on object permanence. There was a significant change on infant developmental level of object permanence at the age of 9-month.

Key words: infant, object permanence, crawling, developmental mechanism