ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (03): 284-289.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

兴趣对文章理解的作用

章凯;张必隐   

  1. 北京市经济管理干部学院!100015,北京师范大学心理系!100875
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 章凯

IMPACT OF INTEREST ON TEXT COMPREHENSION

Zhang Kai (Beijing Institute of Economic Management, 100015) Zhang Biyin (Beijing Normal University, 100875)   

  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 研究兴趣对文章理解的作用,其主要目的是:(1)提出一种新的兴趣理论;(2)研究兴趣对文章理解的作用效果;(3)探讨阅读过程中兴趣和背景知识之间的关系。二项实验研究基本证实下列假设:(1)兴趣对文章的理解具有显著的促进作用;(2)兴趣高的读者对所读内容表现出更强的推理能力;(3)兴趣高的读者在阅读中会表现出更高的元认知水平;(4)兴趣对文章理解的促进作用相对独立于背景知识的影响。

关键词: 兴趣, 文章, 理解, 信息, 元认知

Abstract: This study examined the impact of interest on text comprehension. Its primary goals were as follows: (1)To formulate a new theory of interest; (2)To examine and explain the effects of interest on text comprehension; (3)To ex-plore the relation between interest and prior knowledge while reading. The following hypotheses were confirmed by two experiments: (1)Interest has a positive influence on. text comprehension; (2)High-interest readers infer from the text more frequently while reading;(3) High-interest readers show greater metacognitive capability while reading; (4)The effect of interest on text comprehension is independent of prior knowledge.

Key words: interest, text, comprehension, information, metacognition