ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (03): 252-259.

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汉语语句句式表征及命题表征能力的年龄比较

耿海燕;张述祖   

  1. 河北大学教育系!保定071002,河北大学教育系!保定071002
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 耿海燕

COMPARISON OF THE ABILITIES OF SENTENCE-FORM AND PROPOSITIONAL REPRESENTATION OF CHINESE SENTENCES AMONG SUBJECTS AT THREE DIFFERENT AGE LEVELS

Geng Haiyan Zhang Shuzu (Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei China PC:071002)   

  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 通过三个年龄段的被试对同命题不同句式汉语语句再认的比较,以再认比率和再认反应时为指标,探讨了句子在记忆中的表征问题。研究结果表明:(1)命题表征是一种原始倾向,既不同于记忆准确性的年龄发展,它在性质上又区别于记忆误差。把句式表征与命题表征分化开是后天发展的结果;(2)命题表征的建立和巩固需要时间,但一经建立,巩固性较强。相反,句式表征的巩固性较差。

关键词: 句式, 命题, 句式表征, 命题表征

Abstract: This research explored the representation of sentences in memory through experiments upon the students respectively from three age stages, comparing their recognition of the Chinese sentences which are of the same proposition but of different sentence forms, and taking the rates and the responding time of their recognition as the measurement. Conclusions are as follows: Ⅰ. The propositional representation is a primary tendency different from the development of memory accuracy or from memory errors in essence. Actually, it is the result of acquired ability to distinguish the representation of sentence forms from the propositional representation. Ⅱ. It takes time to establish and consolidate the propositional representation which has a strong stability once it is established. On the contrary, the representation of sentence forms has less stability and inclines to fade away as time goes on.

Key words: sentence form, proposition, representation of sentence forms, propositional representation