ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (03): 69-75.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

从情绪描述看青少年期到成人期认知结构的发展

申继亮   

  1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所 100875
  • 出版日期:1993-09-25 发布日期:1993-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 申继亮

PERSPECTIVE OF EMOTION-DESCRIPTION ON SHIFTS OF COGNITIVE STRUCTURE FROM ADOLESCENCE TO ADULTHOOD

Shen Jiliang Institute of Developmental Psychology. Beijing Normal University   

  • Online:1993-09-25 Published:1993-09-25

摘要: 该研究依据研究者制定的认知发展水平评价系统,对年龄范围在13—55岁之间的90名被试关于生气、害怕、伤心、高兴四种情绪的自我描述进行了评价分析。结果表明,青少年期的思维具有形式化、外在、抽象等特点,成人期的思维具有内在、具体、形象等特点,前者具有刻板性、封闭性,后者具有灵活性、开放性。

关键词: 认知发展, 情绪, 评价系统, 认知结构

Abstract: Based on cognitive development coding system, descriptions of anger, fear,sadness and happiness of 90 subjects aged 13 to 55 were assessed. The resultsshowed that: With rigidity, the thought of the adolescent had the characteris-tics of form, objectiveness and abstractness, while the thought of the adultshad the characteristies of openness, subjectiveness, more concrete and figurative.

Key words: cognitive development, emotion, coding system, cognitive structure