ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (03): 77-83.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

论西方心理学的两大方法论

刘翔平   

  1. 北京师范大学心理系 100875
  • 出版日期:1991-09-25 发布日期:1991-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘翔平

A STUDY ON TWO KINDS OF METHODOLOGY IN THE HISTORY OF WESTERN PSYCHOLOGY

Liu Xiangping Department of Psychology, Beijing Normal University   

  • Online:1991-09-25 Published:1991-09-25

摘要: 本文对实证主义和现象学对心理学发展所起的方法论作用进行了研究。文中对心理学方法论的含义及方法论对心理学流派建立的指导意义进行了详细的分析。通过追溯构造派与格式塔心理学、行为主义与人本主义心理学的对立和这一对立所体现的实证主义与现象学方法论的尖锐冲突,作者概括和总结了西方心理学的发展留给我们的经验教训。

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Abstract: This paper is a study on the conflict of Phenomenonology with Po-sitivism in the history of Western psychology. The first part of this pa-per discusses the viewpoints of Positivism and Phenomenology, analysingtheir influence upon Structural psychology and Gestalt psychology. Thenit deals with direct influences of Positivism on Bahavioristic psychologyand Phenomenology on Humenistic psychology. Finally this paper evalu-ates the experience and lesson of Chinese psychology from the conflictsof these two kinds of methodology in Western psychology.

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