ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (03): 42-49.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

加工水平、回想策略与不自觉记忆

朱滢;王宏斌;范津;周爱宝   

  1. 北京大学心理系科大开放认知实验室,北京大学心理系科大开放认知实验室,北京大学心理系科大开放认知实验室,北京大学心理系科大开放认知实验室 100875 ,100875 ,100875 ,100875
  • 出版日期:1991-09-25 发布日期:1991-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 朱滢

LEVELS OF PROCESSING、DECLARATIVE RETRIEVAL STRATEGIES AND IMPLICIT MEMORY

Zhu Ying;Wang Hongbin;Fan Jin;Zhou Aibao Department of Psychology, Beijing University Laboratory of Cognitive Science, Uneversity of Science and Technology   

  • Online:1991-09-25 Published:1991-09-25

摘要: 本研究有两项实验。实验一包括三种加工水平和三种不自觉记忆测验方式。结果表明,补笔不受加工水平影响。词干补笔是否受加工水平影响与词干补笔可能性的大小无关。实验二采用了问卷技术,在词干补笔测验后要求被试回答他在测验中是否进行了有意回想。结果表明,有意回想的被试对意义加工的单字比对结构加工的单字获得更高的起动效应;而没有回想的被试其结果不受加工水平影响,从而证实,词干补笔也不受加工水平影响。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Our reasearch includes two experiments. The first one includes 3 le-vels of processing and 3 implicit memory tests, we found no levels ofprocessing effect in primed word fragment completion. Whether there werelevels of processing effect in word stern completion or not had no relationto the possibility of word stems which could be completed to form manydefferent words or just to form one word. The second experiment, using aquestionnaire technique, asked the subjects to answer whether he(she) usesdeclarative retrieval strategies (DRS) during the completion. We found thaksubjects who used DRS completed a higher proportion of semantically en-coded words than structurally encoded words, whereas the performance ofthe subjects who had not used DRS was not affected by semantic versusstructural encoding. So there were no levels of proessing effect in wordslem completion.

Key words: NULL