ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (02): 64-74.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

错觉图形结构成分的实验研究

张铁忠;孙钢;马剑虹   

  1. 杭州大学心理系 ,杭州大学心理系 ,杭州大学心理系
  • 出版日期:1986-06-25 发布日期:1986-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 张铁忠

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF ILLUSIONAL FIGURES

Zhang Tiezhong;Sun Gang;Ma Jianhong Hangzhou University   

  • Online:1986-06-25 Published:1986-06-25

摘要: 本研究对横-竖错觉和M?ller-Lyer错觉图形的结构成分与视错觉的规律进行了较为系统的实验研究与细致的分析。 实验结果表明: 诱导横-竖错觉的主要图形结构成分,是竖线垂直且对等分割横线,而不是单纯的、孤立的竖线或横线方向本身。 M?ller-Lyer错觉,主要是由斜线与横线构成的夹角和斜线的长度所引起的。斜线与横线用同一颜色描绘,则错觉量较大,用不同颜色描绘,则错觉量较小。 作者在用多种变式图形进行比较实验时,查明了各图形结构成分作用的性质与作用的大小,具体揭示了若干视错觉的规律性变化。 此外,作者根据上述实验事实对眼球运动理论与视野理论也作了较为细致的分析。

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Abstract: A relatively systematic experiment and detailed analysis were madeto find out the law of visual illusion and the structural component offigures of horizontal-vertical illusion and Muller-Lyer illusion. The results of the experiment showed that the major structuralcomponent of the induced horizontal-vertical illusional figures was thevertical and interval horizontal line and not simply the isolated verticalline and horizontal line themselves. The Muller-Lyer illusion wasmainly induced by the angle of horizontal line and oblique lines andthe length of oblique lines. The amount of illusion was larger when bothhorizontal and oblique lines were in the same color, and it was smaller ifdifferent colors were used for the two kinds of lines. An experiment was made to compare various variation of figures.The nature and function of the various structural components of figureswere found, the regular changes in several visual illusions werehighlighted. Based on the facts of this experiment, a relatively detailedanalysis of the eye-movement and visual field theories was made.

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