ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (02): 105-113.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

苏联心理学界对活动理论的近期讨论

陈会昌   

  1. 山西省教育科学研究所
  • 出版日期:1986-06-25 发布日期:1986-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈会昌

RECENT DISCUSSIONS ON THE THEORY OF ACTIVITY IN PSYCHO-LOGICAL CIRCLES IN THE SOVIET UNION

Chen Huichang Shanxi Institute of Educational Science   

  • Online:1986-06-25 Published:1986-06-25

摘要: 本文综述了近几年来苏联心理学界对A.H.列昂节夫代表的活动理论的讨论情况。其中包括三种意见,一种是支持态度,一种是持较大异议、企图用系统论取而代之的态度,一种是既不完全支持,也不完全否定的态度。从讨论中可以看出,活动理论在苏联仍有很大影响,人们公认列昂节夫是苏联马克思主义心理学奠基者之一,公认他提出的活动理论对建设马克思主义心理学的重要贡献。目前开展的讨论,不是要否定和批判活动理论,而是在爱护、珍惜它的前提下,对它进行补充、修正和发展,使它更加完善。作者认为,这一讨论对我们的主要启示是:一、苏联心理学者在把马克思主义作为建设心理学的方法论基础这一点上,没有根本分歧;二、我国心理学界需要展开一些理论上的争鸣和讨论,需要培养我们自己的理论家;三、必须首先明确“中国心理学的发展究竟走哪条路”的问题,为此应该重视基本理论的建设。

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Abstract: This paper summarizes recent discussions in the psychologicalcircles of the Soviet Union on the theory of activity advanced by A. N.Leontiev. Three different views have emerged from the discussions:(1) those that support the theory; (2) those dissenting from thetheory and advocating its replacement by the theory of systemidentification;(3) those that neither support nor disagree with thetheory entirely. The discussions indicate that the theory ofactivity still commands a big following in the Soviet Union and thatA. N. Leontiev is generally recognized as one of the founders of Marxistpsychology in the Soviet Union who has made an important cont-ribution to Marxist psychology. The present discussions are not somuch a negation of his theory as an effort to replenish, revise, developand perfect it. The author goes on to point out: (1)Soviet psychologistshave no essential difference in taking Marxism as the basic methodologyin developing psychology; (2)Chinese psychologists have yet to developtheoretical discussions and contentions and foster their own theoreticiansin this field; (3)A primary need is to determine the direction of thedevelopment of psychology in China, and it is for this reason that weshould pay attention to studies of fundamental psychological theories.

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