ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1965, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (01): 78-86.

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精神分裂症患者的抽象和概括过程的实验研究 Ⅰ.精神分裂症患者与正常人的比较

龚耀先   

  1. 湖南医学院精神科
  • 出版日期:1965-03-25 发布日期:1965-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 龚耀先

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE ABSTRACTION AND GENERALIZATION PROCESSES IN SCHIZOPHRENICS

KUNG YAO-HSIEN   

  • Online:1965-03-25 Published:1965-03-25

摘要: <正> 問題 思維障碍是精神分裂症患者的一个重要症状。不少学者曾对此作过許多观察和研究,也提出了各种看法,但至今仍无一个公认的結論。例如,最早布魯尔(E. Bleuler,1911)提出这种病人的思維特点是“联想松弛”,其后又有人提出是“具体性”或“过于抽象”等。 关于“具体性”的問題有許多不同的提法,例如,皮亚杰(J. Piaget)认为精神分裂症患者的思維是儿童期自我中心的思維和成人邏輯思維間的“中站”;維果特斯基(A.

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Abstract: A sorting test was applied to 100 normals and 128 schizophrenics. The test consisted of (1) 25 pictorial cards; (2) 16 Chinese characters printed on separate cards; (3) 23 wooden blocks of different colours, forms and sizes; and (4) 10 cards, each bearing four meaningful contents, three of which are closely related, while the fourth one is different.Each subject was presented with the first three sets of test materials in succession and asked to classify them and also to give reasons for his classification. The rating of the experimental results was made in accordance with the quality of the classifications. He was then asked to point out the exceptional content from each card of the fourth set of material, and the rating was made according to the quality of answers given by him. The results were as follows:(1) For both normals and schizophrenics, the quality of classification was, in general, related to the educational level of the subjects tested, better results being obtained from those who had more advanced educational background.(2) Comparison between the two groups revealed the following differences: (a) the percentage of correct classifications was definitely higher in normals than in schizophrenics; (b) the test time was shorter for the normals than for the schizophrenics; (c) many sortings made by the schizophrenics were not only poor in quality, but also showed much deviation from the normal way of classification.

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