ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (5): 659-668.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2020.00659

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

新员工工作重塑会带来积极的结果吗?领导成员交换与个体传统性的作用

胡巧婷, 王海江(), 龙立荣   

  1. 华中科技大学管理学院, 武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-25 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-03-26
  • 通讯作者: 王海江 E-mail:wanghaijiang@hust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金青年项目(71701074);国家自然科学基金面上项目(71772072);国家自然科学基金重点项目(71832004);中央高校基本科研业务费项目资助(2017WKYXQN019)

Will newcomer job crafting bring positive outcomes? The role of leader-member exchange and traditionality

HU Qiaoting, WANG Haijiang(), LONG Lirong   

  1. Management School, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2019-06-25 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-03-26
  • Contact: WANG Haijiang E-mail:wanghaijiang@hust.edu.cn

摘要:

每年都有大量的高校毕业生进入职场。在企业竞争日趋激烈的今天, 如何将这些大学毕业生快速地转变成高绩效的企业员工, 是一个重要的研究议题。基于自我表达的理论视角, 本研究探讨工作重塑能否促进新员工的任务绩效和创造力, 以及领导成员交换和个体传统性如何影响新员工的工作重塑。我们对256名新员工进行4轮的问卷调查, 最终得到125份有效的匹配问卷。数据分析结果显示: (1)工作重塑会正向影响新员工的工作投入, 进而影响他们的任务绩效和创造力; (2)对于传统性比较高的新员工, 领导成员交换可以促进他们的工作重塑; (3)个体传统性正向调节领导成员交换对任务绩效、创造力的间接作用, 当个体传统性高时, 领导成员交换通过工作重塑和工作投入对任务绩效、创造力的积极影响更为显著。本研究从新员工自我表达的视角为组织提升新员工的任务绩效和创造力提供了新的思路。

关键词: 新员工社会化, 工作重塑, 任务绩效, 创造力, 领导成员交换, 个体传统性

Abstract:

A considerable number of college graduates enter the workforce every year. Given increasingly heightened competition, understanding how to transform college graduates into engaged and productive organizational employees is crucial. Although numerous studies on organizational socialization exist, most are generally focused on organizational control. However, as work roles become increasingly dynamic in the changing environment, successful organizational socialization requires newcomers to develop an innovative role orientation to be able to constantly shape their role in the workplace and better serve organizational goals. Drawing on the self-expression perspective, this study attempted to explore whether newcomer job crafting could facilitate role performance (i.e., task performance and creativity). Moreover, we examined how initial leader-member exchange (LMX) and individual traditionality jointly influence newcomer job crafting.
We conducted a four-wave survey among 256 newcomers from a large machinery manufacturer in China. The final matched sample size was 125. Results showed that (a) newcomer job crafting was significantly related to work engagement, which in turn, resulted in high levels of task performance and creativity; (b) LMX positively affected job crafting only in newcomers with high levels of traditionality; and (c) traditionality moderated the positive indirect effect of LMX on task performance and creativity via job crafting and work engagement. That is, positive indirect effects were significant in newcomers with high levels of traditionality.
Our study provides several theoretical contributions. First, we examine an employee-centered organizational socialization process from the perspective of self-expression. Second, this research develops a comprehensive newcomer job crafting model including the antecedents and consequences of newcomer job crafting. Third, we add to the employee creativity literature by highlighting how to promote newcomer creativity from the lens of job crafting. Besides its theoretical implications, this study presents practical implications on how to quickly transform new hires into productive and creative employees. Our study recommends organizations to encourage newcomers to craft their job during organizational entry to engender high levels of task performance and to tap into the creativity of new hires. However, managers should be aware that the quality of LMX is likely to be influential in promoting job crafting among newcomers with high levels of traditionality.

Key words: newcomer socialization, job crafting, task performance, creativity, leader-member exchange (LMX), traditionality

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