Please wait a minute...
心理学报  2020, Vol. 52 Issue (1): 1-11    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2020.00001
  研究报告 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
汉语普通话声调感知的老年化效应:来自ERP的证据
肖容,梁丹丹(),李善鹏
南京师范大学文学院, 南京 210097
Effects of aging on the Mandarin lexical tone perception: Evidence from ERPs
XIAO Rong,LIANG Dandan(),LI Shanpeng
School of Chinese Language and Culture, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
全文: PDF(6863 KB)   HTML 评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要 

研究考察汉语普通话老年人前注意阶段声调感知状况, 探究是否存在领域特殊的老年化。运用事件相关电位技术, 采用被动oddball范式诱发MMN回应, 控制领域一般性因素的影响。结果显示涉及范畴变化的声调和非语音音调诱发MMN强度衰减, 不涉及范畴变化的声调诱发MMN强度未衰退。研究结果表明在前注意阶段, 在特定汉语普通话声调范畴知识加工能力上存在领域特殊的衰退, 而不涉及母语音位知识的声调的感知存在领域特殊的一定程度的保留, 这一保留与时间维度上补偿机制的调用有关。受补偿机制调节, 语言加工呈现出衰退或保留等不同的老年化进程。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
关键词 汉语普通话老年化声调前注意领域特殊    
Abstract

The accurate perception of lexical tones in Mandarin Chinese is an important foundation for successfully understanding spoken Chinese. Previous behavioral studies have shown that the ability to perceive lexical tones in Mandarin declines in elderly individuals. In addition to other research areas related to language and aging, the central issue in phonetic perception during aging concerns whether perceptual changes related to aging are area-specific or area-general. The area-general language hypothesis of aging assumes that changes in language perception related to aging are caused by a decline in both general sensory perception function and high-order cognitive function. In contrast, the area-specific language hypothesis of aging assumes that changes in aging-related language perception are caused by specific deficits in language processing. Previous studies mostly detected the state of attention and focused on how area-general factors affect the processing of segmental phonemes in elderly individuals. The present study examined neurophysiological responses, particularly that of MMN, to explore whether the aging of lexical tone perception is language-specific for Mandarin.
The current study recruited 22 healthy elderly participants (age range: 55.6~79.6 years) and 18 young participants (age range: 22.7~29.0 years). In a passive oddball task, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine Mandarin lexical tone perception. Three syllables from a lexical tone continuum were chosen as stimuli to form an across-category stimulus pair and a within-category stimulus pair for the ERP oddball task. A non-speech stimulus pair was generated on the basis of the within-category stimulus pair. During the experiment, participants were instructed to ignore the presented sounds while watching a self-selected movie.
ERP data showed that in the across-category condition, compared with the young group, the elderly group had a smaller MMN, and there was no between-group difference in the within-category condition. In the young group, a non-speech tone elicited a larger MMN amplitude than a speech tone that shared the same pitch contour, while the elderly group did not show a speech enhancement effect. In addition, compared with that of the young group, the amplitude of the MMN elicited by the non-speech contrast in the elderly group was significantly smaller. The results indicated that the general decline in central auditory processing function was not related to the pre-attention processing of lexical tone. In addition, when the level at which the auditory input stimulus could be sensed was controlled according to peripheral hearing abilities, the decline in peripheral auditory function was not related to the preservation of or decline in lexical tone perception in the current study.
In the current study, there is no evidence that the age-related decline in area-general factors affects tone perception in the pre-attention condition. On this basis, this study further speculated that the ability of elderly Mandarin-speaking individuals to perceive lexical tone in pre-attention conditions was preserved and only declined for specific languages, and the above-mentioned decline in the processing of knowledge of Mandarin tone category and the wider preservation of the processing of speech tones are language-specific. The present study provides evidence for the area-specific language hypothesis of aging.

Key wordsMandarin    aging    lexical tone category    pre-attention    area-specific
收稿日期: 2018-10-17      出版日期: 2019-11-21
中图分类号:  B842  
基金资助:* 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(简称PAPD)资助
通讯作者: 梁丹丹     E-mail: ldd233@sina.com
引用本文:   
肖容,梁丹丹,李善鹏. (2020). 汉语普通话声调感知的老年化效应:来自ERP的证据. 心理学报, 52(1): 1-11.
XIAO Rong,LIANG Dandan,LI Shanpeng. (2020). Effects of aging on the Mandarin lexical tone perception: Evidence from ERPs. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 52(1), 1-11.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2020.00001      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2020/V52/I1/1
[1] Aerts A., van Mierlo P., Hartsuiker R. J., Hallez H., Santens P., & de Letter M . ( 2013). Neurophysiological investigation of phonological input: Aging effects and development of normative data. Brain and Language, 125( 3), 253-263.
[2] Bellis T. J., Nicol T., & Kraus N . ( 2000). Aging affects hemispheric asymmetry in the neural representation of speech sounds. Journal of Neuroscience, 20( 2), 791-797.
[3] Bidelman G. M., Villafuerte J. W., Moreno S., & Alain C . ( 2014). Age-related changes in the subcortical-cortical encoding and categorical perception of speech. Neurobiology of Aging, 35( 11), 2526-2540.
[4] Blesser B . ( 1972). Speech perception under conditions of spectral transformation: I. Phonetic characteristics. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 15( 1), 5-41.
[5] Cheng C. H., Baillet S., Hsiao F. J., & Lin Y. Y . ( 2015). Effects of aging on the neuromagnetic mismatch detection to speech sounds. Biological Psychology, 104, 48-55.
[6] Christmann C. A., Berti S., Steinbrink C., & Lachmann T . ( 2014). Differences in sensory processing of German vowels and physically matched non-speech sounds as revealed by the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the human event-related brain potential (ERP). Brain and Language, 136, 8-18.
[7] Dennis N. A., & Cabeza R . ( 2008). Neuroimaging of healthy cognitive aging. The handbook of aging and cognition, 3, 1-54.
[8] Du Y., Buchsbaum B. R., Grady C. L., & Alain C . ( 2016). Increased activity in frontal motor cortex compensates impaired speech perception in older adults. Nature Communications, 7, 1-12.
[9] Durlach N. I., & Braida L. D . ( 1969). Intensity perception. I. Preliminary theory of intensity resolution. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 46( 2B), 372-383.
[10] Folstein M. F., Folstein S. E., & McHugh P. R . ( 1975). “Mini-mental state”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric research, 12( 3), 189-198.
[11] Geal-Dor M., Goldstein A., Kamenir Y., & Babkoff H . ( 2006). The effect of aging on event-related potentials and behavioral responses: comparison of tonal, phonologic and semantic targets. Clinical Neurophysiology, 117( 9), 1974-1989.
[12] Getzmann S., & Falkenstein M . ( 2011). Understanding of spoken language under challenging listening conditions in younger and older listeners: a combined behavioral and electrophysiological study. Brain Research, 1415, 8-22.
[13] Gordon-Salant S., & Fitzgibbons P. J . ( 1993). Temporal factors and speech recognition performance in young and elderly listeners. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 36( 6), 1276-1285.
[14] Harkrider A. W., Plyler P. N., & Hedrick M. S . ( 2005). Effects of age and spectral shaping on perception and neural representation of stop consonant stimuli. Clinical Neurophysiology, 116( 9), 2153-2164.
[15] Kennedy K. M., & Raz N . ( 2009). Aging white matter and cognition: differential effects of regional variations in diffusion properties on memory, executive functions, and speed. Neuropsychologia, 47( 3), 916-927.
[16] Liberman A. M., Harris K. S., Hoffman H. S., & Griffith B. C . ( 1957). The discrimination of speech sounds within and across phoneme boundaries. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54( 5), 358-368.
[17] Lin M. C., Yan J. Z., & Sun G. H . ( 1984, February). A preliminary experiment on the normal stress of two- character Chinese. Dialect, ( 1), 57-73.
[17] [ 林茂灿, 颜景助, 孙国华 . ( 1984, 2月). 北京话两字组正常重音的初步实验. 方言, ( 1), 57-73.]
[18] Lister J. J., Maxfield N. D., Pitt G. J., & Gonzalez V. B . ( 2011). Auditory evoked response to gaps in noise: Older adults. International Journal of Audiology, 50 (4), 211-225.
[19] MacKay >D. G., & Burke D. M . ( 1990). Chapter five cognition and aging: a theory of new learning and the use of old connections. In Advances in Psychology (Vol. 71, pp. 213-263). North-Holland.
[20] Näätänen R., Lehtokoski A., Lennes M., Cheour M., Huotilainen M., Iivonen A., … Alho K . ( 1997). Language-specific phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses. Nature, 385, 432-434.
[21] Näätänen R., Paavilainen P., Rinne T., & Alho K . ( 2007). The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: a review. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118( 12), 2544-2590.
[22] Oldfield R. C . ( 1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: the Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9( 1), 97-113.
[23] Persson J., Sylvester C. Y. C., Nelson J. K., Welsh K. M., Jonides J., & Reuter-Lorenz P. A . ( 2004). Selection requirements during verb generation: differential recruitment in older and younger adults. Neuroimage, 23( 4), 1382-1390.
[24] , Qi B. E., & Liu B . ( 2015). The review of categorization features of tone perception. Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 29( 15), 1396-1400.
[24] [ 亓贝尔, 刘博 . ( 2015). 声调知觉的范畴化特征及其研究进展. 临床耳鼻咽喉头颈外科杂志, 29( 15), 1396-1400.]
[25] Ren G. Q., Tang Y. Y., Li X. Q., & Sui X . ( 2013). Pre-attentive processing of Mandarin tone and intonation: Evidence from event-related potentials. In Functional brain mapping and the endeavor to understand the working brain. IntechOpen.
[26] Ross B., Fujioka T., Tremblay K. L., & Picton T. W . ( 2007). Aging in binaural hearing begins in mid-life: evidence from cortical auditory-evoked responses to changes in interaural phase. Journal of Neuroscience, 27( 42), 11172-11178.
[27] , Schneider B. A., & Pichora-Fuller M. K . ( 2000). Implications of perceptual deterioration for cognitive aging research. In F. I.M. Craik & T. A. Salthouse (Eds.), Handbook of aging and cognition(2nd ed., pp. 155-220). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
[28] Scott S. K., Blank C. C., Rosen S., & Wise R. J . ( 2000). Identification of a pathway for intelligible speech in the left temporal lobe. Brain, 123( 12), 2400-2406.
[29] Shtyrov Y., & Pulvermüller F . ( 2002). Neurophysiological evidence of memory traces for words in the human brain. Neuroreport, 13( 4), 521-525.
[30] Shtyrov Y., Kujala T., Palva S., Ilmoniemi R. J., & Näätänen R . ( 2000). Discrimination of speech and of complex nonspeech sounds of different temporal structure in the left and right cerebral hemispheres. Neuroimage, 12( 6), 657-663.
[31] Sorokin A., Alku P., & Kujala T . ( 2010). Change and novelty detection in speech and non-speech sound streams. Brain research, 1327, 77-90.
[32] Takegata R., Tervaniemi M., Alku P., Ylinen S., & Näätänen R . ( 2008). Parameter-specific modulation of the mismatch negativity to duration decrement and increment: evidence for asymmetric processes. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119( 7), 1515-1523.
[33] Taylor J. K., & , Burke D. M . ( 2002). Asymmetric aging effects on semantic and phonological processes: naming in the picture-word interference task. Psychology and Aging, 17( 4), 662-676.
[34] Wang Y., Yang X., & Liu C . ( 2017). Categorical perception of Mandarin Chinese tones 1-2 and tones 1-4: effects of aging and signal duration. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60( 12), 3667-3677.
[35] Wang Y., Yang X., Zhang H., Xu L., Xu C., & Liu C . ( 2017). Aging effect on categorical perception of Mandarin tones 2 and 3 and thresholds of pitch contour discrimination. American Journal of Audiology, 26( 1), 18-26.
[36] Wilson S. M., & Iacoboni M . ( 2006). Neural responses to non-native phonemes varying in producibility: Evidence for the sensorimotor nature of speech perception. Neuroimage, 33( 1), 316-325.
[37] Xi J., Zhang L., Shu H., Zhang Y., & Li P . ( 2010). Categorical perception of lexical tones in Chinese revealed by mismatch negativity. Neuroscience, 170( 1), 223-231.
[38] Yang X., Wang Y., Xu L., Zhang H., Xu C., & Liu C . ( 2015). Aging effect on Mandarin Chinese vowel and tone identification. The Journal of The Acoustical Society of America, 138( 4), 411-416.
[39] Yu K., Zhou Y., Li L., Su J. A., Wang R., & Li P . ( 2017). The interaction between phonological information and pitch type at pre-attentive stage: an ERP study of lexical tones. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 32( 9), 1164-1175.
[40] Zhao L . ( 2010). Experimental course of ERPs. Nanjing, China: Southeast university press.
[40] [ 赵仑 . ( 2010). ERPs实验教程. 南京: 东南大学出版社.]
[1] 杨婉晴, 肖容, 梁丹丹. 2~4岁普通话儿童前注意阶段的声调感知机制[J]. 心理学报, 2020, 52(6): 730-741.
[2] 姚尧,陈晓湘. 音乐训练对4~5岁幼儿普通话声调范畴感知能力的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2020, 52(4): 456-468.
[3] 赵荣;王小娟;杨剑峰. 声调在汉语音节感知中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(8): 915-923.
[4] 郑秋晨. 汉语元音对声调感知边界的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(9): 1223-1231.
[5] 陶冶;徐琴美. 12个月中国婴儿熟悉词表征中声调的语义特性[J]. 心理学报, 2013, 45(10): 1111-1118.
[6] 陶冶,徐琴美,im Plunkett. 不同母语环境下16个月婴儿词汇表征中声调的语义特性[J]. 心理学报, 2012, 44(8): 1066-1074.
[7] 蒋柯,熊哲宏. 利/害条件下归纳推理的心理效应分离[J]. 心理学报, 2010, 42(11): 1050-1059.
[8] 覃薇薇,刘思耘,杨莉,周宗奎. 前分类声音存储器对声调和情绪韵律的加工[J]. 心理学报, 2010, 42(06): 651-662.
[9] 席洁,姜薇,张林军,舒华. 汉语语音范畴性知觉及其发展[J]. 心理学报, 2009, 41(07): 572-579.
[10] 谢宁,王程,吴艳红. 抑制控制能力衰退对知觉组织老年化的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2009, 41(05): 424-432.
[11] 沈模卫,高涛,刘利春,李鹏. 内源性眼跳前的空间注意转移[J]. 心理学报, 2004, 36(06): 663-670.
[12] 周晓林,曲延轩,舒华,Gareth Gaskell,William Marslen-Wilson. 汉语听觉词汇加工中声调信息对语义激活的制约作用[J]. 心理学报, 2004, 36(04): 379-392.
[13] 邓园,冯丽萍, ,彭聃龄. 不同语境下汉语三声连续变调发生规律初探[J]. 心理学报, 2003, 35(06): 719-725.
[14] 武宁宁, ,舒华. Gating技术与汉语听觉词汇加工[J]. 心理学报, 2003, 35(05): 582-590.
[15] 张积家,王惠萍. 声旁与整字的音段、声调关系对形声字命名的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2001, 33(03): 2-6.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn