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心理学报  2019, Vol. 51 Issue (9): 969-981    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00969
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中文词间词和词内词预视加工的差异:词间阴影的作用
关宜韫1,宋悉妮1,郑玉玮2,张颖靓1,崔磊1()
1. 山东师范大学心理学院, 济南 250358
2. 济南大学教育与心理科学学院, 济南 250022
Preview processing of between words and within words in Chinese reading: No word highlighting effect
GUAN Yiyun1,SONG Xini1,ZHENG Yuwei2,ZHANG Yingliang1,CUI Lei1()
1. School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
2. School of Education and Psychological Science, Jinan University, Jinan 250022, China
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摘要 

为了考察词语的属性特征对预视加工的影响, 实验操纵注视字与预视字是否属于一个语言单元, 利用眼动轨迹记录法并结合边界范式以探讨其对预视效应的影响。此外, 考察了词边界信息对词间词和词内词预视加工的影响。结果显示, 词内词的预视效应大于词间词, 词间阴影、非词阴影条件下的预视效应和正常条件之间没有差异。说明阴影提供的词边界对词间词和词内词的预视加工无影响, 支持词切分和词汇识别模型, 即词切分和词汇识别是同时进行的。

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关键词 词边界词间词词内词预视加工词切分    
Abstract

In the present study, readers’ eye movements were recorded to investigate the influence of word highlighting information on the preview processing of between-words and within-words.

Most studies on preview effects have found that the size of the preview effects is 30~50 ms. Hy?n? et al. (2004) examined parafoveal processing of the end lexeme of a long Finnish compound while the beginning lexeme of the compound was fixated. And the results found 80ms preview effect which was more pronounced than previous literatures. The larger preview benefit may have been due to the fact that the preview word is part of one larger linguistic unit (within-words); however, in previous experiments, the preview word and the current fixated word belong to different words (between-words). Consequently, researchers speculated that within-words might induce larger preview effect than that of between-words. Some researchers used compound words (within-words) and phrases (between-words) to further explore this issue and they found that there were no differences between within-words and between-words in preview effects. The results cannot exclude the possible explanation that larger preview effect for within-words is caused by the higher syntactic expectations of nouns comes from adjectives in phrases inducing larger preview effect and then counterbalances the possible differences between the two kinds of words. The present study adopted the boundary paradigm to probe the preview processing differences between within-words and between-words. In the present study, the first character of a two-character compounds (between-words) and the second character of a two-character compounds (within-words) was manipulated to be presented normally or replaced by a pseudo-character for previews. Moreover, word highlighting sentence and non-word highlighting sentence were introduced to examine whether the word boundary information could exert different influences on the preview processing of between-words and within-words. Marking word boundary by word highlighting has its unique advantages. Most of all, compared with word spaces, word highlighting can not only keep the same sentence length meanwhile providing the word boundary information but also control the same word lateral masking on different conditions.

Firstly, the results indicated that the preview effect for between-word was smaller than that of within-word. The results were consistent with the results of Hy?n? et al. (2004), which showed that the morphological information of target word could impact on preview processing. Secondly, we found that there were no differences among normal condition, highlighting condition and non-word highlighting condition. Even so, we did not found the significant influences of word boundary demarcation for preview processing, the possible benefit effect of word boundary still could not be ruled out thoroughly. As Bai et al. (2008) pointed out that readers are familiar with the text without any word boundary signals in normal reading; consequently, the null effect between normal and word boundary text may show a priming effect on word boundary condition, which is the one readers are not familiar with. Thirdly, the results showed that word boundary information had similar effects on within-words and between-words.

Results of the present study indicated that word morphological information could affect its preview processing; however, word boundary information do not necessarily facilitate preview processing for both between-words and within-words. The possible explanation may be that word segmentation and word recognition occur simultaneously. These results are consistent with the model of word segmentation and word recognition.

Key wordsword boundary    between words    within words    preview processing    word segmentation
收稿日期: 2018-03-27      出版日期: 2019-07-24
中图分类号:  B482  
基金资助:* 教育部人文社科项目(18YJC190001);山东省社科优势学科项目资助(19BYSJ46)
通讯作者: 崔磊     E-mail: cuilei_cn@163.com
引用本文:   
关宜韫, 宋悉妮, 郑玉玮, 张颖靓, 崔磊. (2019). 中文词间词和词内词预视加工的差异:词间阴影的作用. 心理学报, 51(9): 969-981.
GUAN Yiyun, SONG Xini, ZHENG Yuwei, ZHANG Yingliang, CUI Lei. (2019). Preview processing of between words and within words in Chinese reading: No word highlighting effect. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 51(9), 969-981.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00969      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2019/V51/I9/969
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