ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (2): 259-268.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2019.00259

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

如何消除子团队的消极作用——子团队成员交换的作用

倪旭东(),季百乐   

  1. 浙江理工大学经济管理学院, 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-06 出版日期:2019-02-25 发布日期:2018-12-24
  • 通讯作者: 倪旭东 E-mail:nienguang@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省自然基金(LY16G020019);教育部基金(16YJA630039);国家自然基金(71102114)

Eliminating the negative impact of subgroups by exchanging members in the subgroups

NI Xudong(),JI Baile   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Sci-tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2018-02-06 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2018-12-24
  • Contact: Xudong NI E-mail:nienguang@126.com

摘要:

本文探究子团队层面的团队构成动态变化, 即子团队成员交换是否有助于消除子团队的消极影响。本文将存在两个平衡的以认同为基础的子团队的团队作为研究对象, 试图通过实验的研究方法来探讨子团队成员交换是否能够消除子团队对团队的消极影响。通过对75组子团队进行实验后发现: (1)相较于无子团队成员交换的团队, 有子团队成员交换的团队其团队信息深化及团队决策质量更佳; (2)团队信息深化在子团队成员交换与团队决策质量关系间呈中介作用。

关键词: 子团队, 子团队成员交换, 团队信息深化, 团队决策质量

Abstract:

The core of team research has shifted from team diversity to team faultlines and from faultlines to subgroups. In other words, the study of subgroups is the developmental direction of the study of team diversity and faultlines. Numerous studies have documented the negative effects of subgroups on group functioning, and scholars have explored whether team situations can eliminate such negative influence. However, no studies have explored whether the dynamic change of team composition at the subgroup level, such as subgroup member exchange, can eliminate this negative influence. This study aims to fill the research gap by focusing on this topic.
This research investigates teams with two balanced and identity-based subgroups as the research objects, and uses experimental research methods to explore whether subgroup member exchange can eliminate the negative impact of subgroups on team outcomes. By conducting experiments on 75 temporary teams (38 teams with subgroup member exchanges and 37 teams with no subgroup member exchange), this paper finds that (1) subgroup member exchange has a positive effect on team information elaboration and team decision quality and that (2) team information elaboration plays an intermediary role in the relationship between subgroup member exchange and team decision quality.
The theoretical contributions of this study are as follows: (1) it confirms whether variables at the subgroup level can eliminate the negative effects of subgroups on team functioning and proposes the concept of subgroup member exchange, and (2) it enriches the theory of CEM with subgroups involved in the path, which aims to develop team decision quality through information elaboration. The practical contributions of this study are two-fold. (1) It improves the ability of a team to solve complex tasks and managers can promote the movement of members among subgroups, such as providing them with the opportunity to work together, and valuing more interpersonal rather than inter-subgroup differences. (2) It increases team decision quality by allowing managers to create conditions to improve the degree of team information elaboration, such as fostering pro-diversity beliefs by communicating member’s belief in the value of diversity, and by explaining how task performance can benefit from the diversity of information and perspectives.
Although this research has provided theoretical contributions in subgroup research, numerous areas have yet to be explored. In the future, research on this topic can be improved by the following: (1) scholars can continue to explore how other changes in group composition can affect subgroup mechanism in the dynamic framework, and (2) scholars can continue to expand the CEM theory on subgroup backgrounds and investigate whether team information elaboration plays an active role in diversity, faultlines, and subgroups.

Key words: subgroup, subgroup member exchange, team information elaboration, team decision quality

中图分类号: