Please wait a minute...
心理学报  2018, Vol. 50 Issue (10): 1151-1158    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.01151
     研究报告 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
社会支持对老年人社会幸福感的影响机制:希望与孤独感的中介作用
姚若松,郭梦诗,叶浩生()
广州大学教育学院, 广州 510006
The mediating effects of hope and loneliness on the relationship between social support and social well-being in the elderly
Ruosong YAO,Mengshi GUO,Haosheng YE()
Department of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
全文: PDF(480 KB)   HTML 评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要 

基于积极心理学, 采用问卷调查法, 对859名老年人进行调查, 探讨社会支持对老年人社会幸福感的影响机制, 并检验希望与孤独感的中介效应模型及其模型适用性, 借此构建四个变量之间的关系模型, 探索促进老年人心理健康发展的内在机制。结果表明:(1)社会支持、希望、孤独感与社会幸福感之间两两相关显著, 社会支持、希望和孤独感是影响老年人社会幸福感的重要因素; (2)社会支持通过希望对社会幸福感影响的中介效应显著; (3)社会支持通过孤独感对社会幸福感影响的中介效应显著; (4)在同时检验希望和孤独感在社会支持影响社会幸福感的多重中介效应时, 二者在社会支持和社会幸福感间均起部分中介作用。研究结果证实了社会支持影响社会幸福感及希望和孤独感部分中介作用的心理机制, 为提高老年人心理健康水平提供了参考建议。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
姚若松
郭梦诗
叶浩生
关键词 社会支持社会幸福感希望孤独感中介作用老年人    
Abstract

Aging is a complex process of physical, psychological and social changes. With the advent of the era of China’s aging, the physical and mental health of the elderly has drawn more and more attention by our society. Aging is set of unavoidable and irreversible processes, but it is possible to age gracefully. Successful aging has always been an important subject in positive psychology. It focuses on the development of the mental health of the elderly.

Based on the theory of positive psychology, the current study investigated the mediating effects of hope and loneliness on the relationship between perceived social support and social well-being in the elderly via a questionnaire survey. In addition, the indirect effect model of hope was verified to establish the relationship model among these three variables and to explore the internal mechanism that enhances the development of psychological well-being among the elderly.

The findings indicate the following: (1) social support, hope, and loneliness are all related to social well-being; (2) social support plays a vital role in social well-being among the elderly; (3) hope plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between social support and social well-being; (4) loneliness plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between social support and social well-being; and (5) hope and loneliness play part of the mediating role of the multiple mediating effects that social support affect social well-being.

The current study validates the impact of social support on social well-being and the partially mediating roles of hope and loneliness. Accordingly, this study enriches positive psychology research and can ease the psychological health of the elderly to provide an effective empirical basis, and it provides suggestions for the well-being education of the elderly. The study is beneficial to improving the mental health of the elderly in practice, to improve the awareness of the elderly for seeking social support, and promote the good mentality of elderly training. In addition, the study is helpful to reduce the negative experience of loneliness, enhance their hope for future life, and so improve the social well-being of older people.

Key wordssocial support    social well-being    hope    loneliness    intermediation    the elderly
收稿日期: 2017-09-26      出版日期: 2018-08-23
中图分类号:  B844  
基金资助:* 教育部2015年重点课题(老年教育与青少年教育的对比研究:社会支持和希望对积极情绪体验的影响; 批准号:DBA150238)。
引用本文:   
姚若松,郭梦诗,叶浩生. (2018). 社会支持对老年人社会幸福感的影响机制:希望与孤独感的中介作用. 心理学报, 50(10): 1151-1158.
Ruosong YAO,Mengshi GUO,Haosheng YE. (2018). The mediating effects of hope and loneliness on the relationship between social support and social well-being in the elderly. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 50(10), 1151-1158.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.01151      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2018/V50/I10/1151
变量 M ± SD 社会支持 希望 孤独感
社会支持 -0.28 ± 4.34 -
希望 -0.22 ± 10.70 0.33** -
孤独感 0.19 ± 7.51 -0.41** -0.29** -
社会幸福感 -0.13 ± 4.12 0.43** 0.42** -0.31**
  社会支持、希望、孤独感和社会幸福感 相关关系分析(N = 859)
因变量 预测变量 R2 F Β t
社会
幸福感
主观支持 0.15 150.13*** 0.29 8.42***
对支持利用度 0.18 92.98*** 0.16 4.95***
客观支持 0.19 67.84*** 0.13 4.82***
社会
实现
主观支持 0.09 87.49*** 0.23 6.40***
对支持利用度 0.11 52.27*** 0.12 3.47***
客观支持 0.12 38.29*** 0.11 3.05**
社会
和谐
主观支持 0.04 41.46*** 0.18 5.07***
对支持利用度 0.05 24.87*** 0.11 2.82**
客观支持 0.05 22.64*** 0.10 2.72**
社会
整合
主观支持 0.10 98.67*** 0.24 6.66***
对支持利用度 0.12 60.49*** 0.14 3.95***
客观支持 0.13 44.90*** 0.12 3.48***
社会
认同
主观支持 0.09 89.57*** 0.24 6.69***
对支持利用度 0.11 51.62*** 0.11 3.10**
客观支持 0.12 37.24*** 0.10 2.77**
社会
贡献
主观支持 0.05 45.34*** 0.13 3.58***
对支持利用度 0.07 33.68*** 0.14 3.96***
客观支持 0.09 28.00*** 0.14 3.94***
  社会支持各维度对社会幸福感各维度的多元回归分析(N = 859)
模型 χ2/df RMSEA GFI AGFI NFI IFI CFI
a 6.34 0.08 0.96 0.92 0.91 0.92 0.92
b 2.46 0.04 0.99 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98
c 5.58 0.07 0.95 0.92 0.91 0.93 0.93
  各个模型的拟合指数
  社会支持、希望、孤独感和社会幸福感的关系模型及标准化路径系数 注:ZGZC、KGZC、ZCLY是社会支持的3个维度:主观支持、客观支持、对支持的利用度; LJSW、YYDL是希望的2个维度:路径思维、意愿动力; SJGD、QXGD是孤独感的2个维度:社交孤独、情绪孤独; SHSX、SHHX、SHZH、SHRT、SHGX是社会幸福感的5个维度:社会实现、社会和谐、社会整合、社会认同、社会贡献。
[1] Ayalon L., Shiovitz-Ezra S., & Palgi Y . ( 2013). Associations of loneliness in older married men and women. Aging & mental health, 17( 1), 33-39.
pmid: 22788950
[2] Beal C . ( 2006). Loneliness in older women: A review of the literature. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 27( 7), 795-813.
pmid: 16849264
[3] Cao R., Li F., & Zhang H. X . ( 2013). From subjective well- being to psychological well-being and social well-being - A new perspective of positive psychology. Journal of Tianjin Academy of Educational Science, 5, 68-70.
[ 曹瑞, 李芳, 张海霞 . ( 2013). 从主观幸福感到心理幸福感、社会幸福感--积极心理学研究的新视角. 天津市教科院学报, 5, 68-70.]
[4] Chalise H. N., Saito T., & Kai I . ( 2007). Correlates of loneliness among older Newar adults in Nepal. Japanese Journal of Public Health, 54( 7), 427-433.
pmid: 17763707
[5] Chen H.B., &Miao Y.J . ( 2012). The relationship among subjective well-being, psychological well-being and social well-being. Psychological Research, 5, 46-52.
[ 陈浩彬, 苗元江 . ( 2012). 主观幸福感、心理幸福感与社会幸福感的关系研究. 心理研究,5, 46-52.]
[6] Chen K., &Zhang Y.Y . ( 2013). Study of mediating effect of loneliness on social support and subjective well-being of college students. Journal of Chongqing University (Social Science Edition), 19, 172-176.
[ 陈抗, 张英彦 . ( 2013). 大学生孤独感对社会支持与主观幸福感的中介效应研究. 重庆大学学报(社会科学版), 19, 172-176.]
[7] Crane M.F .( 2014). The differential impact of agency and pathway thinking on goal pursuit and university exam performance. Personality and Individual Differences. 58, 20-25.
[8] Demirli A., Türkmen M., & Arık R. S . ( 2015). Investigation of dispositional and state hope levels’ relations with student subjective well-being. Social Indicators Research, 120( 2), 601-613.
[9] Doolittle B.R., & Farrell M . ( 2004). The association between spirituality and depression in an urban clinic. Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatr, 6( 3), 114-118.
pmid: 15361925
[10] Dreyer J., & Schwartz-Attias I .( 2014). Nursing care for adolescents and young adults with cancer: literature review. Acta Haematol, 132, 363-374.
pmid: 25228562
[11] Fang J., Zhang M.Q., & Qiu H.Z . ( 2012). Testing method and effect measure of intermediary effect: Retrospect and prospect. Psychological Development and Education. 28( 1), 105-111.
[ 方杰, 张敏强, 邱皓政 . ( 2012). 中介效应的检验方法和效果量测量:回顾与展望. 心理发展与教育, 28( 1), 105-111.]
[12] Farhadi M., Reisi-Dehkordi N., Kalantari M., & Zargham-Boroujeni A .( 2014). Efficacy of group meaning centered hope therapy of cancer patients and their families on patients’ quality of life. Iranian Journal of Nursing & Midwifery Research, 19( 3), 290-294.
[13] Keyes C. L.M . ( 1998). Social well-being. Social Psychology Quarterly, 61, 121-140.
[14] Kong F., Wang T. Z., Li C. N., He J., Wang J., & You X.Q . ( 2012). The Mechanism of the influence of social support, loneliness, and self-esteem on subjective well-being. Journal of Psychological Science, 35( 2), 408-411.
[ 孔风, 王庭照, 李彩娜, 和娟, 王瑾, 游旭群 . ( 2012). 大学生社会支持、孤独及自尊对主观幸福感的作用机制研究. 心理科学, 35( 2), 408-411.]
[15] Kuhirunyaratn P., Pongpanich S., Somrongthong R., Love E.J., & Chapman R.S .( 2007). Social support among elderly in Khon Kean Province, Thailand. Southeast Asian. Journal of Tropical Medicine & Public Health,38( 5), 936-946.
pmid: 18041315
[16] Lin C.C., &Yeh Y.C . ( 2014). How gratitude influences wellbeing: A structural equation modeling approach. Social Indicators Research, 118, 205-217.
[17] Liu X., Huang X.T .( 2010). Social support and its mechanism for mental health. Psychological Research,3( 1), 3-8.
[ 刘晓, 黄希庭 . ( 2010). 社会支持及其对心理健康的作用机制. 心理研究, 3( 1), 3-8. ]
[18] Luo B.J., Qin H.Y., &Zheng M.C .( 2014). Correlation between social relational quality and hope among patients with permanent colostomies. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 1( 4), 405-409.
[19] Miao Y.J., &Wang Q.H, .( 2009). An empirical study on social well-being. Journal of Gannan Normal University. 30( 4), 76-81.
[ 苗元江, 王青华 . ( 2009). 大学生社会幸福感调查研究. 赣南师范学院学报, 30( 4), 76-81.]
[20] Murphy F .( 2006). Loneliness: A challenge for nurses caring for older people. Nursing Older People, 18( 5), 22-25.
[21] Muyan M., Chang E.C., Jilani Z., Yu T., Lin J., & Hirsch J.K . ( 2016). Loneliness and negative affective conditions in adults: Is there any room for hope in predicting anxiety and depressive symptoms? Journal of Psychology, 150( 3), 333-341.
[22] Pacico J. C., Bastianello M. R., Zanon C., & Hutz C. S . ( 2013). Adaptation and validation of the dispositional hope scale for adolescents. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 26( 3), 488-492.
[23] Park H., Heppner P. P., & Lee D . ( 2010). Maladaptive coping and self-esteem as mediators between perfectionism and psychological distress. Personality and Individual Differences, 48( 4), 469-474.
[24] Rand K.L., Cripe L.D., Monahan P.O., Tong Y., Schmidt K., & Rawl S.M .( 2012). Illness appraisal, religious coping, and psychological responses in men with advanced cancer. Support Care in Cancer, 20( 8), 1719-1728.
[25] Ren J . ( 2006). Positive psychology. Shanghai, China: Shanghai Educational Publishing House.
[ 任俊 . ( 2006). 积极心理学. 上海: 上海教育出版社.]
[26] Rock E.E, Steiner J.L, Rand K.L, &Bigatti S.M . ( 2014). Dyadic influence of hope and optimism on patient marital satisfaction among couples with advanced breast cancer. Support Care in Cancer, 22( 9), 2351-2359.
[27] Roesch S. C., Duangado K. M., Vaughn A. A., Aldridge A. A., & Villodas F . ( 2010). Dispositional hope and the propensity to cope: A daily diary assessment of minority adolescents. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16( 2), 191-198.
[28] Rueger S.Y., Malecki C.K., Pyun Y., Aycock C., & Coyle S . ( 2016). A meta-analytic review of the association between perceived social support and depression in childhood and adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 142( 10), 1017-1067.
[29] Salehi A., Marzban M., Sourosh M., Sharif F., Nejabat M., & Hadi Imanieh M . ( 2017). Social well-being and related factors in students of school of nursing and midwifery. International Journal of Community Based Nursing & Midwifery, 5( 1), 82-90.
[30] Scioli A., Ricci M., Nyugen T., & Scioli E. R . ( 2011). Hope: Its nature and measurement. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3( 2), 78-97.
[31] Sharabi A., Levi U., & Margalit M . ( 2012). Children's loneliness, sense of coherence, family climate, and hope: Developmental risk and protective factors. The Journal of Psychology, 146( 1-2), 61-83.
[32] Snyder C.R .( 2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13( 4), 249-275.
[33] Wei Y., Liu X. D., & Zhang Y. P . ( 2010). Impact of social support on loneliness of rural female elderly. Population Journal, 4, 41-47.
[ 韦艳, 刘旭东, 张艳平 . ( 2010). 社会支持对农村老年女性孤独感的影响研究. 人口学刊, 4, 41-47.]
[34] Weiss R. S. .( 1973). Loneliness: The experience of emotional and social isolation. Cambridge, MA, US: The MIT Press.
[35] Wu J. .( 2008). Relationship among social support, loneliness and subjective well-being of the elderly. Psychological Science,31( 4), 984-986.
[ 吴捷 . ( 2008). 老年人社会支持, 孤独感与主观幸福感的关系. 心理科学, 31( 4), 984-986.]
[36] Xiao S.Y . ( 1994). The theoretical foundation and application of social support rating scale. Journal of Clinical Psychological Medicine, 4( 2), 98-100.
[ 肖水源 . ( 1994). 《社会支持评定量表》的理论基础与研究应用. 临床精神医学杂志, 4( 2), 98-100.]
[37] Zhong J.T . ( 2012). The relationship between social support hope in senior high school students. Journal of Primary and Secondary Education, 9, 16-19.
[ 钟剑涛 . ( 2012). 高中生社会支持与希望特质的关系. 中小学心理健康教育, 9( 9), 16-19.]
[38] Zhou H, &Long L.R . ( 2004). Statistical remedies for common method biases. Advances in Psychological Science, 12( 6), 942-950.
[ 周浩, 龙立荣 . ( 2004). 共同方法偏差的统计检验与控制方法. 心理科学进展, 12( 6), 942-950.]
[39] Zhou S.X . ( 2013). The relation between social support and authentic well-being: Hope as a mediator. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 21( 3), 515-517.
[ 周蜀溪 . ( 2013). 社会支持与真实幸福感的关系: 希望的中介作用. 中国临床心理学杂志, 21( 3), 515-517.]
[1] 吴国婷, 张敏强, 倪雨菡, 杨亚威, 漆成明, 吴健星. 老年人孤独感及其影响因素的潜在转变分析[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(9): 1061-1070.
[2] 谢其利,李崇敬,全小山,何飞,江光荣. 少年夫妻老来伴:夫妻依恋与留守老人孤独感[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(7): 771-781.
[3] 彭华茂,毛晓飞. 抑制对老年人舌尖现象的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(10): 1142-1150.
[4] 顾红磊, 刘君, 夏天生.  家庭社会经济地位对小学生阅读自主性的影响: 父母鼓励和阅读动机的中介作用[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(8): 1063-1071.
[5] 张奇林;周艺梦. 中国城镇低龄退休老年人工作与幸福感的关系[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(4): 472-481.
[6] 周宵, 伍新春, 王文超, 田雨馨.  社会支持、创伤后应激障碍与创伤后成长之间的关系:来自雅安地震后小学生的追踪研究[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(11): 1428-1438.
[7] 周宵;伍新春;曾旻;田雨馨. 青少年的情绪调节策略对创伤后应激障碍和创伤后成长的影响:社会支持的调节作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(8): 969-980.
[8] 王大华;杨小洋;王岩;Richard B. Miller. 老年人夫妻依恋的测量及与一般依恋的关系[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(9): 1133-1142.
[9] 周爱保;刘沛汝;张彦驰;尹玉龙. 老年人的朋友参照效应[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(9): 1143-1151.
[10] 陈瑞;郑毓煌. 孤独感对不确定消费偏好的影响:新产品、产品包装和概率促销中的表现[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(8): 1067-1076.
[11] 陈栩茜;张积家;朱云霞. 言语产生老化中的抑制损伤:来自不同任务的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(3): 329-343.
[12] 孙亚文;贺雯;罗俊龙. 随迁儿童元刻板印象威胁对工作记忆的影响:群际焦虑的中介作用[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(11): 1349-1359.
[13] 肖红蕊;龚先旻;王大华. 老年人错误记忆的情绪效价和时间效应[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(7): 922-930.
[14] 田录梅;张文新;陈光辉. 父母支持、友谊质量对孤独感和抑郁的影响:检验一个间接效应模型[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(2): 238-251.
[15] 周宵;伍新春;安媛媛;陈杰灵. 青少年核心信念挑战对创伤后成长的影响:反刍与社会支持的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(10): 1509-1520.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn