Please wait a minute...
心理学报  2018, Vol. 50 Issue (8): 880-891    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00880
  研究报告 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于定量脑电图的音乐和灯光颜色对情绪的影响
卢伟1 ,黄尔齐1 ,原晋霞2
1南京农业大学工学院, 南京 210031;
2南京师范大学教育科学学院, 南京 210097
The effects of music mode and lamplight color on human emotion based on quantitative EEG
LU Wei1,HUANG Erqi1,YUAN Jinxia2
1 Nanjing Agricultural University, College of Engineering, Nanjing 210031, China;
2 Nanjing Normal University, School of Education Science, Nanjing 210097, China
全文: PDF(1882 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要 研究利用定量脑电图(quatitative electroencephalograhy, qEEG)技术和自我报告法分析音乐和灯光颜色对情绪的影响。实验基于效价–唤醒度框架评价情绪。实验1考察3种灯光颜色和4种音乐调式作为单环境因素刺激的主观结果和EEG信号, 实验2考察3种灯光颜色与4种音乐调式作为双环境因素刺激的主观结果和EEG信号。研究发现:(1)通过qEEG技术研究不同类型的音乐调式和灯光颜色对人情绪的影响是可行的。(2)大调、宫调音乐和绿色灯光对情绪产生积极影响, 小调、羽调音乐和红色灯光对情绪产生消极影响。(3)音乐和灯光双环境因素对情绪同时刺激时, 具有交互作用, 情绪正相关影响双环境因素对情绪影响有加强, 负相关影响双环境因素对情绪影响有削弱。(4)在灯光颜色与音乐作为双环境因素刺激被试时, 主要由音乐调式影响情绪变化, 但是灯光颜色与音乐调式组合时, 对情绪影响程度依然有显著差异。(5)音乐刺激本身具有的情绪信息与被试被诱发的情绪相一致, 灯光颜色的情绪标签与被试被影响的情绪基本一致。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
卢伟
黄尔齐
原晋霞
关键词 qEEG音乐情绪灯光颜色    
Abstract:Numerous studies showed that music mode and lamplight color impact audiences’ emotions. It’s generally accepted that major-mode, Chinese ancient Gong-mode and red light are associated with excited and vigorous emotions. Minor-mode, Chinese ancient Yu-mode, and blue and green light have characteristics of calm and contented emotion. Furthermore, recent studies indicated that both music modes and lamplight colors induce emotional changes. Beyond exploring the effects of two emotional stimuli on emotional induction, this study validated the consistency of emotional information of the stimuli with the two emotional stimulations.

Participants (total 41) were divided into two groups randomly to take part in different experiments. In the first experiment, three lamplight colors and four music modes were stimulated on 21 participants to study their subjective perception. Simultaneously, the EEG data of participants were collected. In the second experiment, dual-factor stimulations with three lamplight colors and four music modes were applied on 20 participants to evaluate their subjective perception, with the EEG data collected. Before each experiment, every participant was asked to execute two moderately difficult calculations to clear their minds. The average frequency band power of EEG was calculated and the subjective emotional evaluation was done at the end of each experiment.

The first experiment showed that major-mode and Chinese ancient Gong-mode tunes were positive emotional stimuli; on the contrary, minor-mode and Chinese ancient Yu-mode tunes were negative. The arousal degree of tri-color light (red, blue, and green) is greater than the minor-mode tune. The second experiment revealed that red lamplight color inhibited the effect of tune mode on emotional potency. Despite the fact that blue and green lamplight colors promoted the effect of Western tune mode, they inhibited that of Oriental tune mode.

The study concluded as below. (1) It is feasible to study the effects of different tuned modes and lamplight colors on human emotion using qEEG technology. (2) Western major mode tunes, Chinese ancient Gong-mode tunes and green lamplight color have positive effects on the human mood emotion. However, Western minor mode tunes, Chinese ancient Yu-mode tunes and red light color have negative effects on the human emotion. (3) Tune mode and lamplight color have interactive effects on human emotion, which can strengthen emotion under the condition of positive correlation and vice versa. (4) Tune mode is the main factor for affecting human emotion when the two factors of tune mode and lamplight color act as stimuli simultaneously. However, lamplight color also has significant contributions and differences for emotional effect when the two factors are combined. (5) The emotional information of the stimulating tune is consistent with the induced emotions. The mood labels of the lamplight colors are generally related to the responded emotions.

Key wordsqEEG    tune    emotion    lamplight color
     出版日期: 2018-07-02
ZTFLH:  B842  
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金(51405239); 江苏省农机三新工程项目(SZ120170036); Asia hub on WEF and Agriculture, NAU-MSU联合研究项目(2017-H-11)
通讯作者: 卢伟, E-mail: njaurobot@njau.edu.cn   
引用本文:   
卢伟, 黄尔齐, 原晋霞. 基于定量脑电图的音乐和灯光颜色对情绪的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(8): 880-891.
LU Wei, HUANG Erqi, YUAN Jinxia. The effects of music mode and lamplight color on human emotion based on quantitative EEG. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(8): 880-891.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00880      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2018/V50/I8/880
Aftanas, L. I., Varlamov, A. A., Pavlov, S. V., Makhnev, V. P., & Reva, N. V. (2002). Time-dependent cortical asymmetries induced by emotional arousal: EEG analysis of event- related synchronization and desynchronization in individually defined frequency bands. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 44(1), 67–82.
Bai, X. J., Ma, X., & Tao, Y. (2016). The response effects of Chinese and western music on emotion. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 48(7), 757–769.
[白学军, 马谐, 陶云. (2016). 中-西方音乐对情绪的诱发效应. 心理学报, 48(7), 757–769.]
Bakker, D. R., & Martin, F. H. (2015). Musical chords and emotion: Major and minor triads are processed for emotion. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15(1), 15–31.
Barbiere, J., Vidal, A., & Zellner, D. (2007). The color of music: Correspondence through emotion. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 25(2), 193–208.
Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: The self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25(1), 49–59.
Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (2007). The international affective digitized sounds: Affective ratings of sounds and instruction manual (2nd ed). Gainesville, FL: University of Florida.
Bresin, R., & Friberg, A. (2011). Emotion rendering in music: Range and characteristic values of seven musical variables. Cortex, 47(9), 1068–1081.
Brookhuis, K. A., & de Waard, D. (2001). Assessment of drivers' workload: Performance and subjective and physiological indexes. In P. A. Hancock, & P. A. Desmond (Eds.), Stress, workload, and fatigue. Mahwah, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Buechner, V. L., Maier, M. A., Lichtenfeld, S., & Elliot, A. J. (2015). Emotion expression and color: Their joint influence on perceived attractiveness and social position. Current Psychology, 34(2), 422–433.
Bylsma, L. M., Morris, B. H., & Rottenberg, J. (2008). A meta-analysis of emotional reactivity in major depressive disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(4), 676–691.
Cai, Z. X., Zhang, Z. X., Wu, L. L., & Yu, Y. S. (2013). Clinical effect of Gong-tune of Wuxing-music therapy combination with “Lixu Jieyu Formula” in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. Acta Universitatis Traditionis Medicalis Sinensis Pharmacologiaeque Shanghai, 29(3), 18–22.
[蔡之幸, 张振贤, 吴丽丽, 余元殊. (2015). 五行宫调(正调式)音乐联合理虚解郁方治疗慢性疲劳综合征临床观察. 上海中医药大学学报, 29(3), 18–22.]
Cook, I. A., O'Hara, R., Uijtdehaage, S. H., Mandelkern, M., & Leuchter, A. F. (1998). Assessing the accuracy of topographic EEG mapping for determining local brain function. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 107(6), 408–414.
Elliot, A. J., & Maier, M. A. (2014). Color psychology: Effects of perceiving color on psychological functioning in humans. Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 95–120.
Elliot, A. J., Maier, M. A., Moller, A. C., Friedman, R., & Meinhardt, J. (2007). Color and psychological functioning: The effect of red on performance attainment. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136(1), 154–168.
Figueiro, M. G., Bierman, A., Plitnick, B., & Rea, M. S. (2009). Preliminary evidence that both blue and red light can induce alertness at night. BMC Neuroscience, 10, 105.
Geng, Y. Q. (2013). Effects research of Baduanjin & five-notes-music on the mental sub-health state (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine.
[耿元卿. (2013). 八段锦和五行音乐对心理亚健康状态干预作用的研究(博士学位论文), 南京中医药大学.]
Gilbert, A. N., Fridlund, A. J., & Lucchina, L. A. (2016). The color of emotion: A metric for implicit color associations. Food Quality and Preference, 52, 203–210.
Hsu, J. L., Zhen, Y. L., Lin, T. C., & Chiu, Y. S. (2018). Affective content analysis of music emotion through EEG. Multimedia Systems, 24: 195–210.
Iskra-Golec, I. M., Wazna, A., & Smith, L. (2012). Effects of blue-enriched light on the daily course of mood, sleepiness and light perception: A field experiment. Lighting Research & Technology, 44(4), 506–513.
Jaimovich, J., Coghlan, N., & Knapp, R. B. (2012). Emotion in motion: A study of music and affective response. In M. Aramaki, M. Barthet, B. Kronland-Martinet, & S. Ystad (Eds.), From sounds to music and emotions (vol. 7900, pp. 19–43). Berlin, Germany: Springer.
Jenni, R., Oechslin, M. S., & James, C. E. (2017). Impact of major and minor mode on EEG frequency range activities of music processing as a function of expertise. Neuroscience Letters, 647, 159–164.
Juslin, P. N., Liljestr?m, S., V?stfj?ll, D., Barradas, G., & Silva, A. (2008). An experience sampling study of emotional reactions to music: Listener, music, and situation. Emotion, 8(5), 668–683.
Kaya, N., & Epps, H. H. (2004). Relationship between color and emotion: A study of college students. College Student Journal, 38(3), 396–405.
Knez, I. (1995). Effects of indoor lighting on mood and cognition. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15(1), 39–51.
Koelsch, S., Fritz, T., V Cramon, D. Y., Müller, K., & Friederici, A. D. (2006). Investigating emotion with music: An fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 27(3), 239–250.
Kone?ni, V. J. (2008). Does music induce emotion? A theoretical and methodological analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 2(2), 115–129.
Kroemer, K. H. E., Kroemer, H. B., & Kroemer-Elbert, K. E. (1994). Ergonomics: How to design for ease and efficiency. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice-Hall.
Kwallek, N., & Lewis, C. M. (1990). Effects of environmental colour on males and females: A red or white or green office. Applied Ergonomics, 21(4), 275–278.
Lang, P. J. (1995). The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention. American Psychologist, 50(5), 372–385.
Lee, I. E., Latchoumane, C.-F. V., & Jeong, J. (2017). Arousal rules: An empirical investigation into the aesthetic experience of cross-modal perception with emotional visual music. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 440.
Li, M. (Ed). (2007). Analysis of music works. Chongqing, China: Southwest China Normal University Press.
[李虻. (主编). (2007). 音乐作品曲式分析. 重庆: 西南师范大学出版社.]
Liu, X. F., Niu, X., Feng, Q. J., & Liu, Y. M. (2014). Effects of five-element music therapy on elderly people with seasonal affective disorder in a Chinese nursing home. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 34(2), 159–161.
Maher, A. M., Kirkup, L., Swift, P., Martin, D., Searle, A., Tran, Y., & Craig, A. (2001). Effect of luminance level on electro-encephalogram alpha-wave synchronisation. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 39(6), 672–677.
Meier, B. P., Robinson, M. D., & Clore, G. L. (2004). Why good guys wear white: Automatic inferences about stimulus valence based on brightness. Psychological Science, 15(2), 82–87.
Min, B. K., Jung, Y. C., Kim, E., & Park, J. Y. (2013). Bright illumination reduces parietal EEG alpha activity during a sustained attention task. Brain Research, 1538, 83–92.
Moharreri, S., Rezaei, S., Dabanloo, N. J., & Parvaneh, S. (2014). Study of induced emotion by color stimuli: Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability. In Proceedings of 2014 computing in cardiology (pp. 977–980). Cambridge, MA, USA: IEEE.
Moller, A. C., Elliot, A. J., & Maier, M. A. (2009). Basic hue-meaning associations. Emotion, 9(6), 898–902.
Naranjo, C., Kornreich, C., Campanella, S., No?l, X., Vandriette, Y., & Gillain, B., … Constant, E. (2011). Major depression is associated with impaired processing of emotion in music as well as in facial and vocal stimuli. Journal of Affective Disorders, 128(3), 243–251.
Nidal, K., & Malik, A. S. (Eds). (2014). EEG/ERP analysis: Methods and applications. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press.
Oechslin, M. S., van de Ville, D., Lazeyras, F., Hauert, C.-A., & James, C. E. (2013). Degree of musical expertise modulates higher order brain functioning. Cerebral Cortex, 23(9), 2213–2224.
Park, J. Y., Ha, R.-Y., Ryu, V., Kim, E., & Jung, Y.-C. (2013). Effects of color temperature and brightness on electroencephalogram alpha activity in a polychromatic light-emitting diode. Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience, 11(3), 126.
Patel, N. D. (2011). An EEG-based dual-channel imaginary motion classification for brain computer interface (Unpublished master’s thesis). Beaumont City, USA: Lamar University.
Pham, T. D., Tran, D., Ma, W., & Tran, N. T. (2015). Enhancing performance of EEG-based emotion recognition systems using feature smoothing. In S. Arik, T. W. Huang, W. K. Lai, & Q. S. Liu (Eds.), Neural information processing (vol. 9492, pp. 95–102). Cham, Germany: Springer.
Phipps-Nelson, J., Redman, J. R., Schlangen, L. J. M., & Rajaratnam, S. M. W. (2009). Blue light exposure reduces objective measures of sleepiness during prolonged nighttime performance testing. Chronobiology International, 26(5), 891–912.
Plitnick, B., Figueiro, M. G., Wood, B., & Rea, M. S. (2010). The effects of red and blue light on alertness and mood at night. Lighting Research & Technology, 42(4), 449–458.
Qin, Y., Xu, P., & Yao, D. (2010). A comparative study of different references for EEG default mode network: The use of the infinity reference. Clinical Neurophysiology, 121(12), 1981–1991.
Russel, J. A. (1980). A circumplex model of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(6), 1161–1178.
Sackeim, H. A., Greenberg, M. S., Weiman, A. L., Gur, R. C., Hungerbuhler, J. P., & Geschwind, N. (1982). Hemispheric asymmetry in the expression of positive and negative emotions. Neurologic evidence. Archives of Neurology, 39(4), 210–218.
Schutter, D. J., van Honk, J., d'Alfonso, A. A., Postma, A., & de Haan, E. H. (2001). Effects of slow rTMS at the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on EEG asymmetry and mood. Neuroreport, 12(3), 445–447.
Shi, Z. (2010). Formation and development of western music analysis disciplines: Also on its influence upon Chinese music analysis discipline. Hundred Schools in Arts, 26(3), 171–175, 195.
[施忠. (2010). 西方音乐分析学科的形成与发展——兼论对我国音乐分析学科的影响. 艺术百家, 26(3), 171–175, 195.]
Shin, Y.-B., Woo, S.-H., Kim, D.-H., Kim, J., Kim, J.-J., & Park, J. Y. (2015). The effect on emotions and brain activity by the direct/indirect lighting in the residential environment. Neuroscience Letters, 584, 28–32.
Sutton, T. M., & Altarriba, J. (2016). Color associations to emotion and emotion-laden words: A collection of norms for stimulus construction and selection. Behavior Research Methods, 48(2), 686–728.
Tantanatewin, W., & Inkarojrit, V. (2016). Effects of color and lighting on retail impression and identity. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 46, 197–205.
Thayer, R. E. (1990). Biopsychology of mood and arousal. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Vieillard, S., Peretz, I., Gosselin, N., Khalfa, S., Gagnon, L., & Bouchard, B. (2008). Happy, sad, scary and peaceful musical excerpts for research on emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 22(4), 720–752.
Viola, A. U., James, L. M., Schlangen, L. J., & Dijk, D.-J. (2008). Blue-enriched white light in the workplace improves self-reported alertness, performance and sleep quality. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 34(4), 297–306.
Wang, J. F., & Zhang, N. (2009). Effect of the Yu-tone music to reduction of fear emotion. Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science, 18(4), 354–356.
[王金芳, 张宁. (2009). 羽调音乐对大学生恐惧情绪的缓解作用. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志, 18(4), 354–356.]
Yoto, A., Katsuura, T., Iwanaga, K., & Shimomura, Y. (2007). Effects of object color stimuli on human brain activities in perception and attention referred to EEG alpha band response. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 26(3), 373–379.
Zhang, H. & Tang, Z. (2011). To judge what color the subject watched by color effect on brain activity. IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 11(2), 80–83.
[1] 胡金生, 李骋诗, 王琦, 李松泽, 李涛涛, 刘淑清. 孤独症青少年的情绪韵律注意偏向缺陷:低效率的知觉模式[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(6): 637-646.
[2] 叶婉青, 李晓彤, 王大华. 老年人对夫妻间负性事件的认知性情绪调节策略及其与婚姻满意度的关系:交叉滞后分析[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(4): 426-435.
[3] 李巧, 刘凤军.  模糊产品展示对产品态度的影响机制[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(3): 349-357.
[4] 张秀玲, 庞兆阳, 姜云鹏, 张明, 蒋毅.  情绪学习促进无意识信息进入意识[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(3): 253-259.
[5] 宫秀双, 蒋晶.  撞衫对消费者产品处置意向的 影响及其心理机制[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(3): 337-348.
[6] 窦凯, 刘耀中, 王玉洁, 聂衍刚.  “乐”于合作:感知社会善念诱导合作行为的情绪机制[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(1): 101-114.
[7] 高淇, 白学军.  中英流行背景音乐 对大学生中英词汇记忆的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(1): 1-8.
[8] 焦江丽, 刘毅, 闻素霞.  不同熟练类型双语者情绪Stroop中的自动化情绪通达[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(9): 1150-1157.
[9] 宋晓蕾, 张俊婷, 石杰, 游旭群.  语音反应方式下情绪效价对空间Simon效应的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(8): 1031-1040.
[10] 吕梦思, 席居哲, 罗一睿.  不同心理弹性者的日常情绪特征: 结合体验采样研究的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(7): 928-940.
[11] 龚少英, 上官晨雨, 翟奎虎, 郭雅薇.  情绪设计对多媒体学习的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(6): 771-782.
[12] 柯淳淳, 聂爱情, 张瑞卿.  回忆任务对合作抑制和错误修剪的调节 ——情绪效价和编码水平的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(6): 733-744.
[13] 云薏霏, 刘希平, 陈世平.  情绪在危机新闻框架和团体危机回应中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(6): 814-828.
[14] 杨海波;赵欣;汪洋;张磊;王瑞萌; 张毅;王力. PTSD青少年执行功能缺陷的情绪特异性[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(5): 643-652.
[15] 莫申江;施俊琦. 情绪劳动策略对主动破坏行为的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(3): 349-358.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn