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心理学报  2018, Vol. 50 Issue (3): 337-348    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00337
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 撞衫对消费者产品处置意向的 影响及其心理机制
 宫秀双; 蒋 晶
 (中国人民大学商学院, 北京 100872)
 The effect of incidental similarity (“dress same”) on consumers’ product disposition intentions and its underlying mechanism
 GONG Xiushuang; JIANG Jing
 (School of Business, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
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摘要  偶然相似性能够建立起人与人之间的关联感, 正向影响人们的态度和行为。但作为偶然相似性的表现形式之一, 撞衫却会引发消极的心理和行为后果。基于身份信号理论, 本研究通过4个实验考察了撞衫对消费者产品处置意向的影响及其内在心理机制, 以及外表吸引力的比较在上述影响中的调节作用。研究结果显示, 相较于非身份象征性产品, 身份象征性服装的偶然相似(即撞衫)会导致更高的产品处置意向, 由撞衫引发的尴尬情绪是其内在驱动机制, 并且以上效应被外表吸引力的比较所调节。对于外表吸引力的向上比较, 撞衫对产品处置行为意向的影响以及尴尬情绪的中介作用均得到加强; 对于外表吸引力的向下比较, 以上效应则被削弱。
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作者相关文章
宫秀双
蒋晶
关键词 撞衫 偶然相似性 产品处置意向 身份象征性 尴尬情绪 外表吸引力的比较    
Abstract: As a critical stage of consumer behavior, product disposition is closely related to the development of secondhand markets, ecology and public welfare. It is thus vital to examine the antecedents of product disposition behavior. Based on identity signaling perspective, we proposed a positive effect of “dress same” (i.e., incidental similarity of identity-signalling vs. non-identity-signaling products) on consumers’ product disposition intentions, with embarrassment as the underlying mechanism. Meanwhile, this paper also examined the moderating role of comparison of physical attractiveness in the aforementioned effect. Four studies were conducted to test our hypotheses. Study 1 was designed to test the main effect of “dress same”. Participants were randomly assigned to two conditions (i.e., incidental similarity of jacket vs. cellphone case). They were first instructed to read and imagine a scenario where they incidentally found a classmate wearing the same jacket (vs. using the same cellphone case) as theirs when they entered the classroom. Afterwards, they indicated their intentions to dispose of that jacket (vs. cellphone case). Study 2 was conducted on MTurk to test the mediating role of embarrassment and to preclude other alternative explanations. Similarly, participants read and imagined that they incidentally found a coworker wearing the same jacket (vs. riding the same bike) as theirs in a social interaction. Moods and product disposition intentions were measured subsequently. In study 3, we employed three product stimuli of the same product category (outfit: jacket vs. jeans vs. sports shoes) to rule out the confounding effect induced by product attributes and to enhance the robustness of our results. Study 4 further examined the moderating role of comparison of physical attractiveness using a 2 (incidental similarity of T-shirt vs. umbrella) * 2 (direction of comparison: upward vs. downward) between-subjects design. Comparison of physical attractiveness was manipulated by instructing participants to imagine that their physical attractiveness is superior or inferior to the person depicted in the scenario. In line with our predictions, “dress same” had a significant positive effect on consumers’ product disposition intentions, driven by feeling embarrassed. This effect was robust by using both student and non-student samples and independent of product visibility, price, and endowment effect. Moreover, our results also revealed a significant moderating role of comparison of physical attractiveness in the aforementioned effect. In the upward comparison condition, the main effect of “dress same” on product disposition intentions as well as the mediating effect of embarrassment was enhanced, but they were attenuated in the downward comparison condition. Our findings contribute to the literature in several different areas. First, by examining how “dress same” influences consumers’ product disposition intentions, this research enriches the literature of product disposition behavior in particular and consumer decisions in general. Second, our findings shed light on the literature of incidental similarity by exploring its negative consequences. Third, the current research contributes to the embarrassment literature by examining embarrassment in an important consumption context (i.e. “dress same”). Finally, we also extend the application of social comparison theory in consumer behavior research.
Key wordsdress same    incidental similarity    product disposition intentions    identity signaling    embarrassment    comparison of physical attractiveness
收稿日期: 2017-03-09      出版日期: 2018-02-01
ZTFLH:     
  B849: F713.55  
基金资助: 中国人民大学研究品牌计划基础研究项目(13XNI008)资助。
通讯作者: 蒋晶, E-mail: jiangjing@rmbs.ruc.edu.cn     E-mail: E-mail: jiangjing@rmbs.ruc.edu.cn
引用本文:   
宫秀双, 蒋晶.  撞衫对消费者产品处置意向的 影响及其心理机制[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(3): 337-348.
GONG Xiushuang, JIANG Jing.  The effect of incidental similarity (“dress same”) on consumers’ product disposition intentions and its underlying mechanism. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(3): 337-348.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00337      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2018/V50/I3/337
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