ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 101-114.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00101

• • 上一篇    下一篇

 “乐”于合作:感知社会善念诱导合作行为的情绪机制

 窦凯1,2;  刘耀中3;  王玉洁4;  聂衍刚1,2   

  1.  (1广州大学教育学院) (2广州大学广州人心理与行为研究中心, 广州 510006) (3暨南大学管理学院, 广州 510632) (4广东轻工职业技术学院马克思主义学院, 广州 510300)
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-28 出版日期:2018-01-25 发布日期:2017-11-28
  • 通讯作者: 聂衍刚, E-mail: niezi66@21cn.com
  • 基金资助:
      教育部人文社科青年基金项目(17YJCZH040); 广东省教育厅特色创新项目(2016GXJK128); 广东省哲学社会科学“十三五”规划课题青年项目(GD16YXL01); 广州市社科联2017年度“羊城青年学人”项目(17QNXR43); 国家自然科学基金面上项目(31671153)和广州大学新进“优秀青年博士”培养计划(YB201707)的资助。

 Willingness to cooperate: Emotion enhancement mechanism of perceived social mindfulness on cooperative behaviour

 DOU Kai1,2; LIU Yaozhong3; WANG Yujie4; NIE Yangang1,2   

  1.  (1 School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (2 Psychological and Behavior Research Center of Cantonese, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (3 School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China) (4 School of Marxism, Guangdong Industry Polytechnic, Guangzhou 510300, China)
  • Received:2016-10-28 Online:2018-01-25 Published:2017-11-28
  • Contact: NIE Yangang, E-mail: niezi66@21cn.com
  • Supported by:
     

摘要:  基于两个仿真行为实验, 考察了互动博弈中行为实施者的社会善念促进接受者合作行为的情绪机制。实验1采用“物品”选择游戏操控实施者的社会善念水平, 结果发现:接受高社会善念行为的被试体验到更强的积极情绪和更弱的消极情绪, 且愿意在随后的公共物品游戏中贡献更多的资源; 其中, 积极情绪在感知社会善念与合作行为间发挥着部分中介作用。实验2在实验1的基础上操纵被试在“纸牌”选择游戏中需要对手提供帮助的程度来设置自主性需要水平, 进而揭示自主性需要在社会善念增强积极情绪体验中的内在机制, 结果发现:除了证实实验1的结论外, 积极情绪在感知社会善念与合作行为间发挥着完全中介作用; 而自主性需要对感知社会善念—积极情绪关系起调节作用, 即相比于低自主性需要, 接受者的高自主性需要未得到满足时体验到的积极情绪更低。据此可认为, 积极情绪体验是实施者的社会善念促进接受者合作行为的中介机制, 而自主性需要的满足是获取积极情绪的根源。

关键词: 合作行为, 社会善念, 积极情绪, 自主性需要, 公共物品游戏

Abstract:  Cooperative behaviour is important for the sustainable development of human being. The underpinning mechanisms of the display and maintenance of this behaviour are, however, vastly unknown. These under-researched questions have attracted the attention of researchers in psychology, biology, economics, and neuroscience. In everyday life, cooperation is a complicated decision involving the cognitive perception of other peoples’ state of mind, emotion and behavioral intention during the interpersonal interaction. Cooperative behaviour happens in both individual and group levels. Besides motivated by economic reasons such as rewards and punishments, individuals may also cooperate because of social reasons, such as, trust and positive emotion. Social mindfulness means people notice and protect other’s autonomous needs in the process of interpersonal interactions. Social mindfulness is a crucial way to enhance other people’s positive emotion and establish interpersonal relationships. It provides a new perspective in the investigation of the dynamic processes underlying cooperative behaviour. Whether individuals will contribute more to the group depends on their experiencing of positive emotion in interpersonal interaction. The present research aims to investigate this process through two game experiments conducted in real contexts of interpersonal interaction. This research revealed how and why the people’s social mindfulness would influence recipient’s cooperative behaviour through positive emotion. Experiment 1 was in a between-subject design with people’s social mindfulness manipulated in a “selection of goods” game and the recipient’s positive emotion assessed after the game. The recipients participated in a public goods game and the amount of contribution served as an indicator of their cooperative behaviour. The results showed that recipients experiencing high social mindfulness in the “selection of goods” game reported more positive emotion and less negative emotion. More importantly, they were willing to contribute more resources in their subsequent public goods game. Positive emotion mediated the relation between perceived social mindfulness and cooperative behaviour. Based on the results in Experiment 1, we further examined the role of autonomous needs in the relation of social mindfulness and positive emotion in Experiment 2. In this experiment, the level of autonomous needs were manipulated by asking participants to select the amount of help they would like their opponents to give card selection game. The results showed that positive emotion mediated the relation between perceived social mindfulness and cooperative behaviour. Moreover, autonomous needs moderated the link of perceived social mindfulness and positive emotion. Specifically, as compared to those with low autonomous needs, recipients with high autonomous needs experienced less positive emotion when their needs were not satisfied. In conclusion, the present research demonstrates that positive emotion is an important mechanism which helps convey people’s social mindfulness and results in recipient’s cooperative behaviour. The satisfaction of autonomous needs is the basic reason obtaining positive emotion experience. These findings expanded the research on cooperative behaviour and provide evidence on the development of social mindfulness. The present findings shed light on daily decision and management on issues such as: (1) selecting right time to express social mindfulness; (2) enhancing employees’ well-being through social mindfulness; and (3) training employees’ social mindfulness and the helping them establish an “other people oriented” cognitive style.

Key words: cooperative behaviour, social mindfulness, positive emotion, need for autonomy, public good game

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