Please wait a minute...
心理学报  2018, Vol. 50 Issue (1): 101-114    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00101
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
 “乐”于合作:感知社会善念诱导合作行为的情绪机制
 窦凯1,2;  刘耀中3;  王玉洁4;  聂衍刚1,2
 (1广州大学教育学院) (2广州大学广州人心理与行为研究中心, 广州 510006) (3暨南大学管理学院, 广州 510632) (4广东轻工职业技术学院马克思主义学院, 广州 510300)
 Willingness to cooperate: Emotion enhancement mechanism of perceived social mindfulness on cooperative behaviour
 DOU Kai1,2; LIU Yaozhong3; WANG Yujie4; NIE Yangang1,2
 (1 School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (2 Psychological and Behavior Research Center of Cantonese, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (3 School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China) (4 School of Marxism, Guangdong Industry Polytechnic, Guangzhou 510300, China)
全文: PDF(770 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要  基于两个仿真行为实验, 考察了互动博弈中行为实施者的社会善念促进接受者合作行为的情绪机制。实验1采用“物品”选择游戏操控实施者的社会善念水平, 结果发现:接受高社会善念行为的被试体验到更强的积极情绪和更弱的消极情绪, 且愿意在随后的公共物品游戏中贡献更多的资源; 其中, 积极情绪在感知社会善念与合作行为间发挥着部分中介作用。实验2在实验1的基础上操纵被试在“纸牌”选择游戏中需要对手提供帮助的程度来设置自主性需要水平, 进而揭示自主性需要在社会善念增强积极情绪体验中的内在机制, 结果发现:除了证实实验1的结论外, 积极情绪在感知社会善念与合作行为间发挥着完全中介作用; 而自主性需要对感知社会善念—积极情绪关系起调节作用, 即相比于低自主性需要, 接受者的高自主性需要未得到满足时体验到的积极情绪更低。据此可认为, 积极情绪体验是实施者的社会善念促进接受者合作行为的中介机制, 而自主性需要的满足是获取积极情绪的根源。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
窦凯
刘耀中
王玉洁
聂衍刚
关键词 合作行为 社会善念 积极情绪 自主性需要 公共物品游戏    
Abstract: Cooperative behaviour is important for the sustainable development of human being. The underpinning mechanisms of the display and maintenance of this behaviour are, however, vastly unknown. These under-researched questions have attracted the attention of researchers in psychology, biology, economics, and neuroscience. In everyday life, cooperation is a complicated decision involving the cognitive perception of other peoples’ state of mind, emotion and behavioral intention during the interpersonal interaction. Cooperative behaviour happens in both individual and group levels. Besides motivated by economic reasons such as rewards and punishments, individuals may also cooperate because of social reasons, such as, trust and positive emotion. Social mindfulness means people notice and protect other’s autonomous needs in the process of interpersonal interactions. Social mindfulness is a crucial way to enhance other people’s positive emotion and establish interpersonal relationships. It provides a new perspective in the investigation of the dynamic processes underlying cooperative behaviour. Whether individuals will contribute more to the group depends on their experiencing of positive emotion in interpersonal interaction. The present research aims to investigate this process through two game experiments conducted in real contexts of interpersonal interaction. This research revealed how and why the people’s social mindfulness would influence recipient’s cooperative behaviour through positive emotion. Experiment 1 was in a between-subject design with people’s social mindfulness manipulated in a “selection of goods” game and the recipient’s positive emotion assessed after the game. The recipients participated in a public goods game and the amount of contribution served as an indicator of their cooperative behaviour. The results showed that recipients experiencing high social mindfulness in the “selection of goods” game reported more positive emotion and less negative emotion. More importantly, they were willing to contribute more resources in their subsequent public goods game. Positive emotion mediated the relation between perceived social mindfulness and cooperative behaviour. Based on the results in Experiment 1, we further examined the role of autonomous needs in the relation of social mindfulness and positive emotion in Experiment 2. In this experiment, the level of autonomous needs were manipulated by asking participants to select the amount of help they would like their opponents to give card selection game. The results showed that positive emotion mediated the relation between perceived social mindfulness and cooperative behaviour. Moreover, autonomous needs moderated the link of perceived social mindfulness and positive emotion. Specifically, as compared to those with low autonomous needs, recipients with high autonomous needs experienced less positive emotion when their needs were not satisfied. In conclusion, the present research demonstrates that positive emotion is an important mechanism which helps convey people’s social mindfulness and results in recipient’s cooperative behaviour. The satisfaction of autonomous needs is the basic reason obtaining positive emotion experience. These findings expanded the research on cooperative behaviour and provide evidence on the development of social mindfulness. The present findings shed light on daily decision and management on issues such as: (1) selecting right time to express social mindfulness; (2) enhancing employees’ well-being through social mindfulness; and (3) training employees’ social mindfulness and the helping them establish an “other people oriented” cognitive style.
Key wordscooperative behaviour    social mindfulness    positive emotion    need for autonomy    public good game
收稿日期: 2016-10-28      出版日期: 2017-11-28
ZTFLH:     
  B849:C91  
基金资助:  教育部人文社科青年基金项目(17YJCZH040); 广东省教育厅特色创新项目(2016GXJK128); 广东省哲学社会科学“十三五”规划课题青年项目(GD16YXL01); 广州市社科联2017年度“羊城青年学人”项目(17QNXR43); 国家自然科学基金面上项目(31671153)和广州大学新进“优秀青年博士”培养计划(YB201707)的资助。
通讯作者: 聂衍刚, E-mail: niezi66@21cn.com   
引用本文:   
窦凯, 刘耀中, 王玉洁, 聂衍刚.  “乐”于合作:感知社会善念诱导合作行为的情绪机制[J]. 心理学报, 2018, 50(1): 101-114.
DOU Kai, LIU Yaozhong, WANG Yujie, NIE Yangang.  Willingness to cooperate: Emotion enhancement mechanism of perceived social mindfulness on cooperative behaviour. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2018, 50(1): 101-114.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00101      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2018/V50/I1/101
[1] 龚少英, 上官晨雨, 翟奎虎, 郭雅薇.  情绪设计对多媒体学习的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(6): 771-782.
[2] 冯彪;徐亮;张蔚欣;陈婷;王文清;郑希付. 积极情绪对条件性恐惧泛化的抑制作用[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(3): 317-328.
[3] 刘芳; 丁锦红; 张钦. 高、低趋近积极情绪对不同注意加工阶段的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(7): 794-803.
[4] 陈思静;何铨;马剑虹. 第三方惩罚对合作行为的影响:基于社会规范激活的解释[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(3): 389-405.
[5] 段锦云;周冉;古晓花. 正面自我标签对建议采纳的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(10): 1591-1602.
[6] 王振宏;刘亚;蒋长好. 不同趋近动机强度积极情绪对认知控制的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2013, 45(5): 546-555.
[7] 崔丽霞;张玉静;肖晶;张钦. 积极情绪对心理旋转的影响:趋近动机的调节效应[J]. 心理学报, 2013, 45(11): 1228-1241.
[8] 何晓丽,王振宏,王克静. 积极情绪对人际信任影响的线索效应[J]. 心理学报, 2011, 43(12): 1408-1417.
[9] 刘长江,郝芳. 不对称社会困境中社会价值取向对合作的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2011, 43(04): 432-441.
[10] 王沛,陈莉. 惩罚和社会价值取向对公共物品两难中人际信任与合作行为的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2011, 43(01): 52-64.
[11] 王艳梅,郭德俊. 积极情绪对任务转换的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2008, 40(03): 301-306.
[12]

严进,王重鸣

. 群体任务中合作行为的跨阶段演变[J]. 心理学报, 2003, 35(04): 499-503.
[13] 严进,王重鸣. 两难情景下任务结构与价值取向的效用特征转换[J]. 心理学报, 2002, 34(05): 87-91.
[14] 严进,王重鸣. 两难对策中价值取向对群体合作行为的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2000, 32(03): 332-336.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn