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心理学报  2017, Vol. 49 Issue (12): 1548-1558    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01548
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 特质愤怒对攻击行为的影响: 基于综合认知模型的视角
 侯璐璐1,2;  江 琦1;  王焕贞1;  李长燃1
 (1西南大学心理学部, 心理健康教育中心, 重庆 400715) (2南京大学社会学院心理学系, 南京 210023)
 The relationship between trait anger and aggressive behavior: Based on the perspective of the integrative cognitive model
 HOU Lulu1,2; JIANG Qi1; WANG Huanzhen1; LI Changran1
 (1 Mental Health Research Center of Southwest University, Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China) (2 Department of Psychology, School of Social and Behavior Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China)
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摘要  为了考察在大学生群体中, 特质愤怒、敌意认知、愤怒沉思、认知重评以及攻击行为的关系, 采用了特质愤怒问卷、愤怒沉思问卷、情绪调节问卷以及攻击性问卷对重庆市西南大学的742名大学生进行调查, 结果显示:(1)特质愤怒、敌意认知、愤怒沉思以及攻击行为之间两两相关, 认知重评与各变量之间均没有显著的相关关系; (2)特质愤怒通过敌意认知的部分中介作用预测愤怒沉思和攻击行为, 但是愤怒沉思对攻击行为的预测作用不显著; (3)认知重评在敌意认知对攻击行为的影响中起着调节作用, 即敌意认知对攻击行为的影响会因个体认知重评水平的不同而表现出强度上的差异; (4)对于不同认知重评水平的个体来说, 特质愤怒对攻击行为的预测机制不同。具体而言, 对于低认知重评个体来说, 特质愤怒主要通过敌意认知和愤怒沉思的完全多重中介作用对攻击行为产生预测; 对于高认知重评个体来说, 特质愤怒主要通过其直接效应对攻击行为产生影响。
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侯璐璐
江琦
王焕贞
李长燃
关键词 特质愤怒 敌意认知 愤怒沉思 认知重评 攻击行为    
Abstract: Based on the prior models and empirical studies, the Integrative Cognitive model (ICM) discusses the differences among individuals with different trait anger in the processes of hostile interpretation, ruminative attention and effort control in hostile situation, and explores how these differences lead to different behavioral outcomes. Based on the assumptions of ICM, the hostile cognition and anger rumination may mediate the relationship between trait anger and aggressive behavior, and hostile cognition may also predict anger rumination. Furthermore, ICM proposes that as one of effort control factors, cognitive reappraisal reduces aggressive behavior through disturbing the process of hostile cognition. Above all, we investigated whether the relationship between trait anger and aggressive behavior was mediated by hostile cognition and anger rumination, and further explored whether cognitive reappraisal moderated the relationship between hostile cognition and aggressive behavior. Furthermore, researches in the field of emotion regulation indicated that there would be different models among trait anger and aggressive behavior due to the different levels of cognitive reappraisal. Therefore, it was also our aim to expand the ICM by investigating if there were other moderating modes of cognitive reappraisal. To examine the relationship among trait anger, hostile cognition, anger rumination, cognitive reappraisal and aggressive behavior, 742 students from freshmen to junior of Southwest University were surveyed by The Trait Anger Scale (TAS), Anger Rumination Scale (ARS), Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and The Aggression Questionnaire (AQ). The results were as follows: (1) There were significantly positive correlations among trait anger, hostile cognition, anger rumination and aggressive behavior while cognitive reappraisal was not significantly correlated with the others. (2) Hostile cognition played a partial mediation between trait anger and aggressive behavior. And hostile cognition also played a partial mediation between trait anger and anger rumination. (3) Cognitive reappraisal moderated the mediation effect of hostile cognition on aggressive behavior. Specifically, for individuals with high cognitive reappraisal, the influence of hostile cognition on aggressive behavior was lower than those with low cognitive reappraisal. (4) There were different models among trait anger and aggressive behavior due to the different levels of cognitive reappraisal. For individuals with high cognitive reappraisal, trait anger influenced aggressive behavior mainly via its own direct effect; for individuals with low cognitive reappraisal, hostile cognition and anger rumination completely mediated the relationship between trait anger and aggressive behavior. The current study is the first empirical research which provides comprehensive proof for the ICM. The mediation and moderation analysis results support the different role of hostile cognition and anger rumination between trait anger and aggressive behavior, and proved the moderation of cognitive reappraisal between hostile cognition and aggressive behavior, which is proposed by ICM. Moreover, the multiple-group analysis result expands the assumption of the role of cognitive reappraisal in ICM. This study is not only a theoretical exploration, but a noteworthy suggestion for psychological counseling that it’s better to design different intervention programs for individuals with different levels of cognitive reappraisal.
Key wordstrait anger    hostile cognition    anger rumination    cognitive reappraisal    aggressive behavior
收稿日期: 2016-09-26      出版日期: 2017-10-25
ZTFLH:     
  B849:C91  
基金资助: 
通讯作者: 江琦, E-mail: jiangqi@swu.edu.cn    
引用本文:   
侯璐璐, 江琦, 王焕贞, 李长燃.  特质愤怒对攻击行为的影响: 基于综合认知模型的视角[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(12): 1548-1558.
HOU Lulu, JIANG Qi, WANG Huanzhen, LI Changran.  The relationship between trait anger and aggressive behavior: Based on the perspective of the integrative cognitive model. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(12): 1548-1558.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01548      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2017/V49/I12/1548
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