Please wait a minute...
心理学报  2017, Vol. 49 Issue (11): 1392-1403    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01392
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
 “各说各话”的语言经验 对景颇族大学生执行功能的影响
 王 婷1;  王 丹1;  张积家1;  崔健爱2
 (1中国人民大学心理学系、国家民委民族语言文化心理重点研究基地、教育部民族教育发展中心 民族心理与教育重点研究基地, 北京 100872) (2德宏师范高等师范专科学校社科系, 云南潞西 678400)
Effects of “each speaks their own dialect” phenomenon on the executive function of Jingpo students
 WANG Ting1; WANG Dan1; ZHANG Jijia1; CUI Jianai2
 (1 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China; The State Ethnic Affairs Commission Key Research Center for Language, Cultural, and Psychology; Key Research Center for National Psychology and Education, the National Education Development Center of the Ministry of Education, Beijing 100872, China) (2 Department of Social Science, Dehong Teachers’ College, Yunnan Luxi 678400, China)
全文: PDF(413 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要  在中国云南的景颇族中, 相当多的家庭是由不同支系的人组成的, 家庭成员交际时存在着“各说各话”的现象。“各说各话”对讲话者的执行功能有无影响?采用抑制控制、注意转换和记忆刷新任务测量各说各话和非各说各话的景颇族大学生的抑制能力、转换能力和刷新能力。结果表明, 各说各话与非各说各话的景颇族大学生在色词干扰和数字转换中差异显著, 各说各话者的Stroop效应量小, 停止信号的反应时短。各说各话与非各说各话的景颇族大学生在数字转换和图形转换中差异显著, 各说各话者反应快, 转换代价小。各说各话与非各说各话的景颇族大学生在活动记忆刷新与色点位置刷新任务中差异不显著。这表明, 各说各话者比非各说各话者在抑制能力与转换能力上具有优势。语言经验对执行功能的影响具有功能特异性。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
王婷
王丹
张积家
崔健爱
关键词 景颇族 各说各话 执行功能    
Abstract: Many Jingpo families are composed of people from different branches of the Jingpo nationality, each of which has its own dialect. Family members use these different dialects when they communicate with each other. Will this linguistic phenomenon influence their executive function? Previous research on the relation of language and executive function views inhibitory control as one of the common components but seldom takes into consideration the diversity of executive functions. Moreover, previous studies have confirmed that bilingualism has a positive effect on many cognitive functions. Studies of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience have strongly suggested that executive function is not a unitary construct. However, few researchers have examined the ethnic Chinese minorities through empirical study The present study investigated three latitude executive functions (inhibition of responses, memory updating, and attention switching) of 56 Jingpo college students in Yunnan Province. The participants of this study were divided into groups that do and do not speak their own dialect. Both groups were investigated in three experiment tasks to explore the effects of language experience and culture on different components of executive function. In Test 1, the inhibition subcomponent was measured by the Stroop task and stop–signal task. In Test 2, the updating subcomponent was tested by the active memory task and color dots updating task. In Test 3, the shifting subcomponent was tested by local–global task and more–odd task. Correlation analysis results indicated that tasks measuring the same executive function presented a significant positive correlation, and the correlation between tasks measuring different functions was not significant, providing strong evidence for the diversity of executive function. Based on this result we tested the cognitive advantages in three executive functions between students who do and do not speak their own dialect. The result indicated a bilingual cognitive advantage in Jingpo college students. Students who speak their own dialect outperformed those who do not in inhibitory control and shifting, but there were no significant difference of two groups in memory updating. In summary, the present study suggests that executive function includes different components, and that language experience has a specific effect on executive function. These can be new evidence for the hypothesis of linguistic reality: language influence cognition.
Key words Jingpo nationality    each speaks their own dialect    executive function
收稿日期: 2016-11-09      出版日期: 2017-09-25
ZTFLH:     
  B842  
基金资助: 中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校科研业务费专项资金资助)项目“语言影响人格:来自双语者与双言者的行为与电生理证据” (项目编号:17XNL002)的阶段性成果。
通讯作者: 张积家, E-mail: Zhangjj1955@163.com     E-mail: E-mail: Zhangjj1955@163.com
引用本文:   
王婷, 王丹, 张积家, 崔健爱.  “各说各话”的语言经验 对景颇族大学生执行功能的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(11): 1392-1403.
WANG Ting, WANG Dan, ZHANG Jijia, CUI Jianai. Effects of “each speaks their own dialect” phenomenon on the executive function of Jingpo students. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(11): 1392-1403.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01392      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2017/V49/I11/1392
[1] 邢强, 孙海龙, 占丹玲, 胡婧, 刘凯.  执行功能对言语顿悟问题解决的影响: 基于行为与ERPs的研究[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(7): 909-919.
[2] 杨海波;赵欣;汪洋;张磊;王瑞萌; 张毅;王力. PTSD青少年执行功能缺陷的情绪特异性[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(5): 643-652.
[3] 陈爱国,殷恒婵,颜军,杨钰. 不同强度短时有氧运动对执行功能的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2011, 43(09): 1055-1062.
[4] 吴文婕, 张莉,冯廷勇,李红. 热执行功能对儿童标准窗口任务测试的影响 [J]. 心理学报, 2008, 40(03): 319-326.
[5] 李一员,吴睿明,胡兴旺,李红,P ,D ,Zelaz.

聋童执行功能发展:聋童与正常儿童的比较

[J]. 心理学报, 2006, 38(03): 356-364.
[6] 廖渝,吴睿明,Philip ,David ,Zelazo,李红,张婷,张莉,高山,李小晶. 意外地点任务中不同测试问题及意图理解与执行功能的关系[J]. 心理学报, 2006, 38(02): 207-215.
[7]

张婷,吴睿明,李红,Philip ,David ,Zelazo,张莉,廖渝,李小晶

. 不同维度的执行功能与早期心理理论的关系[J]. 心理学报, 2006, 38(01): 56-62.
[8] 魏勇刚,吴睿明,李红,冯廷勇,Philip David Zelazo. 抑制性控制在幼儿执行功能与心理理论中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2005, 37(05): 598-605.
[9] 陈天勇,李德明. 执行功能可分离性及与年龄关系的潜变量分析[J]. 心理学报, 2005, 37(02): 210-217.
[10] 杨炯炯, ,翁旭初,管林初, ,匡培梓, ,张懋植, ,孙伟建,于生元5. 额叶在启动效应中的作用机制:对额叶损伤病人颜色命名和词命名任务的分析[J]. 心理学报, 2003, 35(05): 610-616.
[11] 陈天勇,韩布新,王金凤. 工作记忆中央执行功能的特异性和可分离性[J]. 心理学报, 2002, 34(06): 21-27.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn