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心理学报  2017, Vol. 49 Issue (8): 1041-1052    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01041
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 义符启动范式下家族大小和类别一致性 对义符语义激活的影响
 章玉祉1;  张积家2
 (1广东技术师范学院学生处心理健康教育与咨询中心, 广州 510665) (2中国人民大学心理学系、 国家民委民族语言文化心理重点研究基地、教育部民族教育发展中心民族心理与教育重点研究基地, 北京 100872)
 The effects of neighborhood size and category consistency of the semantic radical on semantic radical’s semantic activation under radical priming paradigm
 ZHANG Yuzhi1; ZHANG Jijia2
 (1 Mental Health Education and Counseling Center, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665, China) (2 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China; Key Research Center for Nationality, Language, Culture and Psychology, the State Affairs Commission; Key Research Center for National Psychology and Education, the National Education Development Center of the Ministry of Education, Beijing 100872, China)
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摘要  采用义符启动范式, 考察不同加工深度任务中家族大小和类别一致性对义符语义激活的影响。结果发现:在词汇判断中, 家族大小影响义符的语义激活, 大家族义符的语义不容易激活, 小家族义符的语义容易激活。在语义相关判断中, 类别一致性影响义符的语义激活, 类别一致性高的义符的语义容易激活, 并且在错误率上, 这一影响受义符的家族大小调节。义符类别一致性影响义符家族效应的作用方向:当类别一致性低时, 出现抑制的家族效应; 当类别一致性高时, 家族效应无影响或表现为促进作用。
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章玉祉
张积家
关键词  义符启动 家族大小 类别一致性 任务加工深度    
Abstract: Many Chinese compound characters consist of one semantic radical and one phonetic radical. The semantic radical is related with the meaning of the whole character. Characters sharing the same semantic radical constitute the semantic radical family. The difference induced by the size of the orthography family is neighborhood effect. The degree of semantic concentration of all Chinese characters formed by the same semantic radical is category consistency. Previous studies explored the semantic activation, neighborhood effect and category consistency effect of semantic radical under whole character priming paradigm. The limitations of previous studies include: (1) The whole character priming paradigm cannot separate the influence of the whole character. (2) Previous studies cannot compare lexical decision and semantic judgment directly, since the result of semantic judgments leads to the separation of “yes/no”. (3) Previous studies examined the semantic activation, neighborhood effect and category consistency effect of the semantic radicals, but due to the limitations of the paradigm, they cannot integrate these influence factors. The present study intends to use the radical priming paradigm to investigate the effect of family size and category consistency on the semantic activation of semantic radicals in tasks of different processing depth. In experiment 1, we use the 2 (Character type: transparent and opaque) × 2 (priming condition: radical priming and **** priming) multi-factorial experiment design to validate the radical priming paradigm. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the reaction time of the two categories of Chinese characters under the **** priming condition. However, the reaction time of the semantic transparent Chinese characters was significantly shorter than that of the semantic opaque Chinese characters under the radical priming condition. The results indicate that the semantic radical’s meaning can be activated effectively. The radical priming paradigm is valid. In experiment 2 and experiment 3, the effects of family size and category consistency on the semantic activation of the semantic radicals are investigated in tasks of different processing depth. Experiment 2 used lexical decision task of a 2 (character type: transparent and opaque) × 2(family size: large and small) × 2(category consistency: consistent and inconsistent) design. Experiment 3 used the semantic relevance judgment task of a 2 (character type: S– —S– and S– —S+) × 2 (family size: large and small) × 2 (category consistency: consistent and inconsistent)design. Experiment 2 found the family size effect on the semantic activation of the semantic radicals. The meaning of semantic radicals of small families is easier to activate than that of semantic radicals of large families. Experiment 3 found the category consistency effect on semantic activation of semantic radicals. The meaning of semantic radicals of consistent category is easier to activate than that of semantic radicals of inconsistent category. Moreover, category consistency effect on semantic activation of radicals is regulated by family size in error rate. The whole study shows that the family size and category consistency can affect the semantic activation of semantic radicals, and the depth of processing will affect the different behaviors of the two factors. In the shallow processing task, we only found the family size effect on the semantic activation of the semantic radicals. While, in the deep processing task, we only found the family consistency effect on the semantic activation of the semantic radicals, and this effect is regulated to a certain extent by the family size of the semantic radicals. Moreover, we also found that the category consistency will affect the direction of family size effect of the semantic radicals.
Key words semantic radical priming    category consistency    neighborhood size    task processing depth
收稿日期: 2016-11-25      出版日期: 2017-06-25
ZTFLH:     
  B842  
基金资助:国家民委民族研究重点项目“少数民族学生双语学习认知规律研究” (2017-GMA-004); 2015年广东省教育厅青年创新人才类项目(项目批准号:2015WQNCX087); 中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助)项目成果(项目批准号:14XNLQ05; 16XNLQ05)。
通讯作者: 张积家, E-mail: Zhangjj1955@163.com     E-mail: E-mail: Zhangjj1955@163.com
引用本文:   
章玉祉, 张积家.  义符启动范式下家族大小和类别一致性 对义符语义激活的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(8): 1041-1052.
ZHANG Yuzhi, ZHANG Jijia.  The effects of neighborhood size and category consistency of the semantic radical on semantic radical’s semantic activation under radical priming paradigm. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(8): 1041-1052.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01041      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2017/V49/I8/1041
[1] 王娟;张积家. 义符的类别一致性和家族大小影响形声字的语义加工[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(11): 1390-1400.
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